Recently, several news items have been swiped in the circle of friends.
1. On July 16, the national carbon emissions trading officially opened . On the opening day, the transaction volume was 4.104 million tons, with a turnover of 210 million yuan. Become the world’s largest carbon trading market.
2. On July 17, the Baihetan Hydropower Station across the Jinsha River was officially put into operation. The world’s largest single-cell power generation is the “Everest” of the hydropower industry.
3. The “artificial sun” located in Hefei set a world record . Nuclear fusion technology has achieved phased breakthroughs.
4. In the past six months, Internet giants have ended “electric vehicles”, and traditional car companies have transformed their research and development of electric and hydrogen-powered vehicles.
5. Plant meat giants such as Beyond Meat land in the Chinese market.
I think they all point to a key word: carbon neutrality. A word that suddenly became popular.
What exactly is carbon neutral? What can we do to move towards “carbon neutrality”?
1. Carbon neutrality, prevent problems before they happen
Carbon neutrality, why did it suddenly catch on?
Because it is imminent.
The nature of carbon neutrality is related to global warming. And global warming has burned eyebrows.
The “Statement on the State of the Global Climate” issued by the United Nations and the World Meteorological Organization shows that
In 2020, the global average temperature is 1.2°C higher than before the industrial revolution .
In other words, in just two hundred years, the global temperature has risen by 1.2°C.
Some people say that the earth itself has undergone countless changes in cold, hot and hot. The current increase in temperature is just a regular change in the earth.
Indeed, if you look at it in a very long historical dimension, this is normal.
However, from the standpoint of humans, even if the temperature is only raised by a small 1°C, the series of ecological changes brought about by it are unimaginable.
In 2012, I bought a ferry ticket to Antarctica.
It was only after I arrived that I found out, my God, it turns out that global climate change is so terrible. But I don’t feel it at all in the office.
We know that every place has its own complete food chain.
In Antarctica, plankton is at the bottom of the food chain. Krill eats plankton, while whales, penguins, and fish eat krill, and seals eat penguins. This is the complete food chain of Antarctica.
However, if the global temperature rises by 1°C, a large amount of sea ice will melt.
Sea ice gone, survive in the ice plankton have less , then, plankton-eating krill correspondingly less . By analogy, there will be fewer and fewer whales and seals .
The ecology of Antarctica was broken in this way.
Complex, intense, and terrifying. Instead, worried.
If we continue to follow this trend, we humans may no longer exist in the future.
what to do? what to do? what to do?
The most effective way is to don’t let it happen.
Take precautions before they happen. Carbon neutrality is to prevent problems before they happen.
What is carbon neutral?
I found a description:
The total amount of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gas emissions produced directly or indirectly by countries, enterprises, products, activities or individuals within a certain period of time, through afforestation, energy conservation and emission reduction, etc., to offset their own carbon dioxide or greenhouse gas emissions and achieve positive results. Negative offset, to achieve relative “zero emissions”.
Just like calculating cost and profit, first of all, a carbon emission account needs to be established. The positive direction refers to direct emissions and indirect emissions, and the negative direction refers to emission reduction offsets.
As long as this big account balances positives and negatives and reaches equilibrium, it means that carbon neutrality is achieved.
The total carbon emissions are cleared.
Why is it important to control carbon emissions?
Because one of the important causes of global warming is carbon emissions.
We have learned in middle school textbooks that global warming is caused by excessive emissions of greenhouse gases, which intensifies the greenhouse effect.
So, what exactly are greenhouse gases?
According to the “Kyoto Protocol”, there are a total of 6 widely recognized greenhouse gases.
Carbon dioxide: produced by burning fossil fuels;
Methane: produced by landfill and raising cattle and sheep;
Nitrous oxide: produced during fertilizer use;
Hydrofluorocarbons: emissions from air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment;
Perfluorocarbons: emissions from the aluminum industry;
Sulfur hexafluoride: produced during the manufacturing process of transformers.
Each item is closely related to and inseparable from our current life.
However, it must be controlled. what to do?
This is a global problem. The most important thing is that everyone must reach a consensus . Then, sit down and have a meeting, discuss and discuss.
However, each country’s national conditions are different.
Some countries focus on the service industry with low carbon emissions; some countries focus on the manufacturing industry with large carbon emissions.
Some countries have mastered emission reduction technology; some countries lack advanced technology and funds.
The pressures and capabilities of different countries to reduce emissions are very different.
Developing countries say,
Why do you developed countries want me to control carbon emissions? You have all reached the stage of prosperity. We are still starting. Can’t we wait for us to solve the development first?
Developed countries say,
That won’t work. Now the whole world is facing this problem. Your carbon emissions are so serious now that you must control them well.
It was too noisy. Fortunately, finally got a little eyebrow.
In 1992, the “United Nations Framework for Climate Change” was signed.
A consensus has begun to conceive: to maintain the concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gases at a stable level . Developed countries bear the main obligations. Developing countries are not bound by law.
In 1997, the “Kyoto Protocol” was signed.
The consensus has begun to take shape: developed countries have assumed emission reduction obligations since 2005. Developing countries since 2012.
In 2016, the “Paris Agreement” was signed.
With “hard indicators”: control the global average temperature rise within 2 degrees Celsius compared with the pre-industrial period, and strive to limit the temperature rise within 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Make a commitment: 29 countries, including the European Union, pledge to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, and China pledge to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.
Okay, it’s decided.
There is a goal. What should I do next?
2. Commitment to reach the standard, a long way to go
To achieve “zero emissions”, we must first twist back the “carbon emissions” value curve that is stubbornly rising.
The peak value is reached as soon as possible, and then it can fall. This peak is called the carbon peak.
Currently, more than 50 countries in the world have reached carbon peaks.
The European Union and the United States started early in industrialization and matured their industries. They reached their peaks of carbon in the 1990s and 2007, with peaks of approximately 4.5 billion tons and 5.9 billion tons.
And China promised to peak carbon by 2030. The estimated peak is 10.6 billion tons.
Compared with the European Union and the United States, China’s industrialization started more than 100 years later; it has a vast territory and a large population. It is three times that of the European Union and more than four times that of the United States.
The volume of emissions is large, and the pressure to reduce emissions is high.
After the carbon reaches its peak in 2030, there will only be 30 years left for China to clear it. too difficult.
However, this test must be passed. what to do?
See the essence, find a way, and then bite the bullet.
Solving the problem of carbon emissions is essentially to solve the tragedy of the commons.
What’s the meaning?
for example. There is a sea where everyone can fish.
However, the number of fish is limited and must be fished reasonably. So everyone agreed to catch only one boat’s fish a day.
One day, one person caught two more boats.
When others saw it, they were very angry.
What’s the use of me being so obedient?
Why don’t I catch a bit more too?
Everyone caught more and more, and finally, all the fish in the sea were caught. No more fish.
This is also true of carbon emissions.
Companies that actively upgrade their emission reduction technologies and strictly implement emission reductions may be more expensive than companies that emit arbitrarily.
Therefore, everyone certainly does not want to take the initiative to reduce emissions.
what to do?
3. Carbon emissions, build a good bottom frame
First, strengthen supervision; second, privatization.
1. Strengthen supervision.
The visible hand of the government is out there.
For industries with high carbon emissions, a strict regulatory mechanism should be formulated to prompt the industry to accelerate technological innovation in emission reduction.
For example: incorporating carbon emission indicators into the regional environmental assessment, etc.
Set a price for carbon emissions, introduce it to the market, and trade in the market.
It is carbon trading . How to trade?
The government first sets a total emission amount, and then allocates emission allowances to various enterprises. If the company’s quota is used up, it must be purchased on the market.
However, the price of the quota is determined by the market transaction.
At this time, companies have to start thinking about carbon emissions, because it is linked to costs.
With the carbon trading market, the underlying framework is complete.
The road to carbon neutrality has a solid foundation.
Next, all walks of life have their own magical powers.
What should we do in the future?
4. Facing the future, opportunities and challenges
I always believe that what coexists with problems must be methods and opportunities. Faced with the problems brought about by development, higher-quality development should be used to solve them.
How to do it?
Facing the future, looking for innovation.
So, what are the innovations? What are the opportunities and challenges?
For example, electricity.
Our country is a big coal-producing and consuming country. At present, the main source of electricity in my country is still thermal power, which is coal burning.
what to do? Innovate and find alternatives.
Innovation: Improve coal chemical industry and reduce carbon emissions.
Look for alternatives: replace fossil energy with clean energy such as solar, wind, hydro, and tidal energy.
However, it is easier said than done.
Even if wind power and photovoltaic power generation reached 400 million kilowatts last year, they still accounted for less than 10%.
More efforts are needed, and innovation needs to be invested.
Thus, the Baihetan Hydropower Station on the Jinsha River was built. Nuclear fusion technology is becoming more mature. Electric energy storage and UHV transmission technology continue to innovate.
These are hard-core innovations. It is the general trend.
There are also many industries with high carbon emissions. For example, the automotive industry.
Traditional fuel vehicles are driven by internal combustion engines. The internal combustion engine burns gasoline or diesel. According to the principle of the internal combustion engine, even after several rounds of technological innovation, it is still impossible to clear carbon emissions.
what to do? Then change it.
Many large car companies have taken actions one after another.
Toyota, starting in the 1990s, began to develop hybrid vehicles and hydrogen fuel cells;
Audi announced that starting from 2026, it will fully switch to pure electric vehicles, and by 2033, it will officially discontinue production of fuel vehicles;
Ford announced that it will fully switch to pure electric vehicles before 2030;
Jaguar Land Rover announced that it will become a pure electric brand by 2025…
New energy vehicles, Fang Xing Zheng Ai.
In addition, there is another major greenhouse gas emitter that is often overlooked in our daily lives.
That is, the breeding industry . Especially, raising cattle and sheep.
Someone has counted,
For every kilogram of beef produced, 32.49 kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent methane gas is produced.
But how much beef do you consume in a year?
In China alone, we consume nearly 9 million tons of beef a year. 9 million tons is equivalent to 290 million tons of carbon emissions.
With so many carbon emissions, how can we clear it to zero?
Perhaps, artificial meat is one direction.
Raising cattle and sheep is essentially the process of turning solar energy into protein and fat.
Pasture uses photosynthesis to convert solar energy into chemical energy; cattle and sheep eat pasture and absorb the energy in the pasture; we eat beef and mutton and absorb the energy in the cattle and mutton.
However, in the process of raising cattle and sheep, carbon emissions are too high. Can we omit the breeding process on the basis of ensuring our daily energy needs?
Artificial meat is an answer.
In addition to these, there are many opportunities brought by the emission reduction problem. So, don’t be lost, face the future, follow the trend, and you will definitely be able to make a difference.
V. Final words
In 2030, the carbon peak will be reached. In 2060, achieve carbon neutrality.
It will be less than 10 years before 2030, and less than 40 years before 2060.
The carbon peak is the promise of the next decade. Carbon neutrality is the promise of the future.
There is great beauty in the world. Harmonious symbiosis of nature. In this regard, my generation should work harder.
Discover the law, find the method, seize the direction, aim at new opportunities, and use higher-quality development to solve the problems caused by development.
Posted by:CoinYuppie，Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/what-can-we-do-to-become-carbon-neutral/
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