Original title: “Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Central Network Security and Information Technology Commission Office on accelerating the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development guidance
On June 7, 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Central Office of Network Security and Information Technology issued guiding opinions on accelerating the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development. The opinion proposed that by 2025, the comprehensive strength of the blockchain industry will reach the world’s advanced level, and the industry will take shape. Cultivate 3-5 internationally competitive backbone enterprises and a number of innovation-leading enterprises, and create 3-5 blockchain industry development clusters. Initial establishment of blockchain standard system. By 2030, the comprehensive strength of the blockchain industry will continue to improve and the scale of the industry will further grow. Blockchain becomes an important support for building a strong manufacturing country and a strong network country, developing a digital economy and modernizing the national governance system and governance capacity. The following is the full text of the content.
Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and municipalities under the plan, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, the competent departments of industry and information technology, network information committee.
Blockchain is an important part of the new generation of information technology, is a distributed network, cryptography, smart contracts and other technologies integrated with a new database software, through data transparency, not easy to tamper, traceable, is expected to solve the problem of trust and security in cyberspace, to promote the Internet from the delivery of information to the delivery of value change, reconstructing the information industry system. To implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the 18th collective study of the Central Political Bureau, play an important role in the industrial transformation of blockchain, promote the deep integration of blockchain and economic and social, accelerate the promotion of blockchain technology applications and industrial development, the following views are proposed.
I. General requirements
(A) guiding ideology
Guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era, thoroughly implement the 19th CPC National Congress and the spirit of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 19th CPC Central Committee, base on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, focus on the strategic deployment of a strong manufacturing country and a strong network country, aim to cultivate internationally competitive products and enterprises, deepen the application of integration in the real economy and public services As a path, strengthen technical research and development, solidify industrial foundation, grow industrial bodies, cultivate good ecology, and realize advanced industrial foundation and modernization of industrial chain. Promote the integration and development of blockchain and the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technology, and build an advanced blockchain industry system.
(II) Basic principles
Application traction. Take advantage of the market, take the application demand as the guide, actively expand the application scenario, promote the application of blockchain in key industries and fields, and drive the iterative upgrading of technical products and the continuous improvement of industrial ecology with large-scale applications.
Innovation-driven. Insist on taking blockchain as an important breakthrough in independent innovation of core technology, clarify the main direction, increase investment, promote collaborative research, and enhance the innovation capability; insist on making up the short board and forging the long board simultaneously, and promote the industry to accelerate the march to the middle and high end of the value chain.
Ecological cultivation. Give full play to the main role of enterprises in the development of block chain, accelerate the cultivation of products and enterprises with international competitiveness, build advanced industrial chains, and create a multi-win industrial system.
Multi-party collaboration. Promote the integration of all parties in the industry, academia, research and gold, and promote the quick and effective allocation of resource elements. Strengthen the synergy and interaction of government, enterprises, universities and research institutions, and explore new modes of win-win cooperation.
Safety and order. Adhere to the development and security at the same time, accurately grasp the law of industrial development of blockchain technology, strengthen policy coordination and standards guidance, strengthen security technology security capacity building, and achieve scientific development of blockchain industry.
(C) Development Goals
By 2025, the comprehensive strength of blockchain industry will reach the world’s advanced level and the industry will take shape. Blockchain applications penetrate into many fields of economy and society, cultivate a number of well-known products in such fields as product traceability, data circulation and supply chain management, and form scenario-based demonstration applications. Cultivate 3~5 internationally competitive backbone enterprises and a number of innovation-leading enterprises, and create 3~5 blockchain industry development clusters. Preliminary establishment of blockchain standard system. Formation of a professional talent team to support industrial development, and basic improvement of blockchain industrial ecology. Blockchain effectively supports the manufacturing power, network power and digital China strategy, and plays an important role in promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
By 2030, the comprehensive strength of blockchain industry will continue to improve, and the scale of the industry will further grow. Blockchain and the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new generation information technology deep integration, in various fields to achieve universal application, cultivate the formation of a number of international leading level of enterprises and industrial clusters, the industrial ecosystem tends to improve. Blockchain has become an important support for building a strong manufacturing country and a strong network, developing a digital economy, and modernizing the national governance system and governance capacity.
II. Key tasks
(A) to empower the real economy
- Deepen the integration of applications. Play the role of blockchain in optimizing business processes, reducing operating costs, building a credible system, fostering new models, new industries, supporting digital transformation and high-quality industrial development.
- Supply chain management. Promote enterprises to build blockchain-based supply chain management platforms, integrate logistics, information flow and capital flow, improve supply chain efficiency, and reduce business risks and costs. Build a new collaborative production system and production capacity sharing platform through smart contracts and other technologies to improve the level of supply chain collaboration.
- Product traceability. In the fields of food and medicine, key components and equipment manufacturing, blockchain is used to establish a product traceability system covering raw material suppliers, manufacturers, testing institutions, users and other parties, to accelerate the visualization of product data and the transparency of the flow process, to realize the tracking and traceability of the whole life cycle, and to improve quality management and service level.
- Data sharing. Use blockchain to break data silos, realize traceability of data collection, sharing and analysis process, promote data sharing and value-added applications, and promote innovation of digital economy model. Use blockchain to build a credit data platform covering multiple parties and innovate the construction of social integrity system.
(II) Enhance public services
- Promote application innovation. Promote the application of blockchain technology in the fields of digital identity, data storage, urban governance and other public services to support the transparency, equality and accuracy of public services and improve the quality of life of the people.
- Government services. Establish a government data sharing platform based on blockchain technology, promote the common maintenance and utilization of government data across departments and regions, carry out applications in public services such as education and employment, medical and health care, and public welfare assistance, promote collaborative business processing, deepen the “one-stop-shop” reform, and bring better government service experience to the people.
3 Evidence collection. Use blockchain to establish digital credible proof, and establish a new type of evidence collection mechanism in the fields of judicial deposition, real estate registration, and administrative law enforcement. Take advantage of the advantages of blockchain in the field of copyright protection to improve the management of digital copyright confirmation, authorization and maintenance.
- Smart City. Use blockchain to promote interconnection and orderly flow of production factors in information, capital, talent and credit among cities. Deepen the application of blockchain in the field of information infrastructure construction, realize cross-sector and cross-industry intensive deployment and common construction and sharing, and support the construction of smart cities.
(C) consolidate the industrial foundation
- Adhere to the standard leading. Promote the construction of blockchain standardization organizations and establish a blockchain standard system. Accelerate the development of key and urgent standards, encourage the development of group standards, in-depth promotion of standards, and promote the implementation of standards on the ground. Actively participate in blockchain global standardization activities and international standard setting.
- Build the underlying platform. Strengthen technical research in key areas such as distributed computing and storage, cryptographic algorithms, consensus mechanisms, smart contracts, etc., and build a blockchain underlying platform. Support the use of sensors, trusted networks, software and hardware combination and other technologies to strengthen the synergy of data on and off the chain. Promote the integration of blockchain and other new generation information technology to create a secure and controllable, cross-chain compatible blockchain infrastructure.
- Cultivate quality brands. Encourage blockchain enterprises to strengthen quality management, promote advanced quality engineering technologies and methods, and improve code quality and development efficiency. Develop third-party quality assessment services and build a quality assurance system for blockchain products and services. Guide enterprises to take the initiative to comply with standards and carry out quality brand building activities.
- Strengthen network security. Strengthen the blockchain infrastructure and service security protection capacity building, and regularly carry out the assessment and analysis of blockchain technology on security risks in key areas. Guide enterprises to strengthen industry self-regulation, establish risk prevention and control mechanisms and technical preventive measures, and implement the main responsibility for security.
- Protect intellectual property rights. Strengthen the management of blockchain intellectual property rights, cultivate a number of high-value patents, trademarks and software copyrights, and form a competitive intellectual property system. Encourage enterprises to explore the establishment of common protection mechanisms for intellectual property rights through blockchain patent pools, intellectual property alliances and other modes.
(IV) Build modern industrial chain
- Research and development of blockchain “famous products”. Integrate the professional power of industry, academia, research and use to carry out research and development of blockchain products, and make efforts to improve the level of product innovation. For anti-counterfeiting and traceability, data sharing, supply chain management, evidence collection and other fields, build a number of industry-level alliance chains, increase the application and promotion efforts, and create a number of blockchain “famous products” with advanced technology and strong driving effect.
- Cultivate blockchain “famous enterprises”. Coordinate resources such as policy, market and capital to cultivate a number of blockchain “famous enterprises” with international competitiveness and play a leading role in demonstration. Improve the innovation and entrepreneurship environment, cultivate and incubate blockchain startups; encourage deep plowing in niche areas, take the path of professional development, and create a number of unicorn enterprises. Guide large enterprises to open up resources, provide infrastructure for small and medium-sized enterprises, and build an industrial ecology of multi-party collaboration and mutual benefit.
- Create a “famous park” of blockchain. Encourage localities to combine resource endowments, highlight regional characteristics and advantages, and create pioneering areas for blockchain development according to the concept of “regulatory sandbox”. Support parks with good basic conditions to build blockchain industry “famous parks”, optimize the allocation of industrial factors such as policies, talents and applications, and support the development of blockchain enterprises by opening application scenarios.
- Establish open source ecology. Accelerate the construction of blockchain open source community, and cultivate a number of high-quality open source projects around the underlying platform, application development framework, testing tools, etc. Improve the blockchain open source promotion mechanism, widely gather developers and user resources, vigorously promote mature open source products and application solutions, and build a new ecology of benign interactive open source communities.
- Improve the industrial chain. Insist on mending the short board and forging the long board, carry out strong chain mending and build a modern industrial chain. For weak links, organize upstream and downstream enterprises to collaborate in research and development, and consolidate the industrial foundation; establish an advanced industrial chain management system to enhance the resilience of the industrial chain.
(E) promote the development of integration
- Promote “blockchain + industrial Internet”. Promote the integration of blockchain and logo resolution innovation, build a blockchain infrastructure based on logo resolution, enhance the “platform + blockchain” technology integration application capabilities, to create a new model of industrial Internet based on blockchain technology, new business models.
- Promote “blockchain + big data”. Accelerate the construction of a blockchain-based authentication and traceability big data service platform, promote the compliance and orderly determination, sharing and flow of data, and fully release the value of data resources. Develop blockchain-based data management, analysis applications, etc. to enhance the management and application of big data.
- Promote “blockchain + cloud computing”. Build a blockchain application development, testing and verification and operation and maintenance environment based on cloud computing, provide flexible, easy-to-use and scalable support for blockchain applications, and lower the threshold of blockchain application development.
- Promote “blockchain + artificial intelligence”. Develop blockchain-based artificial intelligence training, algorithm sharing and other technologies and methods, and promote the development of distributed artificial intelligence model. Explore the use of artificial intelligence technology to improve the efficiency of blockchain operations and the intelligence of inter-node collaboration.
III. Guarantee measures
(A) actively promote the application of pilot.
Support places with a certain industrial base, for the real economy and livelihood services and other key areas, select mature application scenarios, select a number of units with strong promotional capabilities to carry out blockchain application pilot, the formation of a number of blockchain underlying platform, products and services with good application results.
(B) increase policy support.
Rely on national industrial development projects to support the development of blockchain industry. Enrich industry applications by organizing blockchain competitions and other means. Support eligible blockchain enterprises to enjoy preferential software tax policies. Explore the use of the first edition of insurance compensation, government procurement and other policies to promote the large-scale application of blockchain research and development results.
(C) guide localities to accelerate exploration.
Encourage localities to study and formulate policies and measures to support the development of blockchain industry based on the actual situation, strengthen the elements of industrial development in terms of land, investment and financing, talents, etc., and establish a blockchain product pool and enterprise pool. Support the creation of “China Software Park” in the pioneer area of blockchain development.
(4) Build public service system.
Support professional service institutions to develop blockchain training, testing and certification, investment and financing services, and improve the public service system of the industry. Strengthen the construction of entrepreneurship and innovation carriers, accelerate the incubation of various innovative blockchain enterprises, and support the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises.
(5) Strengthen the training of industrial talents.
Relying on the construction of “new engineering” and characteristic demonstration software colleges, support colleges and universities to set blockchain professional courses and carry out blockchain professional education. Strengthen blockchain vocational and technical education by building talent training bases and other means. Cultivate industry-leading talents and high-level innovation teams, and form a number of “celebrities” in the field of blockchain.
(6) Deepen international exchange and cooperation.
Around the “One Belt and One Road” strategic deployment, build a blockchain international cooperation and exchange platform, and strengthen blockchain international cooperation in such fields as technical standards, open source communities, and talent training. Encourage enterprises to expand international exchange and cooperation channels, and enhance the level and level of international development.
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Office of the Central Committee for Network Security and Informatization
May 27, 2021
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