Introduction: Central SOEs must accelerate the creation of a source of original blockchain technology, become the chain length of the modern industrial chain, and form a group of backbone enterprises in the blockchain to produce a series of original technological achievements with international leading levels.
On October 27, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology signed the “Strategic Cooperation Agreement on Accelerating the Integration of Industrialization and Digital Transformation of Central Enterprises” to jointly promote central enterprises to accelerate the integration of informatization and industrialization and digital transformation, and promote the in-depth integration of digital technology and the real economy.
Industrialization and scale represent the arrival of the post-blockchain era. Promoting the agglomeration of the blockchain industry and ecological construction is a key construction topic in the post-blockchain era.
Prior to this, the public account of the blockchain cooperation platform of central enterprises stated that central enterprises must accelerate the creation of original blockchain technology sources, become the chain leader of modern industrial chains, and form a group of blockchain backbone enterprises with internationally leading output series. Level of original scientific and technological achievements.
It is understood that on October 24, 2020, under the guidance of the Science and Technology Innovation Bureau of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council and the support of China Industry-University-Research Cooperation Promotion Association, the State Grid United Aerospace Science and Technology, Ordnance Industry Corporation, PetroChina, Sinopec and other more than 20 central enterprises jointly Initiated the establishment of a central enterprise blockchain cooperation innovation platform.
In February of this year, the central enterprise blockchain cooperation platform released the “Central Enterprise Blockchain Innovation and Development Report (2021)” (hereinafter referred to as the “Report”). The “Report” pointed out that as of December 2020, 54 of the 97 central enterprises directly managed by the SASAC are involved in the blockchain field, accounting for nearly 55.7%.
Why do central enterprises set foot in blockchain? What is the progress of the original blockchain technology source?
Focus on the trend
“We are in a period of significant opportunities for the development of blockchain technology and industrial innovation.” Li Lihui, head of the blockchain research group of the China Internet Finance Association and former president of the Bank of China, gave the topic “Blockchain: Technological Innovation and Industrial Upgrade” In his speech, he stated that the innovation of blockchain technology is a global hot spot, and the research of blockchain technology has achieved great progress.
It is understood that the blockchain is not only suitable for scenarios such as encrypted digital currency, but the larger application space will inevitably be industrial Internet, 5G and other emerging fields closely related to society and economy.
Data shows that at present, governments around the world generally attach great importance to the strategic leadership role of blockchain in technological and industrial reforms, which mainly involve financial (including digital currency), government affairs, medical health, digital identity and other fields. Among them, government affairs account for The ratio reached 32%.
At present, the United States, Canada, and China are ahead of other countries in terms of the amount of investment and financing transactions and the number of events for blockchain companies. Among them, the United States accounts for 46.14% of the investment and financing amount.
As of September 2020, there are 3709 blockchain companies in the world, mainly located in the United States and China, of which 27% are located in the United States and 24% are located in China.
2018 is the first year of the digital economy and the first year of blockchain applications.
2018 was also the year with the largest number of new companies in my country’s blockchain, and the number of new companies reached 218 in that year.
General Secretary Xi Jinping once proposed: “We must take the blockchain as an important breakthrough for independent innovation of core technologies, clarify the main direction, increase investment, focus on a number of key core technologies, and accelerate the development of blockchain technology and industrial innovation.”
However, Li Lihui said: “At present, the new cross-chain technology still has security risks.”
Therefore, in the new development stage of the “14th Five-Year Plan”, blockchain, as a key industry of my country’s digital economy, is facing a new round of development opportunities. It is the social responsibility to lead the development of my country’s blockchain industry.
Since the establishment of the central enterprise blockchain cooperation innovation platform, it is promoting the large-scale and industrialization of the central enterprise blockchain through the establishment of a high-quality blockchain development system with enterprises as the main body, market-oriented, innovation as the driving force, and in-depth integration of production, education and research.化 development.
At present, the application of blockchain in the energy and power industry has begun to take shape and has entered the stage of integrated development.
Accelerate the landing
“Blockchain” is a new type of software technology that can realize value transfer. Nowadays, more and more industries such as finance, Internet management, government work, medical care, copyright management, Internet of Things, energy and so on are beginning to use blockchain. It integrates computer technologies such as distributed data storage, point-to-point transmission, consensus mechanism, and encryption algorithm. Its essence is a decentralized database, a series of data blocks associated with cryptographic methods. The Internet is like an information highway, and blockchain makes the information society safer and more efficient.
my country’s national policy attaches great importance to the important role of new infrastructure represented by blockchain in new technological innovation and industrial transformation, and actively promotes the rapid development of blockchain technology, industrial innovation, and economic and social integration.
On April 20, 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission first proposed the scope of “new infrastructure”, clarifying that blockchain is a new technology infrastructure.
According to the “Report”, among the 54 central enterprises involved in the blockchain, companies represented by platform members such as State Grid, China Unicom, and China Mobile have taken an active role in the construction of blockchain standards, and have not only participated in the national blockchain The chain and distributed accounting technology standardization committee was established, and it participated in the formulation of 12 international standards, 3 national standards, 9 local standards and 9 group standards.
As of December 2020, 32 central enterprises represented by Aerospace Science and Industry, State Grid, China Unicom, China Mobile, etc. have applied for 1084 blockchain-related management and 94 authorized patents in terms of intellectual property distribution. Among them, China Unicom and State Grid have applied for 451 and 373 blockchain patents respectively.
In terms of the cultivation of major achievements, 3 achievements of central enterprises were selected into the new information consumption demonstration project of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and 3 achievements were selected as the pilot demonstration project of network security technology application of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
China Telecom has deployed the “CT-Chain” in 31 provinces across the country, and has won important awards such as high-value cases in the industry and ecological contribution to the industry. China Unicom serves the digital transformation of government and enterprise customers by building a “Unicom Chain”. At the same time, the “CMBaaS” constructed by China Mobile has realized the customization and rapid delivery of blockchain services.
The “State Grid Chain” is an important part of the State Grid’s digital strategy. At the level of “Chinese characteristics”, it fully complies with the central government’s decision-making and deployment of blockchain technology and industrial innovation and development, and effectively supports the digital transformation of power grids and power market reforms; at the level of “international leadership”, it strictly follows international and national” “Blockchain” technical standards provide technical solutions for the safe, stable, and efficient operation of on-chain businesses; at the level of “Energy Internet Enterprises”, it actively serves energy entities and combines new Internet technologies such as big data to jointly create interconnection and interoperability. , Shared and shared energy sector blockchain public service platform. In addition, the State Grid has supported the landing of nearly 100 business applications in 25 categories, including power trading and judicial deposits.
It is understood that state-owned enterprises are currently expanding the blockchain application scenarios in an all-round way. Today, the central state-owned enterprise has established 13 blockchain laboratories, 2 blockchain professional companies, and invested in 3 blockchain start-ups. The blockchain layout of central enterprises mainly involves the implementation of government affairs, energy, finance, communications, medical care, e-commerce, manufacturing and other fields related to the national economy and people’s livelihood.
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