The power of knowledge

It is said that British philosopher Bacon wrote in his unpublished “Meditations”, ipsa scientia potestas est. This sentence is Latin. Translated, “Knowledge is power.” My impression is about vaguely remembered, there is often such a sentence in the classroom of elementary school, or junior high school, or in the hallway. But when I think about it, I don’t know if I saw it with my own eyes or heard it.

Speaking of this well-known saying, although it has long been familiar, but its true meaning has never been understood. Why is knowledge power? How can knowledge become power? After studying for so many years and learning so many physics and chemistry, in the end, it was not the discovery of the truth of society: power has power, money has power, and even appearance is more powerful than knowledge. No matter how much knowledge he has, it is also a job to work for the real power. Does knowledge really have power, or even power?

Many people collapsed in the process of changing their worldviews. They denied it and reconstructed it based on a compromise with society. People deny knowledge, so they say, “Study earnestly on returning to poverty, and get rich without a brain.” This kind of anti-intellectual investment speech and thought condense all the disillusionment of the collapsed leeks in the face of the unpredictable market, just like the self-denial of Homo sapiens thousands of years ago in the face of the swaying natural power of the mountains.

Human beings were shocked by the power of nature, so they invented religion. Religion is the relief of self-ignorance and the denial of this ignorance. But people still suffer from ignorance, and suffering is not eliminated by relief and denial.

If people want to eliminate their suffering, they must do the opposite, criticizing such relief and denial. To criticize ignorance is to admit ignorance. Only by acknowledging ignorance can we “know shame and courage”, begin to explore the power of knowledge, and master the method of mastering this power.

I am not a sportsman. Exercising is also a boring short-distance run. As for all kinds of balls, they don’t know how to play. This year, I have a chance to play badminton. Because it’s just exercise and entertainment, so I fight it all on my own ignorance. After playing for a period of time, I discovered that the wrist holding the racket is easy to sore, and the power to return the ball is very poor, it is difficult to hit the opponent’s bottom line from his own bottom line.

Thinking and analyzing this problem. The power of hitting is a comprehensive problem. The flexibility of the string, the posture of the swing, the method of exerting force, and the strength of the muscles all affect whether a ball is played vigorously and high. Many people think that their lack of strength is because their muscles are not strong enough, so they practice muscle strength. But this is obviously a headache to treat the head and feet to treat the feet. The badminton itself is so light, and intuitively feels that the shot lacks strength. The high probability is not that the muscle strength is not enough, but first of all, it is not the correct way to master the force. Especially for a layman like me.

So at the end of September and the beginning of October, that is , during the period when Bitcoin regained its footsteps in September, I briefly learned about the badminton technique. I found a key point, that is, the power of badminton is not relying on the flexion and extension of the wrist, but the rotation of the wrist. In other words, the soreness of the wrist itself shows that the wrist is flexed and stretched to swing, and it is the wrong method. Just like the loss of investment, it itself shows the error of the investment method.

After understanding this key knowledge, and then after simple practice and correction, I obviously feel that the swing has been fundamentally improved. This most basic improvement has given me significant and comprehensive improvements in serving, returning, backhand, forehand, and running. The ball is easier to play, but it is more powerful.

From this trivial matter, I deeply felt the power of knowledge.

Marx wrote an extremely classic sentence in “Introduction to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Law” (1843), which was widely quoted by countless people. However, this quote has also been widely misunderstood. This sentence is, “The weapon of criticism cannot replace the criticism of the weapon.” The weapon of criticism refers to theory, knowledge, and pen. Criticism of weapons refers to action, power, and gun. The misunderstanding is that just by reading such a famous sentence that misses a word, we will mistakenly think that Marx is emphasizing the importance of material power. This may be due to a natural prejudice against materialism. But if we read the original text, we will find that on the contrary, Marx’s original words emphasize the importance of theoretical knowledge.

The original saying goes like this: “Of course, weapons of criticism cannot replace criticism of weapons. Material forces can only be destroyed by material forces; but once theories have mastered the masses, they will also become material forces. “

Note that “of course”. Note that the whole sentence is a transition sentence of “although…but…”. The first clause is an inverted causal sentence. Disassembling the understanding is: First of all, because only material power can fight against material power, just like the badminton played by the opponent can only be hit back with a strong hit, so of course, theoretical knowledge cannot replace material power, just like badminton. The theoretical knowledge of force is certainly not a substitute for a powerful shot. Secondly, although theoretical knowledge cannot replace material power, once the theory becomes a consensus, captures the hearts of the masses, and mobilizes the masses, it will become a powerful material force, just like the theoretical knowledge of badminton power once practiced and mastered. With the muscles, it will become the real power to hit the badminton.

This understanding is obviously correct. Because Marx clearly pointed out in the next paragraph that he was expounding the meaning and value of the theory. His original text reads like this: “Even from a historical point of view, the liberation of theory is of special practical significance to Germany. The past of the German revolution is theoretical, and this is the religious reform. Just as the revolution at the time was based on The minds of monks began to be the same, and modern revolutions started from the minds of philosophers.”

Therefore, materialism certainly attaches importance to material power, but it should be understood that the source of this power can only be the broadest masses of the people, the masses of the people controlled by theory.

This kind of power is scattered and stored in the hands of the broad masses of people. If there is no theory, it cannot be gathered to become the most powerful material force. And this kind of theoretical revolution that can control the masses starts from the (philosopher’s) mind. The brain of the west, the heart of the east. The power of the heart is not in the ignorance of the foolish people, but in the awakening of consensus.

So, how can theory master the masses? What kind of theory can master the masses?

The next two sentences answer these two questions separately. These two sentences are: ” As long as the theory persuades people, it can control the masses; and as long as the theory is thorough, it can persuade people. “

What kind of theory is called thorough? “The so-called thoroughness is to grasp the root of things. “

The essence of badminton swing is to use the rotation of the wrist, not the flexion and extension of the wrist. However, when cryptocurrency was put forward as the concept of protecting privacy and fighting against power in 1993 (“Cypherpunk Manifesto”), it did not grasp the masses. Until 2008 (“Bitcoin: A Point-to-Point Electronic Cash System”), as the “electronic gold” that preserves and increases the value of personal wealth and fights inflation, did it grasp the fundamentals of cryptocurrency, grasp the hearts of the people, and master the masses .

In the final analysis, to grasp the masses and grasp the hearts of the people is to return to the simplest principle and treat everyone as a human being. In this society, there are many people who are flattering and bullying; there are not many people who can always calm down and treat everyone as human beings. So Marx continued to write: ” But the essence of man is man himself. “

In the Marxist theoretical system, personal property is not private property. The elimination of private property does not mean the deprivation of personal property. On the contrary, wanton use of public power, deprivation of personal property, and declaration of currency holdings are against the fundamentals of man and betray Marxism from the very root.

In modern times, the most magnificent case of looting personal property was precisely the “6102” executive order issued by President Roosevelt on April 5, 1933. The mandatory confiscation of gold and the ensuing order to depreciate the U.S. dollar by 40% overnight ransacked the personal wealth of the American people. Therefore, the birthday date that Satoshi Nakamoto, the inventor of Bitcoin, filled in when he registered for his personal blog was April 5th.

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