The talent gap exceeds 700,000, and 15 universities have newly established blockchain majors

According to the “China’s Blockchain Talent Education and Development Status (2020)”, the demand for development and sales talents in blockchain talent recruitment is the largest, accounting for 62.70% of the total.

On September 8, 164 freshmen majoring in blockchain engineering registered at the Blockchain Industry College of Chengdu University of Information Technology. Outside the campus, blockchain-related talents are facing a huge gap. According to Gartner, an international authoritative consulting organization, with the development of blockchain technology, China’s blockchain talent gap will reach more than 750,000. According to the “China’s Blockchain Talent Education and Development Status (2020)”, the demand for development and sales talents in blockchain talent recruitment is the largest, accounting for 62.70% of the total.

As of 2020, more than 36 domestic colleges and universities have opened blockchain majors or courses, but the first batch of blockchain engineering graduates will have to wait until 2024 at the earliest to participate in the work, facing a talent gap of hundreds of thousands of talents every year. The supply of human talents seems to be a drop in the bucket.

Next, the blockchain industry will usher in explosive growth. How to balance the supply and demand of the talent market will become an unavoidable problem in the industry.

Blockchain majors are sought after by students

In 2020, Chengdu University of Information Technology will become the first domestic undergraduate college to apply for and be approved to open a major in blockchain engineering. In 2021, 14 universities including Shanxi Energy University, Zhejiang Wanli University, and Anhui University of Science and Technology will also offer blockchain engineering majors.

The setting of blockchain-related majors comes from the huge demand of the industry.

Wu Zhixue, deputy dean of the Blockchain Industry College of Chengdu University of Information Science and Technology, said to Lianxin: “In the beginning, companies had a demand, and they took the initiative to find us, hoping that we can cultivate some talents in blockchain for the society.”

It is precisely because of social needs and the country’s continuous introduction of guidelines for the development of blockchain that Chengdu University of Information Technology actively applied to the Ministry of Education for the establishment of the “Blockchain Engineering” major, and ushered in the first batch of new students in 2020.

“Last year, the planned enrollment number was 180. Later, 10 students transferred from other majors. The number of students in the first year was expanded to 190.” Wu Zhixue revealed to Lianxin that after the opening of the blockchain engineering major, It has been welcomed by many students. In order to meet the needs of more students for blockchain knowledge, Chengdu University of Information Technology has also opened many elective courses for other non-major students to understand blockchain knowledge.

A more impressive salary is also the reason why students are willing to choose a blockchain major. The “New Infrastructure Talent Report 2020” shows that the average monthly salary of blockchain development-related positions has reached 19,222 yuan, which is higher than the average salary of the new infrastructure industry The level is 17,895 yuan.

In addition to the above-mentioned schools that set up independent disciplines, many domestic universities, including Tsinghua University and Central University of Finance and Economics, have also opened blockchain-related courses, such as blockchain and cryptography, blockchain and smart economy.

According to the “China’s Blockchain Talent Education and Development Status (2020)”, as of 2020, at least 36 domestic colleges and universities have launched blockchain teaching and research by opening credit courses and laboratories.

The major of blockchain engineering is a discipline that comes from practice, and it is very practical. Enterprises, schools, and even students themselves all attach great importance to practical ability.

“Blockchain is a technology that requires very high engineering coding capabilities. Enterprises need talents with strong hands-on capabilities.” Beijing Zhongxiangbit Technology Co., Ltd. In an interview with New, it expressed its requirements for practitioners from the perspective of the enterprise.

In view of this, colleges and universities currently focus on the cultivation of practical ability for blockchain talents.

According to Wu Zhixue, the current curriculum design of the Blockchain Engineering major of Chengdu University of Information Technology is mainly divided into four layers: the first layer is a general education course that meets the requirements of the national academic qualification assessment; the second layer is the basic course of computer programming; the third layer is Blockchain-related cryptography, distributed systems and other professional basic courses; the fourth layer involves practice-related professional courses such as the bottom development of the alliance chain and the deployment of smart contracts.

“Each semester we will come up with some projects based on industry applications, according to students’ preferences, let students focus on the development and practice of projects, such as some in agriculture, some in social governance and other directions.” Wu Zhixue revealed.

Even though the school has designed many practical courses, Wu Zhixue was surprised by the students’ enthusiasm for practice.

“Many students’ enthusiasm for learning is surprising. Although we are only in the third semester, it is generally felt that students are anxious to do blockchain application development, and they can’t wait to learn how to use blockchain immediately Build your own things on the platform.” Wu Zhixue revealed that in order to encourage the enthusiasm of students, the school also deliberately held a blockchain technology application contest for college students in Sichuan Province this year.

Teacher shortage

“Chain New” has seen announcements on the recruitment of teachers in the blockchain field by universities on multiple university websites. Graduation in related majors and doctoral degrees are the criteria for recruiting blockchain teachers in many universities.

Majors related to blockchain basically revolve around cryptography, privacy computing, software engineering and other fields. Doctors in these majors are scarce resources in China, and various Internet companies provide more favorable conditions for such talents.

“The pressure of recruitment is still relatively high.” Wu Zhixue said frankly.

On the one hand, it is the rigid requirements of colleges and universities for teachers’ academic qualifications, on the other hand, it is the urgent needs of schools for cultivating talents. How to balance these two contradictions is a major difficulty for colleges and universities to develop blockchain professional work.

The current solution of Chengdu University of Information Technology is to attract more high-quality teachers by improving the requirements for work experience, lowering the rigid requirements for academic qualifications, and increasing the remuneration of teachers; Training enables them to be competent for the teaching tasks of blockchain courses to alleviate the shortage of teachers.

In addition, school-enterprise cooperation is also a direction to solve the shortage of teacher resources.

Many entrepreneurs or executives in the blockchain field are themselves excellent industry experts. Well-known entrepreneurs in the industry, such as Yuan Dao, chairman of 21Vianet Group, and Yan Ting, founder of Zhongxiangbit, have all participated in teaching in the field of blockchain in universities.

Wu Zhixue said: “Teachers from companies have given the school a lot of help from the perspective of curriculum settings, because blockchain itself is a practice-based profession, and it is very much in need of corporate practical experience.” 

Fierce competition for talent

According to the “Future Blockchain Industry Development Report 2021”, “Currently, there are 75,000 blockchain-related companies in my country” and “From July 2020 to June 2021, newly established domestic blockchain companies Up to 37,000”.

With the rapid increase in the number of enterprises, the society’s demand for blockchain talents has exploded. According to the “New Infrastructure Talents Report 2020” released by Lagou Big Data Research Institute: “In 2020, among industries related to new infrastructure construction, the demand for talents in the blockchain industry will increase by 67%, which is the highest in new infrastructure related industries. .”

“Lianxin” learned from many companies that, for companies, they are currently facing a lack of talent. The shortage of talents and fierce competition are the main reasons for the panic in the employment of blockchain companies.

“On the one hand, the blockchain industry is an emerging industry, with no disciplinary foundation before, and there are not many ready-made talents available; on the other hand, the competition for software programming talents in the market is fierce, and major manufacturers are also vying for talents.” Luo Xiao, CEO of Hangzhou Yulian Technology Co., Ltd., said when explaining the current employment dilemma.

“China’s Blockchain Talent Education and Development Status (2020)” shows: “Small companies are still the main recruiters, but in 2020, large companies will replace micro-enterprises, and the proportion of recruitment will rank second.”

The entry of more and more large enterprises has intensified the competition for talents in the blockchain industry. The supply of talents from colleges and universities cannot solve the immediate needs of enterprises. At present, most enterprises use traditional software technology talents to conduct blockchain-related knowledge. Training to transform talents.

From a disciplinary point of view, the final degrees awarded by software engineering and blockchain engineering are both Bachelor of Engineering, and the programming skills required by the two are the same. What is needed is for practitioners to have a blockchain thinking.

“At present, there is a large talent gap and it is very difficult to recruit people. We are more inclined to recruit employees with a certain foundation of software programming technology, and then teach them relevant knowledge of blockchain skills through company training.” Yan Tingxiang “Chain “New” said when it revealed the current plan of Zhongxiangbit to solve the talent gap.

But even so, the pressure of recruitment is still widespread.

“First of all, there are not many talents who understand blockchain, and the blockchain industry will also involve new technologies such as privacy computing and cryptography, and even fewer people understand.” Luo Xiao revealed.

Under the shortage of talents, the income of blockchain talents is rising.

“China’s Blockchain Talent Education and Development Status (2020)” shows that as the scale of enterprises increases, industry salaries have generally increased, with the scale of enterprises ranging from micro to giant, with an average monthly salary of 17,800 to 32,400.

High income has also led to related skill training courses. “China’s Blockchain Talent Education and Development Status (2020)” shows that the average price of blockchain-related offline training courses will reach 90,000 yuan in 2020.

But companies do not value these training certificates.

Luo Xiao said frankly: “We don’t pay much attention to whether applicants have certificates or not. We still measure it in the company’s own way. After all, most training institutions train according to the minimum standards of talents, which may be useful for companies with less technical requirements. , We still pay more attention to practical operation capabilities.” 

 

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