Starting today, the “People’s Daily” has successively launched a series of observation editions of “Accelerating Digital Development and Building a Digital China”. This journal publishes 3 articles to analyze and elaborate on “creating new advantages in the digital economy”.
1. Create new advantages in the digital economy (people’s observation): During the “14th Five-Year Plan” and a period in the future, we must fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, seize opportunities for the development of the digital economy, strengthen the core capabilities of the development of the digital economy, and improve The quality of the development of the digital economy will further create new advantages in China’s digital economy.
2. China’s digital economy has broad development prospects: the new generation of information technology and energy technology, represented by digital technology, are cross-integrated, and the digital economy presents broad application prospects in the field of green and low-carbon development. The development of the digital economy provides a key path for China to achieve green and low-carbon development in the process of industrialization.
3. Accelerate the promotion of digital industrialization and industrial digitization in accordance with the general trend of technological revolution and industrial transformation.
The following is the entire content of “Building New Advantages in the Digital Economy”.
Create new advantages in the digital economy (People’s Watch)
Shi Dan Li Xiaohua
“People’s Daily” (09th edition on October 15, 2021)
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “We must focus on leading industries, accelerate the cultivation of emerging industries, transform and upgrade traditional industries, develop modern service industries, and seize opportunities for the development of the digital economy.” In recent years, with cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, and mobile Emerging digital technologies represented by the Internet and artificial intelligence are developing rapidly, accelerating their maturity and commercial transformation, and the digital economy has become the most active, innovative, growing, and influential industrial field in economic development. China’s digital economy is at the forefront of the world in terms of industrial scale, technological level, platform influence, and the number of unicorn companies, and its role as an engine of economic growth continues to increase. During the “14th Five-Year Plan” and a period in the future, we must fully, accurately and fully implement the new development concept, seize the opportunities for the development of the digital economy, enhance the core capabilities of the development of the digital economy, improve the quality of the development of the digital economy, and further create new advantages in the digital economy of our country .
The status quo and trends of the global digital economy
In the early 1990s, with the successive completion of the ICP /IP protocol and the World Wide Web (World Wide Web) protocol, the Internet began a rapid pace of commercialization. Various new business models and Internet services were developed and introduced to the market. A large number of Internet companies. In response to this phenomenon, some scholars have put forward the concept of “digital economy”. After the outbreak of the international financial crisis in 2008, with the popularization of 3G mobile communication networks and the emergence of mobile smart terminals, the development of the digital economy has entered the mobile phase, and new business models and models such as the sharing economy and platform economy have grown rapidly. In recent years, as big data, cloud computing, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and other technologies have developed and entered commercial applications, the enabling role of digital technology has been further strengthened, and the penetration of various industries in the national economy has been accelerated, and the economy has been digitized and networked. , Transformation in the direction of intelligence. The scale and scope of the digital economy have been greatly expanded, covering a wealth of products, services, business models, formats and industries supported by digital technology and data as an important production factor. Driven by its own internal development laws and policies of various countries, the development of the digital economy presents the following characteristics and trends.
Disruptive innovation occurs frequently. The technological innovation of traditional industries is dominated by gradual incremental innovation, and the dominant technology will remain for a long time after the emergence of the dominant technology. At present, a new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation represented by digital technology is advancing by leaps and bounds. The digital economy is constantly producing new technologies and entering the stage of engineering and commercialization, and some more cutting-edge technologies are gestating and gaining momentum. . The maturity and application of new technologies has given birth to new products, new models, and new business formats, which have impacted and replaced original products, models, and business formats, and have also driven a number of emerging companies to grow rapidly in new fields, and have had an impact on existing industries. The industrial competition pattern has been reconstructed.
The industry’s enabling role has been enhanced. Digital technology is a typical general purpose technology that can be widely used in various industries in the national economy. With the continuous improvement of digital infrastructure, the continuous maturity of new-generation digital technologies such as the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence, the accelerated integration of digital technologies with various industries in the national economy has further strengthened the enabling role of the industry and profound changes in the combination of elements, organizational structure, and production of enterprises Ways, business processes, business models, customer relationships, product forms, etc., to accelerate the process of quality change, efficiency change, and power change in various industries.
Competition in the global technology industry has intensified. In recent years, major countries in the world have spared no effort to strengthen their layout in digital technology innovation, technical standards and international rule-making, seeking to seize opportunities in the global digital economy competition. On the one hand, the digital economy is growing fast and has great development potential, and it has increasingly become an important driving force for the economic development of various countries and an important pillar of the national economy. On the other hand, a new generation of information technology will promote the formation of a society where everything is interconnected and data resources become an important source of value. The control of key digital technologies, equipment, platforms and data is directly related to personal privacy and information security, industrial security, and political security. , National security and other aspects of national security. Therefore, the digital economy has become the focus of global competition.
The governance of the digital economy has been continuously strengthened. While digital technology promotes economic growth, enriches and facilitates people’s lives, it also creates problems such as infringement of personal privacy, platform monopoly and unfair competition, disorderly expansion of capital, and insufficient protection of labor rights. In recent years, the world’s major digital economy powers have begun to strengthen the governance of the digital economy, promote data security legislation, increase anti-monopoly efforts, strengthen scientific and technological ethics, encourage technological advancement, enhance the inclusiveness of the digital economy, and strive to make society better and better. Fully share the fruits of the development of the digital economy.
The international status and advantages of China’s digital economy
In recent years, relying on the domestic ultra-large-scale market, China has accelerated infrastructure construction, strengthened technological innovation, and promoted innovation and entrepreneurship, and promoted the rapid development of China’s digital economy. It has formed obvious advantages in the consumer Internet and other fields, and has become the main force to promote the development of the world’s digital economy. .
The digital infrastructure is complete. China has the world’s largest and most extensive 4G network. The number of 4G base stations accounts for more than half of the total number of 4G base stations in the world. Use it, and can afford the Internet. The construction of big data and cloud computing centers has maintained a momentum of rapid growth, and new infrastructure such as the industrial Internet has developed rapidly, and the supporting functions for the digital development of small and medium-sized enterprises have been continuously enhanced.
The digital economy is large. According to the calculations of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the scale of China’s digital economy in 2020 will be close to 5.4 trillion U.S. dollars, second only to the United States and second in the world. In terms of the core industries of the digital economy, China is the country with the largest value-added scale of computer communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing and the largest export scale of information and communication technology products.
New enterprises were born one after another. Innovation and entrepreneurship in the field of China’s digital economy are very active, and new companies based on new technologies, new products, new models, and new business formats are constantly being born. In terms of business models, China’s original and leading business models have emerged in some areas such as mobile payment. In the subdivisions accepted by the market, some start-ups have developed rapidly, the number of users has grown rapidly, attracted a large amount of investment, and the value of the capital market has continued to increase.
Digital technology is advancing rapidly. The innovation capability of China’s digital economy is rapidly increasing, the number of 5G core patents ranks first in the world, and the commercialization and large-scale application of 5G mobile communication technology is the world leader. Relying on the rapid development of the consumer Internet and massive amounts of data, China’s Internet companies have derived advanced digital technologies such as big data, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence. The number of papers and patents in the field of artificial intelligence ranks among the top in the world. The “Shenwei·Taihuzhiguang” supercomputer is the first time. Realize tens of millions of cores in parallel first-principles calculation simulation, and artificial intelligence technologies such as image recognition and speech recognition are in the forefront of the world. Breakthroughs have been made in cutting-edge technologies such as quantum communication and quantum computing. The “Mozi” has realized non-relayed thousand-kilometer-level quantum key distribution, 76-photon quantum computing prototype “Nine Chapters”, 62-bit programmable superconducting quantum computing prototype The aircraft “Zuchongzhi” was successfully launched.
At the same time, we must also realize that there are still problems in the development of China’s digital economy, such as regional, industrial and enterprise development imbalances, and innovation capabilities, internationalization levels, platform enterprise leadership, and industrial chain value chain control need to be further improved; key figures The technical foundation is relatively weak, and core technologies such as precision sensors, integrated circuits, operating systems, industrial software, databases, and open source platforms rely heavily on foreign countries. Under the new situation, we must adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of China’s modernization drive, take scientific and technological independence and self-reliance as a strategic support for national development, strive to enhance China’s scientific and technological independent innovation capabilities, and concentrate efforts to overcome the “stuck neck” problem of key core technologies and make up for it. Weaknesses in the development of the digital economy, to achieve greater development of the digital economy.
Enhance core capabilities and create new advantages in the development of China’s digital economy
Facing the current status and trends of the global digital economy development and the advantages and disadvantages of China’s digital economy development, we must seize the opportunities for the development of the digital economy, and thoroughly implement the “Fourteenth Five-Year Plan” and the 2035 Vision Goal Outline for “Building a Digital Economy” New advantages” decision-making deployment.
During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period and a period in the future, to create new advantages in the digital economy, it is necessary to promote the development of China’s digital economy to achieve the following expansions. One is to expand from the consumer sector to the production sector. China is the country with the largest manufacturing scale in the world, with complete industrial categories, complete industrial chains, and diverse development levels. The digital development of the industry has a broad market space and rich application scenarios. At present, the advantages of China’s digital economy are mainly reflected in the consumer field. In the future, more efforts will be needed in the production field to give full play to the tremendous power of digital technology, increase the total factor productivity of the real economy, and form a world of industrial digitization and digital support platforms. Level enterprises to promote China’s industry to climb to the high end of the global value chain. The second is to expand from model advantages to technological advantages. China’s digital economy has advantages in business model innovation. In the future, it will need to make more efforts in hard technology to make up for the shortcomings of core digital technology to ensure the stable development of China’s digital economy and industrial safety, while fostering new advantages in cutting-edge technologies and strengthening emerging The right to speak and lead in industrial development. The third is to expand from product advantages to standard advantages. The advantages of China’s digital economy are more reflected in products and services. In the future, we need to make efforts in technical standards and governance rules to speed up the formulation and improvement of domestic digital technology standards, digital trade rules, and digital governance rules, and promote them to the world. The fourth is to expand from domestic advantages to international advantages. At present, China’s digital technology companies are mainly oriented to domestic users, and the number of foreign users is relatively small. In the future, they need to make efforts in globalization, accelerate the pace of “going out” of technology and business models of China’s digital technology companies, and develop digital products and products that meet the needs of the international market. Services to build a digital platform enterprise with international influence.
To create new advantages in the digital economy, we need to focus on the following aspects. One is to further improve the digital infrastructure. Promote the upgrade and commercial use of connection infrastructure such as fiber optic networks, IPv6, and 5G networks, accelerate the construction of computing power infrastructure such as big data and cloud computing, and the development of the Internet of Things and industrial Internet, and encourage Internet companies and industry leaders to open up commercial digital infrastructure. Provide small and medium-sized enterprises with “lightweight applications” and “microservices” with low entry barriers and easy deployment. The second is to strengthen digital technology innovation. Strengthen research and development support for core and cutting-edge technologies in the digital economy, promote the development of open source communities, encourage enterprises to increase investment in basic research and industrial common technology research and development; leverage the advantages of the new national system to achieve independent control of key core technologies; deploy cutting-edge technologies in advance, Support the transformation of cutting-edge technology industries with ultra-large-scale markets and open up new space for future industrial development. The third is to promote the transformation of the real economy. Accelerate the digital transformation of all links in the value chain and supply chain of physical enterprises, speed up enterprises’ “cloud use of data and intelligence”, open up data connections between various departments and links, and promote business process, business model and business innovation of physical enterprises. The fourth is to promote the quality of digital consumption. Encourage enterprises to use the new generation of information technology to develop intelligent networked products, continue to innovate Internet services, improve the level of customization of digital products and services, meet the needs of consumption upgrades, and stimulate technological innovation and industrial upgrading. The fifth is to expand the opening up of the digital economy. Promote the interconnection and interoperability of the digital infrastructure of all countries in the world, deepen the convergence of digital economy rules, support China’s digital technology companies in opening up the international market, and at the same time expand the opening of the domestic market to the world’s digital products and services. The sixth is to improve digital governance rules. Promote the establishment of laws, regulations and management systems in the fields of data ownership, openness and flow, fair competition in the digital market, and network security to create a good environment for the development of the digital economy. Actively participate in the formulation of global governance rules in the digital field, deepen the global division of labor and cooperation in the digital economy, and promote the cross-border flow of data, digital goods and services
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