Governance Chronicle: Guizhou Computing Power in Digital China

  • In the past 10 years, the GDP of Guizhou Province has increased by 223.5%, and the national ranking has moved up 6 places. It has become the province with the fastest economic growth in the country and is known as the “most inspiring province”. The achievement of this excellent transcript is inseparable from the major decision to seize the opportunity for the development of big data
  • Since it was approved to build China’s first big data comprehensive experimental zone in 2016, Guizhou has closely followed the positioning of the experimental zone and has worked hard to cultivate the “cloud” of “numbers”. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, 45 national pilot demonstrations were obtained, marking a clear footnote for the construction of a digital China
  • The growth rate of Guizhou’s digital economy has been the first in the country for 6 consecutive years, and the electronic information industry led by big data has rapidly developed into a 100 billion-level industry
  • As a demonstration base for data centers in South China, there are 23 data centers in operation and under construction in Guizhou Province, which is one of the regions with the largest concentration of ultra-large data centers in China and even in the world.
  • Now the development of big data in Guizhou has moved from a data aggregation center to a cloud service, from retaining data to retaining funds, and is no longer just a storage warehouse.
  • With the help of the “Eastern Data and Western Calculation” project, Guizhou is making every effort to build a key computing power hub, and strive to provide high-quality real-time computing power for the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle
  • Through “One Cloud”, the province’s government data is controlled, “One Network” connects the five-level government services of provinces, cities, counties and villages, and “One Platform” solves cross-level, cross-regional, and cross-departmental data scheduling.
  • Data is the “oil” of the 21st century. How to extract, protect and use requires a clear set of rules

In the 21st century, the rapid rise of digital productivity and the rapid development of big data.

On October 18, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee conducted the 34th collective study on promoting the healthy development of China’s digital economy. When presiding over the study, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that in recent years, the Internet, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, blockchain and other technologies have accelerated innovation and have increasingly integrated into the entire process of economic and social development. The digital economy has developed rapidly and radiated. The breadth and depth of influence have never been seen before, and it is becoming a key force in reorganizing global factor resources, reshaping the global economic structure, and changing the global competitive landscape. It is necessary to stand at the height of coordinating the overall strategy of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the great changes in the world unseen in a century, coordinating the two major issues of domestic and international development, and development of security, giving full play to the advantages of massive data and rich application scenarios, and promoting digital technology and the real economy Deep integration, empowering the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, spawning new industries, new business forms and new models, and continuously strengthening and improving China’s digital economy.

At present, the national big data strategy and the construction of Digital China are accelerating.

In this new round of competition for the technological revolution led by big data, China has seized the fleeting window and ran in the first camp with developed countries . What is gratifying is that, in addition to the eastern coastal cities, there are also western inland provinces-Guizhou.

Guizhou, which is blocked by mountains, took the first step and took big data as a strategic choice to maintain the two bottom lines of development and ecology. A blueprint was drawn to the end, one term after another, and a pair of invisibility was inserted for future development. Wings.

One of the regions with the largest concentration of ultra-large data centers in the world. The growth rate of the digital economy has ranked first in the country for many years. The open government data and digital governance continue to be at the forefront of the country… Since 2016, it has been approved to build China’s first comprehensive big data pilot area Since then, Guizhou has been closely following the positioning of the experimental area and struggling to plant “numbers” and “clouds.” During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, Guizhou has achieved 45 national pilot demonstrations , writing a clear footnote for the construction of a digital China.

In June 2015, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out during an inspection tour in Guizhou that “Guizhou’s development of big data does make sense.” In 2018 and 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping sent congratulatory letters to the China International Big Data Industry Expo (hereinafter referred to as the “Digital Expo”) held in Guizhou for two consecutive years. On the eve of the Spring Festival in 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during an inspection tour in Guizhou that Guizhou should “seize new opportunities in the implementation of the digital economy strategy.”

“Big data has become a beautiful business card for the world to understand Guizhou. In recent years, Guizhou has laid a solid foundation for’preemptive opportunities’ and nurtured unlimited possibilities for continuous’grab new opportunities’ in the future.” Guizhou Provincial Party Committee Secretary and Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People’s Congress Chen Yiqin said that if the development of big data in Guizhou in the past has “preempted opportunities” and achieved a breakthrough from “0 to 1”; in the future, the development of big data in Guizhou will “seize new opportunities”, and the fission from “1 to N” will surely be achieved.

Why is Guizhou

In 2020, the province’s GDP of Guizhou is 1,782.656 billion yuan, making it into the top 20 in the country for the first time. In 2011, Guizhou’s GDP was only 797.3 billion yuan, an increase of 223.5% in 10 years, and the ranking increased by six, becoming the province with the fastest economic growth in the country and known as the “most inspiring province” . The achievement of this excellent report card is inseparable from a major decision to seize the opportunity for the development of big data.

2013 was a very unusual year for Guizhou.

The construction of the data centers of the three major telecom operators started, the Zhongguancun Guiyang Science and Technology Park was established, and the Foxconn fourth-generation green industrial park settled… The implementation of a series of projects has brought Guizhou into the “cloud”.

The climate of warm winter and cool summer saves 10% to 30% of the power of the data center; clean air effectively improves server life and stability; the power structure of water and fire and low electricity prices can save costs; the geological structure is stable and the karst with many caves The landform is an ideal data disaster recovery center… the development of big data, Guizhou has unique advantages in these days and times.

There are many places with good ecology, stable geology, and sufficient electricity. Why is Guiyang?

CPPCC National Committee members, chief strategy adviser Guiyang municipal government, big data strategy Key Laboratory of main Renlian Yu Ming gives the answer – at that time, the big data as a core strategy of development of the city and dumping the power of the global push to be the only Guiyang .

In January 2014, the state approved the establishment of the Gui’an New District between Guiyang and Anshun, focusing on building a big data industry cluster, and the first task is to build a data center.

Starting from a blank paper and a board house, the pioneers of the new district worked hard and ushered in an important gift in the summer of 2017. In just three months , the three technology giants , Tencent , Apple, and Huawei, announced one after another Set up the data center in Gui’an New District.

Nowadays, whether it is the Tencent Gui’an Seven-Star Data Center “hidden in a cave”, the massive Apple China (Gui’an) data center, or the Huawei Cloud Gui’an data center like a fairy tale town, all have been partially completed and invested Use is just around the corner.

According to data, at present , Gui’an New District alone has planned to build 12 super-large data centers, with an estimated total investment of more than 40 billion yuan, capable of carrying more than 4 million servers . As a demonstration base for data centers in southern China, there are 23 data centers in operation and under construction in Guizhou Province, which is one of the regions with the largest concentration of ultra-large data centers in China and even in the world.

“The development of big data in Guizhou started with the introduction of data centers from several large operators, and later large-scale electronic terminal processing enterprises, which laid a certain foundation for Guizhou’s own big data industry. In the development of big data, Guizhou is indeed at the forefront. Whether it can continue to lead is still a big challenge.” said Wu Hequan, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Guizhou pays more attention to the deep-seated changes brought about by the aggregation of data centers than the initiation of infrastructure investment of several billion yuan.

“Data center, going up is server production and data center operation and maintenance. Going down will also drive cloud services, data labeling, data analysis and other industries.” said Ma Ningyu, Mayor of Guiyang City and Director of Gui’an New District Management Committee. The development of big data in Guizhou has moved from a data aggregation center to cloud services, from retaining data to retaining funds, and is no longer just a storage warehouse.

In May of this year, at the 2021 China International Big Data Industry Expo held in Guiyang, the construction of the national hub node of the national integrated computing power network was officially launched. China will promote the layout of large data centers in regions with abundant renewable energy and suitable climate and geological conditions to realize the “Eastern Data and Western Calculation” .

The National Development and Reform Commission, the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the “National Integrated Big Data Center Collaborative Innovation System Computing Hub Implementation Plan”, which proposes to build a national integration in Guizhou and other places. The national hub node of the computing power network will coordinate the development of major national regions and guide the intensive, large-scale, and green development of data centers.

“Guizhou is one of the eight hubs of the new generation of computing power network, and it has a good future.” According to Zhang Guoxuan, vice president of artificial intelligence company SenseTime, there are three elements to promote the development of artificial intelligence: computing power, Algorithms and data. At present, Guizhou has good data conditions, and in the future there will also be good computing power policies and computing power conditions.

The data center not only stores data, but also counts data. According to Wang Zhu, a member of the Party Group and Deputy Director of the Gui’an New Area Industrial Development Bureau, the “Eastern Data and Western Calculation” project currently being implemented by the country is to take the data from the eastern region to the west for calculation. We must seize this new opportunity, go all out to build a key computing hub, and strive to provide high-quality real-time computing power for the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle.

Governance Chronicle: Guizhou Computing Power in Digital China

On May 26th, participants watched intelligent robots at the 2021 China International Big Data Expo in Guiyang

What big data has changed

In 2015, Yang Lingyun, who has been working in Beijing, started his “guidance” career. It took only three years from the “polished commander” to the Guizhou Aerospace Cloud Network Technology Co., Ltd. he established to achieve a cumulative operating income of 384 million yuan.

“Leapfrogging growth has benefited from the continuous deepening of big data integration.” Yang Lingyun recalled that at the beginning when he talked about intelligent manufacturing and the industrial Internet with customers, he was often thrown cold water. Later, with the development of big data, the company became the main force of Guizhou’s “industrial cloud” platform.

There are many such examples. With the in-depth advancement of intelligent production transformation, nowadays, the registered users of “Guizhou Industrial Cloud” have exceeded 170,000 . It has become a necessary option for many traditional industry enterprises to develop and grow through “digital” transformation and “cloud” upgrade.

In the case of weak global economic growth, the digital economy is seen as a new lever for leveraging development. Guizhou will firmly seize this opportunity.

In 2017, Guizhou took the lead in issuing the first provincial-level digital economy development plan in the country, proposing the development of resource-based, technology-based, integrated and service-based “four-type” digital economy .

In terms of industrial digitization, Guizhou has formulated and implemented the country’s first in-depth integration index system for big data and the real economy, in-depth implementation of “thousand enterprise transformation” and “ten-thousand enterprise integration” to promote the real economy to digital, network, and intelligent transformation, and go to the cloud There are more than 20,000 enterprises.

Guizhou Aerospace Electric Co., Ltd. produces tens of thousands of twist needles every day. This product, which is less than 1 cm in length and as thin as a pencil lead, is widely used in the Shenzhou spacecraft, lunar exploration projects and other fields. In the past, twist needles made of 10 strands of copper alloy wire were mainly welded manually by workers with the naked eye. Nowadays, each process of twist needle has realized “cloud upload”, and the tightness of each needle is also online in real time. The craftsman standard is solidified on each twist needle and refined.

30 tons of sugar cane in Zhenfeng County, 21 tons of zucchini in Pu’an County, 16 tons of white radish in Xingyi City… Through this channel, agricultural products from all over the world are continuously sold to Kunming, Chongqing, Chengdu, Guangzhou and other places. In the agricultural field, the “One Code Guizhou” smart business big data platform created by Guizhou E-commerce Cloud Operation Co., Ltd. has been promoting the docking of production and sales since it went live in July last year. Up to now, the platform has attracted more than 30,000 enterprises from both inside and outside the province, with more than 90,000 products on the line, and realized a turnover of more than 8 billion yuan in agricultural products transactions.

In terms of digital industrialization, Guizhou has vigorously cultivated the big data and electronic information industry as one of the province’s ten major industrial industries and one of the ten major projects for innovation and development of the service industry. Today, the electronic information industry led by big data is rapidly developing into a hundred billion-level industry.

The “Eastern Clouds” platform developed by Guizhou Eastern Century Technology Co., Ltd. integrates meteorology, remote sensing, geography and landforms, and data and information shared by the Flood Control Office. Through algorithmic analysis, early warning of mountain torrents can be realized, thereby reducing personnel caused by sudden disasters. Casualties and property damage. “Traditional early warning requires the installation of a large number of sensors in the river, while the method of using big data is a brand new exploration standing on the’another roof’.” The company’s chairman Li Sheng told reporters.

“In the past few years, coal, electricity, tobacco, and wine accounted for about 60% of the province’s industrial output value. Together with about 20% of aluminum products and fertilizer chemicals, 80% of the province’s industry is traditional industries.” Big Data Bureau of Guizhou Province Chief Engineer and Office Director Jiao Delu said that the electronic information industry led by big data is now becoming an important support for the sustainable and healthy development of the province’s industry . During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, Guizhou Province’s software business revenue, electronic information manufacturing output value, and telecommunications business revenue grew by an average of 19.3%, 19.6%, and 6.8% each year, and the growth rate was among the highest in the country.

In recent years, the growth rate of Guizhou’s digital economy has remained the country’s first for six consecutive years. The Eighth Plenary Session of the 12th CPC Guizhou Provincial Party Committee held in December last year proposed to vigorously promote new-type industrialization, new-type urbanization, agricultural modernization, and tourism industrialization as the main direction of high-quality development, and adhere to the “four wheels turning together.” . This year, Guizhou will strive for the province’s digital economy to account for 32% of the regional GDP, and the added value of the digital economy will exceed 600 billion yuan.

Governance Chronicle: Guizhou Computing Power in Digital China

China Telecom Cloud Computing Guizhou Information Park (Photo taken on May 24th) Photo by Ou Dongqu/This issue

To rule number first

Perform real-name authentication, click to install by telegram, fill in relevant information… In the north business hall of the Guiyang Power Supply Bureau, with the gradual guidance of the staff, the self-employed Jiang Yutong successfully passed the enterprise “one certificate to do electricity” in the “South Net Online” APP Function, to complete the application for telegram installation for my new factory.

“I originally just came to inquire about the processing process and the required materials, but I did not expect to follow the operation a few times, and the application was complete.” The entire application process was installed by telegram, and no paper materials were provided. Jiang Yutong felt unbelievable.

According to Zhang Chao, manager of the Customer Service Section of the Marketing Department of Guizhou Power Grid Corporation, the reason why Guizhou was able to take the lead in the western region to realize the use of face-switching for residents and one-license for enterprises is inseparable from the business license and identity of the Internet service platform and the Guizhou provincial government service platform. Data sharing and interconnection of certificates and real estate registration, etc.

To rule by number, rule by number first. In order to reduce “information islands” and “data chimneys”, as one of the pilot provinces for the integration and sharing of government information systems across the country, Guizhou released the government services “One Cloud, One Network , One Platform” at the 2019 Digital Expo. “Overall the province’s government data, “One Network” connects the five-level government services of provinces, cities, counties and villages, and “One Platform” solves cross-level, cross-regional, and cross-departmental data scheduling.

——Building a “cloud on the cloud in Guizhou” and realizing “one cloud under one roof”. Yunshang Guizhou “Yiduoyun” is the first in the country to realize the network and data communication of all government departments’ information systems, and all the application systems of all departments of the provincial, city and county governments are all open and usable in the “clouds of Guizhou”. Users can follow Permission to view and call. Guizhou is the southern node of the national e-government cloud data center. The Guiyang Municipal Government Data Open Platform has led the country in the “China Open Data Forest Index” assessment for 5 consecutive years, and ranked fifth in the open data index of 30 important cities in the world.

——To build a “government service one network” to realize “one network for all services.” Guizhou takes the lead in realizing the interconnection of all non-secret-related business private networks of provincial government departments and the external e-government network, and the e-government network covers all five levels of provinces, cities, counties and villages.

In the past, the masses often encountered the problem of not knowing where to go, how to do it, or having to go to multiple departments and many trips. Now, if you open the Guizhou government service network, you can find the necessary materials and procedures for almost all matters. At the same time, various departments converge to work together online, effectively reducing the number of people running errands.

“You can get a license without leaving your house.” said Wei Yi, an officer of Guizhou Wangcheng Investment Development Co., Ltd., submitting the application materials online, and performing electronic signatures according to the prompts. In just over ten minutes, the system prompts for approval. Then by postal express, the construction permit can be delivered quickly.

——Building a batch of departmental “central stations” to realize “one-platform service”. Guizhou took the lead in establishing a data sharing and exchange platform in the country and establishing a data scheduling mechanism. “We have clarified the collection rights, management rights and use rights of various data, who is responsible for collection, who uses who is responsible, to a certain extent, solves the problem of government data ownership, and clarifies the data scheduling mechanism.” Guizhou Provincial Information He Hao introduced the center.

“In the past, to call data across departments, you needed to call a trustee, write an application, or even hold a coordination meeting. Now as long as you go to our data sharing exchange platform to query the catalog, you can know whether the required data has been shared on the platform and what conditions are needed. It can be obtained.” said Han Zhuyang, director of the Data Resources Development Department of the Guizhou Provincial Information Center. Nowadays, the awareness of sharing and using data among various departments has increased significantly, and the data barriers between departments are being broken.

In order to facilitate the data use department to find the required data as soon as possible in the vast number of databases, Guizhou has set up 12 thematic databases. For example, the poverty alleviation theme database brings together 15 provincial units, 34 data items, and 203 million poverty alleviation data resources, which can provide data support for precision poverty alleviation and early warning and monitoring of poverty return.

“Poverty alleviation data resources are one of the fastest updated thematic data.” Han Zhuyang said that data on farmers’ personal and family income, medical expenditure, education expenditure and other data will be collected by the corresponding departments to form shareable data in a timely manner. The relevant departments can Finding signs of returning to poverty due to disasters, returning to poverty due to illness, etc., by collecting data, and taking corresponding countermeasures in a timely manner.

In the next step, Guizhou will continue to do a good job of “one cloud, one network, one platform”, and comprehensively form a public digital resource system, focusing on macro decision-making, market supervision, rural revitalization, ecological protection, urban management, etc., and strive to create a batch of national leading big data Typical demonstration applications make people’s lives wiser, more convenient and happier.

Governance Chronicle: Guizhou Computing Power in Digital China

Exhibitors demonstrate the Smart Police Brain Command Center at the 2018 China International Big Data Industry Expo (photographed on May 26, 2018) Photo by Tao Liang/this issue

Continue to dig deep into the value of big data

Data is the “oil” of the 21st century. How to extract, protect, and use requires a clear set of rules. If big data is allowed to grow wildly, it will infringe the rights of citizens if it is small, and it will endanger national security and social stability if it is large. Guarding data security, Guizhou answers with actual combat, institutionalization, and standardization.

Since 2016, data security offensive and defensive exercises involving “real guns and live ammunition” have been staged in Guiyang Economic and Technological Development Zone. Programmers from all over the world use code as a sword to attack and defend against possible data security vulnerabilities in enterprises and institutions.

Focus on the national industrial Internet platform, pay attention to new infrastructure and smart city construction… Every year’s competition has a different theme. “The security problems in cyberspace need to be tested by shooting ranges,” said Wu Jian, director of Guizhou Shuan Qitian Cyber ​​Security Service Co., Ltd.

Regarding the country’s first “big data security comprehensive shooting range” built in Guizhou , some experts who have been invited to review for many times have expressed emotion: Many units have been “weak and feel good, severely ill without knowing it”, and now they have a clear awareness and level of protection. Improvement, each resolution of a security problem also means an increase in the level and speed of the development of big data.

Observe the time and make laws, and make rituals in accordance with events. Guizhou took the lead in exploring big data local legislation .

On January 15, 2016, the “Regulations on Promotion of Big Data Development and Application in Guizhou Province” was promulgated, becoming China’s first local big data regulation;

On May 1, 2017, the “Guiyang Municipal Government Data Sharing and Opening Regulations” were officially implemented, and China’s first local government data sharing and opening regulations were born;

On October 1, 2019, the “Regulations on Big Data Security Protection of Guizhou Province” came into effect, stipulating the implementation of a big data security responsibility system to ensure the safety of big data throughout its life cycle.

“Incorporating the big data industry into the track of the rule of law is of great significance to fostering and expanding strategic emerging industries and promoting the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries.” Li Zhong, former director of the Standing Committee of the Guiyang Municipal People’s Congress, believes that although the big data field is new, wide-ranging, and highly professional However, as the country’s first comprehensive test area for big data, Guizhou has the responsibility to fill the gaps with practical explorations.

Data is valuable. The development of data standards is inseparable from data resources to data assets .

In January 2018, Guizhou began preparing for the establishment of a national technology standard innovation base in the field of big data. At present, there are 175 big data international standards, national standards, and local standards led by the base and participated in the development. From formulating and issuing the “Government Data Classification and Classification Guidelines” and “Government Data Data Desensitization Work Guidelines”, to the combing and opening of core government data including population, legal entity, and spatial geography, from the first big data exchange in China to be established. With the gradual establishment of trading systems and rules, Guizhou’s continuous efforts to dig deep into the value of big data have been on the way.

Hundreds of birds compete for the stream, and those who strive for it are the first. Big data is becoming a green coordinate system for high-quality development in Guizhou. On the new journey towards the second centenary goal, and driven by the national big data strategy, Digital China is accelerating its construction. Guizhou will be down-to-earth to plant “data” and “cloud”, from experiment to demonstration, and become a source, agglomeration area and dream building for China’s big data development.

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