Read the “Guidance on accelerating the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development” (with full text)

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Office of the Central Committee for Network Security and Informatization recently jointly issued the “Guidance on Accelerating the Promotion of Blockchain Technology Applications and Industrial Development”.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Office of the Central Committee for Network Security and Informatization recently jointly issued “Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Promotion of Blockchain Technology Applications and Industrial Development” (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Lianxinfa [2021] No. 62) (hereinafter referred to as “Guiding Opinions”). It is clear that by 2025, the comprehensive strength of blockchain industry will reach the world advanced level and the industry will take shape. Blockchain applications penetrate into many fields of economy and society, cultivate a number of well-known products in such fields as product traceability, data circulation and supply chain management, and form scenario-based demonstration applications. Cultivate 3~5 internationally competitive backbone enterprises and a number of innovation-leading enterprises, and create 3~5 blockchain industry development clusters. Preliminary establishment of blockchain standard system. Formation of a professional talent team to support industrial development, and basic improvement of blockchain industrial ecology. Blockchain effectively supports the manufacturing power, network power and digital China strategy, and plays an important role in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. By 2030, the comprehensive strength of blockchain industry will continue to improve, and the scale of the industry will further grow. Blockchain and the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technology deep integration, in various fields to achieve universal application, cultivate the formation of a number of international leading level of enterprises and industrial clusters, the industrial ecosystem tends to improve. Blockchain has become an important support for building a strong manufacturing country and a strong network country, developing a digital economy and modernizing the national governance system and governance capacity.

The relevant contents of the “Guiding Opinions” are interpreted as follows.

What is blockchain? Why should the “Guiding Opinions” be issued?

Blockchain is an important part of the new generation of information technology, a new type of database software integrated with distributed networks, cryptography, smart contracts and other technologies. In recent years, blockchain technology and industry have been developing rapidly around the world, and the application has been extended to many fields such as digital finance, Internet of Things, intelligent manufacturing, supply chain management and digital asset trading, showing a broad application prospect.

The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the development of blockchain technology and industry.On October 24, 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed during the 18th collective study of the Central Political Bureau that “blockchain should be taken as an important breakthrough in the independent innovation of core technologies, clarify the main direction of attack, increase investment, focus on conquering a number of key core technologies, and accelerate the promotion of blockchain technology and industrial innovation. Industry innovation and development”. In the Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan and 2035 Vision for the National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China, blockchain is considered as one of the emerging digital industries, and it is proposed to develop blockchain service platforms and application solutions in the fields of financial technology, supply chain finance and government services with the focus on alliance chain.

At present, China’s blockchain technology application and industry have already had a good development foundation, and a number of representative blockchain applications have emerged in such fields as anti-counterfeiting and traceability, supply chain management, judicial deposit, government data sharing and livelihood services. The initial role of blockchain in supporting China’s economic and social development has emerged. However, at the same time, China’s blockchain also faces problems such as the urgent need for breakthrough in core technology, immature integration application, industrial ecology to be improved, and obvious shortage of talent reserve.

The introduction of “Guiding Opinions” will help further strengthen the foundation of China’s blockchain development, accelerate the scale of technology application, build a blockchain industry ecosystem with world advanced level, and achieve leapfrog development.

What is the overall positioning of the Guiding Opinions?

The general idea of the Guidance is to take Xi Jinping’s thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era as the guide, base on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote the construction of an advanced blockchain industry system. The overall positioning is based on three main considerations.

First, focus on the synergy with the overall development strategy of the country. To strengthen the synergy with national major development strategies such as manufacturing power, network power and digital China, to cultivate products and enterprises with international competitiveness as the goal, to deepen the integration of applications in the real economy and public services as the path, to take the initiative to plan, to seize the opportunity, to realize the advanced industrial base and modernization of the industrial chain, and to promote the overall leap in industrial competitiveness and leapfrog development.

Secondly, we should accurately grasp the opportunities and challenges of blockchain development. At present, the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change is further deepened, and major countries around the world are accelerating the layout of blockchain technology development. China has a strong domestic market and rich application scenarios, and has a good foundation in the field of blockchain, especially the rapid development of the alliance chain, but still faces challenges such as industry applications to be deepened, the industrial foundation still needs to be consolidated, and ecological cultivation needs to be strengthened. Need to focus on solving the key problems that limit industrial development, and strive to promote China’s new industrial advantage in the field of blockchain.

Third, it highlights the promotion of high-quality economic and social development. Seize the opportunity of blockchain technology integration, function expansion and industry segmentation, select supply chain management, product traceability, data sharing and other integration application scenarios and public service areas such as government services, evidence deposition and forensics, smart cities, etc., encourage blockchain technology applications, create a number of typical model cases, form demonstration-driven effects and achieve large-scale development.

What initiatives have been proposed in the Guiding Opinions to deepen the application of the industry? 

At present, there is still a shortage of application cases of blockchain available for large-scale commercial promotion. On the one hand, blockchain technology has not yet matured and is still evolving rapidly; on the other hand, the characteristics of blockchain determine its application to specific scenarios, which require further in-depth integration with application scenarios. Therefore, there is an urgent need to combine the technical characteristics of blockchain, select areas suitable for application, drive the accelerated maturity of blockchain technology, promote the iterative upgrading of technical products, and form a source to promote industrial development.

The Guidance deploys two key tasks, one is to play the role of blockchain in optimizing business processes, reducing operational costs and building a credible system, focusing on supply chain management, product traceability, data sharing and other areas of the real economy, promoting the integration of blockchain applications, supporting the digital transformation of industries and high-quality industrial development; the second is to promote the application of blockchain technology in public services such as government services, forensics and smart cities, accelerating application innovation and supporting the transparency, equality and accuracy of public services.

Regarding the consolidation of blockchain industry foundation, from which aspects will the “Guiding Opinions” start?

The Guidance focuses on the standard system, technology platform, quality brand, network security, intellectual property rights and other aspects to collaboratively enhance the industry’s basic capabilities. These include promoting the construction of blockchain standardization organizations and establishing a blockchain standard system; strengthening technological research in key areas, building a blockchain underlying platform and creating a blockchain infrastructure; encouraging enterprises to strengthen quality management and build a blockchain product and service quality assurance system; strengthening the construction of blockchain infrastructure and service security protection capacity; and cultivating a number of high-value patents, trademarks and software copyrights.

How is the layout of the Guiding Opinions on the cultivation of blockchain industry chain?

The “Guiding Opinions” proposes to cultivate a number of blockchain famous products, enterprises and parks, build open source ecology, insist on mending the short board and forging the long board simultaneously, and accelerate the building of a complete blockchain industry chain. Specific initiatives include: building industry-level alliance chains, creating a number of blockchain “famous products” with advanced technology and strong driving effect; cultivating a number of blockchain “famous enterprises” with international competitiveness, cultivating and incubating blockchain startups, and encouraging the creation of unicorn enterprises; combining the “regulatory sandbox” concept with the “blockchain industry” and the “blockchain industry”. “It also supports the construction of blockchain industry “famous parks” in parks with good basic conditions.

What is the current situation of the integration and development of blockchain and other new generation information technology? What is the deployment of the “Guiding Opinions”?

Blockchain needs to be integrated with other new-generation information technologies to achieve complementary advantages and functions in the real economy and other fields. At present, the integration of blockchain and industrial Internet, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, etc. is still in the early stage of development, and the effect of integration application needs to be further activated.

The “Guiding Opinions” proposed to apply blockchain technology in the industrial Internet identification resolution, edge computing, collaborative manufacturing and other links to foster new models and new industries; build a blockchain-based big data service platform to promote compliance and orderly data rights, sharing and circulation; use cloud computing to build blockchain application development, testing and verification and operation and maintenance environment; develop new technologies such as smart contracts based on artificial intelligence, and explore the use of artificial intelligence technology to enhance the operational efficiency and value creation capabilities of the blockchain.

What safeguards are proposed in the Guiding Opinions? How to promote the implementation of the next step?

The “Guiding Opinions” put forward six safeguards to actively promote the application of pilot, increase policy support, guide localities to accelerate exploration, build public service systems, strengthen industrial talent training, and deepen international exchange and cooperation, providing local authorities with the means and grasp of work.

The next step will mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties to accelerate the implementation of the “Guiding Opinions”.

(A) the organization of training. For local industry and information technology authorities, blockchain technology and service providers, user enterprises, etc., detailed interpretation and dissemination of the content of the “Guidance”, the relevant training courses and seminars.

(ii) Establish a working mechanism. Establish a collaborative working mechanism, and the competent departments of industry and information technology around the good docking, strengthen coordination and cooperation to ensure that key tasks in place.

(C) task decomposition and implementation. Formulate the formation of landing, executable key tasks division of labor table and time roadmap, clear responsibility for promoting. Strengthen communication with local authorities, timely summary of the formation of experience, the formation of a model to drive.

Read the "Guidance on accelerating the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development" (with full text)

The following is the full text of the Guiding Opinions

Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Central Network Security and Information Technology Commission Office on accelerating the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development guidance
Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and municipalities under the central plan, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, the competent departments of industry and information technology, network information committee.

Blockchain is an important part of the new generation of information technology, a new type of database software integrated with distributed networks, cryptography, smart contracts and other technologies, which is expected to solve the trust and security problems in cyberspace by making data transparent, not easily tampered with and traceable, promote the change of the Internet from transmitting information to transmitting value, and reconstruct the information industry system. To implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the 18th collective study of the Central Political Bureau, play an important role in the industrial transformation of blockchain, promote the deep integration of blockchain and economic and social, accelerate the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development, the following views are proposed.

I. General requirements

(A) guiding ideology

Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era, thoroughly implement the 19th CPC National Congress and the spirit of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 19th CPC Central Committee, base on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, focus on the strategic deployment of a strong manufacturing country and a strong network country, aim to cultivate internationally competitive products and enterprises, deepen the application of integration in the real economy and public services As a path, strengthen technical research and development, solidify industrial foundation, grow industrial bodies, cultivate good ecology, and realize advanced industrial foundation and modernization of industrial chain. Promote the integration and development of blockchain and the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technology, and build an advanced blockchain industry system.

(II) Basic principles

Application traction. Take advantage of the market, take the application demand as the guide, actively expand the application scenario, promote the application of blockchain in key industries and fields, and drive the iterative upgrading of technical products and the continuous improvement of industrial ecology with large-scale applications.

Innovation-driven. Insist on taking blockchain as an important breakthrough in independent innovation of core technology, clarify the main direction, increase investment, promote collaborative research, and enhance the innovation capability; insist on making up the short board and forging the long board simultaneously, and promote the industry to accelerate the march to the middle and high end of the value chain.

Ecological cultivation. Give full play to the main role of enterprises in the development of block chain, accelerate the cultivation of products and enterprises with international competitiveness, build advanced industrial chains, and create a multi-win industrial system.

Multi-party collaboration. Promote the integration of all parties in the industry, academia, research and gold, and promote the quick and effective allocation of resource elements. Strengthen the synergy and interaction of government, enterprises, universities and research institutions, and explore new modes of win-win cooperation.

Safety and order. Adhere to the development and security at the same time, accurately grasp the law of industrial development of blockchain technology, strengthen policy coordination and standards guidance, strengthen security technology security capacity building, and achieve scientific development of blockchain industry.

(C) Development Goals

By 2025, the comprehensive strength of blockchain industry will reach the world’s advanced level and the industry will take shape. Blockchain applications penetrate into many fields of economy and society, cultivate a number of well-known products in such fields as product traceability, data circulation and supply chain management, and form scenario-based demonstration applications. Cultivate 3~5 internationally competitive backbone enterprises and a number of innovation-leading enterprises, and create 3~5 blockchain industry development clusters. Preliminary establishment of blockchain standard system. Formation of a professional talent team to support industrial development, and basic improvement of blockchain industrial ecology. Blockchain effectively supports the manufacturing power, network power and digital China strategy, and plays an important role in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

By 2030, the comprehensive strength of blockchain industry will continue to improve, and the scale of the industry will further grow. Blockchain and the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technology deep integration, in various fields to achieve universal application, cultivate the formation of a number of international leading level of enterprises and industrial clusters, the industrial ecosystem tends to improve. Blockchain has become an important support for building a strong manufacturing country and a strong network, developing a digital economy, and modernizing the national governance system and governance capacity.

II. Key tasks

(A) to empower the real economy

  1. Deepen the integration of applications. Play the role of blockchain in optimizing business processes, reducing operating costs, building a credible system, fostering new models, new industries, supporting digital transformation and high-quality industrial development.
  2. Supply chain management. Promote enterprises to build blockchain-based supply chain management platforms, integrate logistics, information flow and capital flow, improve supply chain efficiency, and reduce business risks and costs. Build a new collaborative production system and production capacity sharing platform through smart contracts and other technologies to improve the level of supply chain collaboration.
  3. Product traceability. In the fields of food and medicine, key components and equipment manufacturing, blockchain is used to establish a product traceability system covering raw material suppliers, manufacturers, testing institutions, users and other parties, to accelerate the visualization of product data and the transparency of the flow process, to realize the tracking and traceability of the whole life cycle, and to improve quality management and service level.
  4. Data sharing. Use blockchain to break data silos, realize traceability of data collection, sharing and analysis process, promote data sharing and value-added applications, and promote innovation of digital economy model. Use blockchain to build a credit data platform covering multiple parties and innovate the construction of social integrity system.

(II) Enhance public services

  1. Promote application innovation. Promote the application of blockchain technology in the fields of digital identity, data storage, urban governance and other public services to support the transparency, equality and accuracy of public services and improve the quality of life of the people.
  2. Government services. Establish a government data sharing platform based on blockchain technology, promote the common maintenance and utilization of government data across departments and regions, carry out applications in public services such as education and employment, medical and health care, and public welfare assistance, promote collaborative business processing, deepen the “one-stop-shop” reform, and bring better government service experience to the people.
  3. Evidence collection. Use blockchain to establish digital credible proof, and establish a new type of deposition and evidence collection mechanism in judicial deposition, real estate registration, administrative law enforcement and other fields. Take advantage of blockchain in the field of copyright protection to improve the management of digital copyright verification, authorization and maintenance.
  4. Smart City. Use blockchain to promote interconnection and orderly flow of production factors in information, capital, talent and credit among cities. Deepen the application of blockchain in the field of information infrastructure construction, realize cross-sector and cross-industry intensive deployment and common construction and sharing, and support the construction of smart cities.

(C) consolidate the industrial foundation

  1. Adhere to the standard leading. Promote the construction of blockchain standardization organizations and establish a blockchain standard system. Accelerate the development of key and urgent standards, encourage the development of group standards, in-depth promotion of standards, and promote the implementation of standards on the ground. Actively participate in blockchain global standardization activities and international standard setting.
  2. Build the underlying platform. Strengthen technical research in key areas such as distributed computing and storage, cryptographic algorithms, consensus mechanisms, smart contracts, etc., and build a blockchain underlying platform. Support the use of sensors, trusted networks, software and hardware combination and other technologies to strengthen the synergy of data on and off the chain. Promote the integration of blockchain and other new generation information technology to create a secure and controllable, cross-chain compatible blockchain infrastructure.
  3. Cultivate quality brands. Encourage blockchain enterprises to strengthen quality management, promote advanced quality engineering technologies and methods, and improve code quality and development efficiency. Develop third-party quality assessment services and build a quality assurance system for blockchain products and services. Guide enterprises to take the initiative to comply with standards and carry out quality brand building activities.
  4. Strengthen network security. Strengthen the blockchain infrastructure and service security protection capacity building, and regularly carry out the assessment and analysis of blockchain technology on security risks in key areas. Guide enterprises to strengthen industry self-regulation, establish risk prevention and control mechanisms and technical preventive measures, and implement the main responsibility for security.
  5. Protect intellectual property rights. Strengthen the management of blockchain intellectual property rights, cultivate a number of high-value patents, trademarks and software copyrights, and form a competitive intellectual property system. Encourage enterprises to explore the establishment of common protection mechanisms for intellectual property rights through blockchain patent pools, intellectual property alliances and other modes.

(IV) Build modern industrial chain

  1. Research and development of blockchain “famous products”. Integrate the professional power of industry, academia, research and use to carry out research and development of blockchain products, and make efforts to improve the level of product innovation. For anti-counterfeiting and traceability, data sharing, supply chain management, evidence collection and other fields, build a number of industry-level alliance chains, increase the application and promotion efforts, and create a number of blockchain “famous products” with advanced technology and strong driving effect.
  2. Cultivate blockchain “famous enterprises”. Coordinate resources such as policy, market and capital to cultivate a number of blockchain “famous enterprises” with international competitiveness and play a leading role in demonstration. Improve the innovation and entrepreneurship environment, cultivate and incubate blockchain startups; encourage deep plowing in niche areas, take the path of professional development, and create a number of unicorn enterprises. Guide large enterprises to open up resources, provide infrastructure for small and medium-sized enterprises, and build an industrial ecology of multi-party collaboration and mutual benefit.
  3. Create a “famous park” of blockchain. Encourage localities to combine resource endowments, highlight regional characteristics and advantages, and create pioneering areas for blockchain development according to the concept of “regulatory sandbox”. Support parks with good basic conditions to build blockchain industry “famous parks”, optimize the allocation of industrial factors such as policies, talents and applications, and support the development of blockchain enterprises by opening application scenarios.
  4. Establish open source ecology. Accelerate the construction of blockchain open source community, and cultivate a number of high-quality open source projects around the underlying platform, application development framework, testing tools, etc. Improve the blockchain open source promotion mechanism, widely gather developers and user resources, vigorously promote mature open source products and application solutions, and build a new ecology of benign interactive open source communities.
  5. Improve the industrial chain. Insist on mending the short board and forging the long board, carry out strong chain mending and build a modern industrial chain. For weak links, organize upstream and downstream enterprises to collaborate in research and development, and consolidate the industrial foundation; establish an advanced industrial chain management system to enhance the resilience of the industrial chain.

(E) promote the development of integration

  1. Promote “blockchain + industrial Internet”. Promote the integration of blockchain and logo resolution innovation, build a blockchain infrastructure based on logo resolution, enhance the “platform + blockchain” technology integration application capabilities, to create a new model of industrial Internet based on blockchain technology, new business models.
  2. Promote “blockchain + big data”. Accelerate the construction of a blockchain-based authentication and traceability big data service platform, promote the compliance and orderly determination, sharing and flow of data, and fully release the value of data resources. Develop blockchain-based data management, analysis applications, etc. to enhance the management and application of big data.
  3. Promote “blockchain + cloud computing”. Build a blockchain application development, testing and verification and operation and maintenance environment based on cloud computing, provide flexible, easy-to-use and scalable support for blockchain applications, and lower the threshold of blockchain application development.
  4. Promote “blockchain + artificial intelligence”. Develop blockchain-based artificial intelligence training, algorithm sharing and other technologies and methods, and promote the development of distributed artificial intelligence model. Explore the use of artificial intelligence technology to improve the efficiency of blockchain operations and the intelligence of inter-node collaboration.

III. Guarantee measures

(A) actively promote the application of pilot

Support places with a certain industrial base, for the real economy and livelihood services and other key areas, select mature application scenarios, select a number of units with strong promotional capabilities to carry out blockchain application pilot, the formation of a number of blockchain underlying platform, products and services with good application results.

(B) increase policy support

Rely on national industrial development projects to support the development of blockchain industry. Enrich industry applications by organizing blockchain competitions and other means. Support eligible blockchain enterprises to enjoy preferential software tax policies. Explore the use of the first edition of insurance compensation, government procurement and other policies to promote the large-scale application of blockchain research and development results.

(C) guide localities to accelerate exploration

Encourage localities to study and formulate policies and measures to support the development of blockchain industry based on the actual situation, strengthen the elements of industrial development in terms of land, investment and financing, talents, etc., and establish a blockchain product pool and enterprise pool. Support the creation of “China Software Park” in the pioneer area of blockchain development.

(IV) Build public service system

Support professional service institutions to develop blockchain training, testing and certification, investment and financing services, and improve the public service system of the industry. Strengthen the construction of entrepreneurship and innovation carriers, accelerate the incubation of various innovative blockchain enterprises, and support the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises.

(V) Strengthen the training of industrial talents

Relying on the construction of “new engineering” and characteristic demonstration software colleges, support colleges and universities to set blockchain professional courses and carry out blockchain professional education. Strengthen blockchain vocational and technical education by building talent training bases and other means. Cultivate industry-leading talents and high-level innovation teams, and form a number of “celebrities” in the field of blockchain.

(6) Deepen international exchange and cooperation

Focusing on the strategic deployment of “One Belt and One Road”, we will build an international cooperation and exchange platform for blockchain, and strengthen international cooperation on blockchain in such fields as technical standards, open source communities and talent training. Encourage enterprises to expand international exchange and cooperation channels, and enhance the level and level of international development.

Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

Office of the Central Committee for Network Security and Informatization

May 27, 2021

Posted by:CoinYuppie,Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/read-the-guidance-on-accelerating-the-promotion-of-blockchain-technology-applications-and-industrial-development-with-full-text/
Coinyuppie is an open information publishing platform, all information provided is not related to the views and positions of coinyuppie, and does not constitute any investment and financial advice. Users are expected to carefully screen and prevent risks.

Like (0)
Donate Buy me a coffee Buy me a coffee
Previous 2021-06-08 05:24
Next 2021-06-08 05:29

Related articles