The idea that all devices can be connected to each other without limits or boundaries is our beautiful imagination of a mature smart home experience. However, at the moment, there is no standard or protocol that can be compatible and connect all smart home products due to business interests and technical selection considerations.
But this does not mean that no one has tried to work hard, Apple, Google, Amazon and other smart home field head enterprises jointly set up the connection standards alliance (CSA), brought a new connection protocol Matter. aimed at open form to absorb more companies, so that almost all categories of smart home products can access the ecology regardless of brand, research and development and consumer use of the difficulty is significantly reduced.
The ideal is very rich, but the reality is very skeletal former life
Zigbee is a wireless network protocol based on IEEE 802.15.4 standard, which supports mesh network topology, self-healing capability, low power consumption, etc. It is more suitable for smart home devices with large number, small and dense data packets and small battery capacity than Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. It is more suitable for smart home devices with large number, small and dense data packets and small battery capacity than Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.
Zigbee is the most used version 1.2 and 3.0, the former application device more the latter compatible with a wide range of categories, domestic manufacturers such as green rice Lianchuang in the product implementation. However, Zigbee can not be connected between devices need to be used with a gateway, and the compatibility barrier between brands will be additional licensing fees, resulting in the original hope that the vision of a unified connection of all devices into a bubble.
The Thread protocol, initiated by Google and in official cooperation with the Zigbee Alliance, can be seen as an enhanced version of the former, with almost all the capabilities, while adding new features such as IPv6, direct Internet connection, and better compatibility with standards proposed by different manufacturers.
Both Zigbee and Thread have never solved a big problem in the process of promoting smart home protocols. The protocols that exist as third parties and the alliance behind them have not been enforceable for the participating manufacturers since the beginning, and cannot be required to contribute to the overall ecological experience. Apple, one of the key players in the alliance, has been focusing on its own HomeKit.
The turnaround occurred at the end of 2019, when Apple, Google and Amazon finally sat down together to discuss a new smart home connection protocol that is open source, secure and in which all devices have equal access, and in which manufacturers of different volumes can develop products at low cost. The same set of smart homes will be free to control with Google Assistant, Amazon’s Alexa, Apple’s Siri or other voice assistants.
The organization was initially called Project Connected Home over IP (CHIP), and gradually incorporated the Zigbee Alliance, Samsung, IKEA, Philips and other manufacturers in the process of drafting the agreement, and began to have influence in the industry. And in recent days, CHIP officially changed its name to Matter, and Zigbee Alliance also announced to upgrade to Connected Standards Alliance (CSA) to participate in related matters.
The pursuit of a grand unification of smart home connectivity protocols has ushered in a milestone that cannot be ignored.
The present life of Matter: simple, secure and inclusive
The first version of Matter currently supports Ethernet (wired connection), Wi-Fi, and Thread communication protocols, and in the future, data connection (i.e., cell phone card Internet access) and BLE (low-power Bluetooth) will be included.
Matter also mentions five key attributes: simplicity, the connected experience is greatly simplified; interoperability, the product can be operated locally across brand ecology; reliability, the response time is fast and consistent; security, to maintain streamlined functionality while having higher security; flexibility, the user can debug multiple devices from different ecologies at once.
This means that one thing, assuming that the devices in your hands have the Matter logo, you will be able to connect through any of the smart home eco-configurations, which can then be called through the Matter-enabled smart home eco-access. The original bought a single device must be used with the corresponding brand ecology, different brands of devices can not interact with each other across the ecological experience, will become history.
As mentioned above, I have both a smart speaker with Google Assistant, a smart screen with Amazon Alexa, a tablet with Siri, and smart panels and TVs from other manufacturers in my home, but they all support Matter, so I can use any portal to access all the Matter-enabled devices in my home, and again, regardless of brand or specific smart home ecology.
The reason why Matter (meaning matter) was chosen as the name is to become the cornerstone of IoT and smart home with the meaning of Matter being the cornerstone of life. the logo represents the three arrows representing Apple, Google and Amazon made for each other, then it can be seen as a vision to achieve the integration and connection of different products. As with other protocols, devices certified by Matter will carry this logo.
The first certification will be completed later this year, when you can buy these simpler and safer devices with better connectivity experience and compatibility. Although only Philips has announced so far that it will make all its product lines compatible with Matter with the help of a software update, more devices may not be far behind as manufacturers such as Huawei, Toodle Smart, NXP and Nanjing IoT join in.
It is slightly regrettable that Xiaomi, which had announced a full shift to Bluetooth Mesh solution for IoT at the developer conference in 2020, does not appear in the list of Matter protocol members, which may mean that for some time in the future, Xiaomi or Mijia brand smart home products will not support Matter and will not be interconnected with other brand smart home environments in this way.
Smart home grand unified future to look forward to
Solving the extensive degree of interconnection between smart home products and the reliability of connection under large capacity will be the biggest challenge that Matter has to face after completing the grand unification of technical architecture.
First of all, interconnection is not only a technical issue; Zigbee initially proposed an enhanced version 3.0 to address the phenomenon, but there are still barriers between manufacturers whose products are certified but just not compatible, bringing unnecessary burden to consumers and weakening the trustworthiness of the whole alliance.
Matter members are more diverse than previous protocol alliances, but there are also pitfalls that are expected to provide compatibility with Apple HomeKit and Huawei HarmonyOS Connect (formerly HiLink), both of which are smart home ecologies that have a high certification threshold for devices. There is a possibility that the ecology supports the Matter protocol and related devices, but requires that they must pass the relevant certification to use the full functionality of the situation.
Wi-Fi, Bluetooth successive defeat in the smart home protocol, lies in the inability to efficiently coordinate the number of channels and connections, resulting in multiple devices connected inevitably lead to dropouts, delays and other problems. Connection reliability has always been a key factor affecting the smart home experience, and some manufacturers even choose wired connection protocols like PLC to ensure stability, but wiring restrictions are never comparable to wireless protocols in terms of applicability.
Matter’s approach of integrating gateways, communication protocols and related channels is clearly intended to circumvent the lessons learned by previous generations and improve reliability. However, in the “Everything Connected” scenario, the number of connected devices in the home will directly reach three orders of magnitude, and different home environments and different household types will have different impacts on the network, so Matter still needs to strengthen itself in practice and iteration.
Will Matter, which tries to give solutions to the current situation, become a new generation of protocols used by the global smart home industry? In the future, there may be a connection protocol that can truly fulfill the dream of unification, but it is still unknown whether it can be Matter.
Posted by:CoinYuppie，Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/with-this-protocol-you-can-use-apple-siri-to-control-huawei-smart-home-products/
Coinyuppie is an open information publishing platform, all information provided is not related to the views and positions of coinyuppie, and does not constitute any investment and financial advice. Users are expected to carefully screen and prevent risks.