Web3 stack: How does web3 provide a better user experience than web2?

Many web3 skeptics quickly criticized the user experience after using web3 related products. Even web3 advocates often admit that the user experience may not be so good, but the good features brought about by decentralization make up for this shortcoming.

Facts have proved that there are conditions for building a better user experience than web2. In this article, I will try to compare web2 and web3 together, and give a clearer vision of a possible future result of the user experience of web3 surpassing web2.       


stack form of web3


Although the web3 stack in the figure above looks oversimplified, it is actually very complicated. For users, they only need to care about web3 applications and interfaces, which operate in the same way as web2.


Users can use various interfaces on web3 and regard them as the new “operating system” or “browser”.

The preferred solution for the user interface is a socially restorative smart contract wallet like Argent. Social recovery provides a better user experience than web2 account recovery. For users, managing passwords is a chore. Once forgotten, they need to rely on the central bank or web2 related companies to retrieve their passwords, and this process is usually tedious.

Through social recovery, users do not need to manage any passwords. If users can’t access their account, they can use their friends, family, or trusted entities to recover quickly.

Social recovery will become the core of web3, and these wallets will eventually be more like browsers and app stores, and people will find the apps they want to use and use it.

The two key parts of this puzzle are account abstraction and pooling technology. Solving these two problems will achieve a seamless user experience. All these terms such as cost, blockchain, bridge, etc. will be completely abstracted from the user, and the interface will cleverly complete all these behind-the-scenes work.

Of course, there may be a “simple mode” where the user does not even have to choose an application, but only the actual function. For example, if someone only wants to earn interest from their savings, they will only deposit their legal tender and then earn interest, nothing more. Users may not know what Aave, StarkNet or Ethereum are, but they will use these solutions indirectly.

There will also be web2-like scenarios specific to the application. Indeed, these already exist. For example, users only need to deposit fiat currency into Sorare, and then play their fantasy sports games like web2 fantasy sports games. Users do not know NFT is cast on the summary Sorare, or it is in the ether Square settlement on.

Through account abstraction, seamless bridging, pooling, social recovery, and effectiveness aggregation, we have all the underlying building blocks to achieve an elegant user experience. Therefore, the interface that provides the best user experience will become the direction of fierce competition.


In the final analysis, having a better application experience than web2 is a key factor for users to adopt web3. Without web3, these experiences are simply impossible, and it all depends on the innovation of application developers. I believe that so far, the industry has been a little too fascinated by blockchain and tokens, but I hope that over time, all activities, capital, and innovation will turn to web3.


The application will exist on the execution layer, and the interface directly interacts with the execution layer. I expect Rollups & Volitions to become the primary execution layer, where more than 90% of the activities will take place, but we can also have centralized, hybrid, and sovereign monomer chains. Through the Volition setting, we can have a mixed scene.

Let’s take Facebook as an example. Their Libra/ Diem project was paralyzed by a regulatory issue—data liability issues. Worldcoin and Reddit are smarter-choose to build Rollups with zero data responsibility. Therefore, by processing all data on an open and trusted neutral layer, they are not accountable to regulators like Facebook. By renaming Meta, it is clear that they are building their own execution layer. But Meta will never build Rollups, right? Instead, what they can do is build something like hybrid Volitions, most of which are centralized databases, but they can choose to settle specific transactions on the public settlement/DA layer—to gain interoperability and limit data liability. In the world of blockchain Lego blocks and modular blockchains, there are many possibilities.


Security, consensus or settlement-no matter what you call it, this is a problem for the executive to solve. With the large-scale adoption of web3, the security layer will sink to the bottom. Of course, this layer will provide security, and solid currency assets are essential to supporting the economy. The fat protocol argument is applicable, but as we reach global scale, I hope to capture more value at the application layer.


The web3 execution layer will use two types of data, available data and retrievable data. Data availability may be on the settlement layer or outside the settlement layer, but the key criterion here is that they have data availability guarantees. Here, all valuable transactions will be “saved” for future generations to use.

However, low-value data will be required, where strict availability guarantees are not required, and only a retrievability guarantee is sufficient.

Take social media as an example. If you want to ensure that rewards, transactions, and content headers are safe and available, Volition can solve these problems on the DA layer. However, the cost of storing all content (videos, photos, etc.) on the DA layer is prohibitive. Therefore, DA layers (such as Ethereum data sharding, Celestia, Polygon Avail) and non-DA data layers (such as Filecoin, Arweave, Swarm) can both play complementary roles.

social contact

The last layer is the social layer, but not the least important. It gives value to the settlement layer and builds the entire web3 infrastructure on its foundation. But in fact, we will have a social layer at every step, and every layer will have a vibrant community governance ecosystem.


I know very well that this technology can promote web3 to the world, and only the issues of implementation and maturity are left. Of course, this will take several years, but this road is feasible.

With the help of a modular blockchain architecture, we will have all the scalability and instant confirmation needed for the next few years. Now, web3 only needs to wait for interface and application developers to build an elegant and compelling user experience, and web2 users will flock to it.

Posted by:CoinYuppie,Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/web3-stack-how-does-web3-provide-a-better-user-experience-than-web2/
Coinyuppie is an open information publishing platform, all information provided is not related to the views and positions of coinyuppie, and does not constitute any investment and financial advice. Users are expected to carefully screen and prevent risks.

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