What is the biggest risk behind the explosion of the Metaverse?

“Right now, Hiroshi is walking towards the ‘Avenue’. It’s the Broadway of the Metaverse, the Champs-Élysées of the Metaverse… The only difference between this street and the real world is that it doesn’t really exist. It’s just a A computer graphics protocol…the Street, and none of these things, has really been given physical form.”

This is a scene from the science fiction novel “Avalanche”, which describes the perception and understanding of two parallel worlds by a generation of Internet people born out of the real world. The concept of “Metaverse” is mentioned for the first time.

After the concept of the metaverse was proposed, it quickly swept the public opinion field and gained enough attention.Virtual concerts, virtual education, virtual finance, virtual seminars, virtual creations and so on are endless. However, there are also many doubts about whether the metaverse can protect digital security.

“Investment outlet” or “The Emperor’s New Clothes”?

The Metaverse is really well known to the public in the March 2021 launch of the game development platform Roblox before its listing on the Nasdaq. In July 2021, Facebook CEO Zuckerberg announced that he would transform into a metaverse company in the next five years. At the end of August 2021, ByteDance acquired the VR startup Pico at a sky-high price, driving a wave of “20cm” daily limit in the capital market.

On October 28, 2021, the new logo of the headquarters of the American Metaverse company attracted citizens to take pictures. Photo courtesy/Visual China

Some scholars believe that the metaverse is now in the middle and late development stage of the third stage. . Especially in the post-epidemic era, people have begun to try to conduct in-depth exploration and new attempts on the metaverse.

However, the rapid development of the metaverse comes with its own risks. At present, some chaotic phenomena of blindly using new concepts to “rubbing hot spots” have appeared. There is also a heated discussion about whether it is an “investment outlet” or “the emperor’s new clothes”. There are views that human beings can realize their ultimate dreams in the world of the “metaverse” sooner or later, and “although they can’t reach it, they yearn for it”; there are also some views that the metaverse is “the emperor’s new clothes” and a comeback of the VR concept.

What is the biggest risk to the Metaverse?

“For the Metaverse, many people see opportunities, but security practitioners see more risks.” As a veteran in the field of digital security for 20 years, Zhou Hongyi, founder of 360 Group, faced the Metaverse The security challenges brought by it call for “not to be ruthless because of this, but to upgrade the network security industry to a digital security industry to escort digital civilization.”

There are also many scholars who believe that the challenge of the metaverse is also a challenge of digital security in nature.

Such concerns are justified. On December 20, 2021, the first incident of sexual harassment broke out in Horizon Worlds, a metaverse platform owned by Meta Corporation (formerly Facebook) , which aroused global market attention on the topic of security in the coming metaverse era.

“Metaverse is indeed the next generation of cyberspace, and security is the top priority of cyberspace.” At the “2021 Metaverse Industry Forum” held in mid-December 2021, Chinese information system expert Academician Shen Changxiang made it clear.

“Digital security is not anxiety, but a reality.” Wang Huaimin, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Open Source Development Committee of the Chinese Computer Society, said that human insecurity mainly comes from the many unknowns in the world we live in, including the existence of the digital age. security risks, but it is also an important driving force for the progress of human civilization.

Tian Li, director of the Internet Development Research Center of Peking University, believes that network security and digital security are the underlying logic of digital civilization. At present, the public’s awareness of network security and data security is still at a relatively elementary level. Privacy, content and behavioral security have been repeatedly discussed and corroborated, but the more secretive hazards have not yet attracted enough attention from the public.

How to build a strong digital security barrier?

On September 26, 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized in his congratulatory letter to the Wuzhen Summit of the World Internet Conference that we should build a strong digital security barrier, let digital civilization benefit the people of all countries, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

In this context, Zhao Hongzhi, deputy secretary-general of the China Cyberspace Security Association, believes that the construction of China’s cyberspace security requires the participation of various social forces, such as industry, academia, and research, especially leading cybersecurity companies.

To address the complex security threats faced by digitalization, 360 Government and Enterprise Security Group released the Digital Security Capability Framework. Ye Jian, its COO and CEO of 360 Government and Enterprise Security Group, said: “This framework is the first comprehensive, dynamic and evolving security solution in the first year of digital security. On the one hand, it is committed to helping countries, cities and industries Solve the problem of industrial digital security, and on the other hand, escort the metaverse industry built on digital technology.”

“Ban Yue Tan” previously reported that Shen Yang, one of the authors of the “2020-2021 Metaverse Development Research Report” and a professor at the School of Journalism and Communication of Tsinghua University, believes that the current Metaverse industry is still in a “sub-health” state. Since the industry is in the initial stage of development and has the characteristics of immature and unstable emerging industries, it is necessary to guard against risks such as capital manipulation, public opinion bubbles, ethical constraints, monopoly, addiction, and privacy. The future development of the Metaverse depends not only on technological innovation, but also on institutional innovation.

Since the beginning of this year, the world epidemic has been intertwined with a century of changes. The game between major powers in cyberspace has intensified. Various types of data have grown rapidly and gathered in large quantities, which have had a significant and profound impact on economic development and people’s lives. Zhao Hongzhi believes: “Data security has become a major issue related to national security and economic and social development.”

Zhou Hongyi also said: “The national level proposes to coordinate traditional security and non-traditional security, and to improve the governance capabilities of network security, data security, artificial intelligence security and other fields, marking the beginning of the first year of digital security, and network security has entered the era of big security. “

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