From Lei Jun to Zhang Yiming, what are the commonalities in the transformation of masters?
Lei Jun once said: “Standing on the tuyere, pigs can fly.”
But in fact, he only revealed half of the secret of success. Because the prerequisite for flying is often to “be prepared.”
Since Lei Jun officially announced that ” Xiaomi builds a car”, everyone has never stopped talking, and they are all speculating about what business strategy Lei will use to win this time.
And I noticed a detail, very similar to what he did when he founded Xiaomi.
According to news, Lei Jun had conducted 85 industry visits and communicated with more than 200 veterans in the automotive industry before officially announcing the production of the car.
I was fortunate to have participated in an interview with Lei Jun. What impressed me in that interview was precisely that he said that before founding Xiaomi, as a layman on the mobile phone track, his breakthrough plan was to conduct face-to-face interviews with 100 engineers in a row.
Does this method seem stupid?
But it was this process of constant contact and continuous improvement that quickly transformed him from a complete novice state to an industry analyst with a preliminary systematic cognition.
Now, when breaking into a new field, Lei Jun came up with this plan again.
It can be seen that successful people know and believe that their secrets can be copied. The core logic of this plan is to rely on “deliberate practice.”
Yes, it is possible that you have already heard of this term.
But your understanding of it may have been stuck in the wrong dimension, so that you didn’t realize in advance that Lei Jun was doing “deliberate practice.”
Deliberate practice is not actually a “behavior summary”, but a complete set of “tool concepts.”
I beat you, it has nothing to do with you
Most people, after reading Lei Jun’s story, feel that if I want to become a business expert, should I meet 100 business experts?
Of course it’s not that simple.
According to the sand pile paradox, if 1 grain of sand is not a pile, then 2 grains of sand are not piles; if 2 grains of sand are not piles, then 3 grains of sand are not piles; and so on, 10,000 grains of sand are not piles.
Understand, if you didn’t have enough professional questions and cognitive goal pre-setting before meeting the first expert; after the meeting , you didn’t reflect on the review and new questions and goal pre-settings, come and go with a completely different self See the second expert.
Then, there is no difference between seeing 100 digits and seeing 1 digit, seeing 1 digit and seeing 0 digits.
This kind of mechanically repeated actions can be called invalid involution.
Invalid internal scrolls are flooded with all kinds of our daily work.
The workers of the assembly line remember the work procedures that will not change every day; you at the work station passively follow the boss’s arrangements, but you always carry yourself when the goal is not reached;
The day-to-day meetings will make you feel that your energy is wasted in vain; from time to time, you have to pretend to work overtime to prevent falling behind in the involute game.
To avoid the marginal cost of your own work, do not continue to rise due to ineffective involution. It is very important to find out your own value and strengthen it.
Only if your own value is large enough to a certain extent, you will not be the part role surrounding the revolution of working machinery. It is a value subject that can realize self-driven rotation and has a strong attraction.
The secret of strengthening is inseparable from the tool of “deliberate practice”.
What is deliberate practice? According to the author, Eriksson, deliberate practice is essentially the activation of long-term memory.
With this activation, individuals can efficiently improve their performance and level no matter what industry or field they are in.
The so-called long-term memory refers to the memory that is stored for more than one minute, which can generally be kept for many years or even life.
The role of long-term memory in the brain is just like the role of a hard disk in a computer.
When the hard disk has a larger capacity of memory, a higher reading and writing speed, and a stronger random feedback capability, the performance of the computer will also be doubled.
Therefore, people with more prominent long-term memory ability will have the following unique advantages in dealing with problems:
One is the ability to specialize in cognition and complex processing of terms and phenomena in the field.
For example, everyone habitually laughs at product managers for a lot of idiots, but in fact vocabulary symbolizes the right to define and the ability to code meaning.
The former allows you to gain more bargaining chips in the work game, while the latter allows you to think independently and refine product cognition in a self-consistent logical system, similar to obtaining an exclusive sand table deduction tool.
The proficient use of jargon does not mean that a product manager is capable and cognitively accurate; but a product manager who is capable and cognitively accurate must be able to use jargon flexibly and create new conceptual terms.
This is also the basic performance of a junior product manager moving towards a high-level product manager with methodological output capabilities.
The second is to have a more systematic and structured understanding of business categories and models.
In fact, it is the creation and training of mental representations. We will not discuss them here for the time being, but will discuss them in detail in the last part.
The third is that the efficiency of judging the problem, the efficiency of handling the problem, and the stock of ammunition are obviously beyond ordinary people.
For example, veterans in the workplace, when faced with the same problem, they often find the problem faster than Xiaobai and come up with more solutions.
The most extreme example is AlphaGo, which successively defeated Li Shishi and Ke Jie. The secret of its victory is to be fed one million rounds of battle training every day on the basis of understanding the basic rules of Go.
More than that, in the deduction of the replay scoring, AlphaGo further established a feedback system and began to continuously optimize the algorithm.
This is not better than you and harder than you, but like “I beat you, it has nothing to do with you.”
AlphaGo embodies “efficient and terrible diligence” to the fullest, and it also interprets the super boundary of the deliberate practice concept.
The creed that transcends time, the next stop is not the past
Time should be the best compound interest, but many people are stuck in the cycle of time.
What does that mean?
Perhaps everyone has heard Kobe’s famous saying: “Have you seen Los Angeles at four o’clock in the morning?”
Then I mistakenly thought that it was another story of diligent chicken soup.
In fact, many people do not know that there is a second half of this sentence. Kobe’s trainer asked him when he would end the practice, and Kobe replied: “Wait for me to make the 800th shot.”
This is why you can always find that some people are so good at what they do, that it’s incredible.
Of course, we already know the secret behind this, we can’t do without purposeful and deliberate practice.
But it is not easy to truly practice deliberately.
First, you have to avoid inefficient practice. That is, in a scene where the feedback is vague and the results of labor are difficult to judge, they are working behind closed doors.
There are at least three conditions to be met for effective deliberate practice:
One is deliberate practice, which requires you to apply it in a more mature field.
When you know what mature methods, training scenarios, verification conditions, and objective evaluation criteria need to be used to achieve positive and effective accumulation of results, you can continue to improve the effectiveness of deliberate practice and generate a positive cycle.
Don’t be like Wang Yangming, who has been thinking hard about the philosophy of life for seven days under a clump of bamboo, only to find nothing. There were even visions and auditory hallucinations, and finally a serious illness, it seemed that the gain was not worth the gain.
The second is to use helpful tutors and peers to improve the income and endurance of deliberate practice.
A good mentor is a good guide.
He can help you avoid repeating some common mistakes and the excessive time consumption and psychological burden caused by it in experience; he can also give you more inspiration with the help of a broad field of vision.
With peers, you can use the community or community to form a learning community to help each other, encourage each other, and supervise each other.
The third is to use tacit knowledge to manifest, which allows you to get real-time application feedback for deliberate practice.
Tacit knowledge manifestation means that abstract knowledge such as concepts and procedures will be encountered in practice, and you need to change the hidden into exposed in the concrete scene, change the uncertain into certain, and change the abstract knowledge. To be intuitive, the conceptual becomes quantitative.
The popular A/B test in large factories is actually a low-cost correction application.
For example, in a sales exercise, someone simulates a customer to give real-time feedback on your sales training to help you evaluate your sales ability.
Secondly, even if you have mastered high-efficiency practice methods, you should also pay attention to the risk that the marginal benefit of your results diminishes and eventually turns into ineffective practice.
This requires you to have a clear sense of purpose, focus and motivation in deliberate practice.
In other words, after arriving at one station, you must quickly perceive where to go next, instead of staying where you are at a loss.
There are two reasons for being at a loss.
The comfort you get used to achieving this goal can also be called complacency.
However, this complacency is often mixed with different kinds of unwillingness.
Just like a teacher who has been a teacher for 20 years, he is only a little better than a colleague who has taught for 5 years, and in many cases he is not as expressive as a young new colleague.
He will definitely feel that maybe he is really old, but he just doesn’t accept it. In fact, what he didn’t know was that it was not his physical age that brought the decline, but the slow degeneration caused by the lack of deliberate improvement exercises.
Maguire, a neuroscientist at the University of London, found that those “human-shaped navigation” drivers who can navigate the streets and lanes of London proficiently have a specific part of the hippocampus of the brain responsible for spatial navigation larger than ordinary people;
And those drivers who are active in the industry have more brain gray matter than retired drivers.
Using the evolutionary laws of advancement and abolition, never leave human beings.
The moment you step into the social jungle, you must understand that the thick fog that makes you confused will not dissipate by itself.
Wang Xing once mentioned that the more focused, the more powerful. He said that concentration is the first thing. The important thing is not to move up or down, but to keep moving forward.
There is also the word “focus” in Lei Jun’s seven-character tactics for Internet entrepreneurship.
In essence, concentration requires you to dare to jump out of your comfort zone, persist in self-discipline in the set direction, and then usher in the morning light of awakening of cognition and ability.
Only in this way can you transcend the creed of time and let your future move forward forever.
Tired and tired, the brain also wants to “drink tea first”
Another situation is that you have encountered a bottleneck and do not know how to improve.
At this time, what you have to do is stop and analyze the problem, rather than worrying alone.
Generally speaking, the external factors of the bottleneck are more complicated and require specific analysis.
The internal causes of the bottleneck mostly come from the three dimensions: the ability does not match the target, the target span is not suitable, and the lack of confidence caused by volatility.
In the concept of deliberate practice, as long as your ability goal has been achieved, then you can do the same.
The reason for the temporary mismatch is that the ability rises too slowly, the goal is too big, or the rhythm is not right.
Although in the book “Deliberate Practice”, the author claims that “everyone can become Mozart”, which is very exciting. But in fact, only the basic pitch ability can be achieved by ordinary people through training.
But in terms of more complex musical skills and creative performance, the speed of self-improvement of ordinary people is probably hard to compare with Mozart.
The very important reason is that the magical genetic element of talent, just like the blue buff, allows the carrier to have more rapid feedback sensitivity and the internal motivation for continuous growth.
The lack of talent for blessing will make the transition from master to top performer very slow and difficult. Because the lengthened feedback will hinder the efficiency of correction, and the loss of passion will reduce the power of concentration.
Faced with such a situation, you may lower the goal of deliberate practice and be satisfied with the master state;
Or ten times hard work to compensate for the disadvantage of sensitivity. Then it is not impossible for you to do better than the gifted.
Just like the tortoise and the hare, a gifted person may be “sleeping”, and this is your chance to reach the finish line first.
Of course, if you can find your own talent field and reset the goal of deliberate practice, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
The point to solve the problem of target span and rhythm is to be gentle with the body and brain.
Studies have shown that the greater the challenge, the greater the change in the structure of the brain, which means higher energy consumption.
The physiques of people are very different. Some people knock down a tiger with a slippery shovel, while others have to drink eighteen bowls of wine to win it.
Therefore, you have to explore the acceptable amplitude and frequency of your body and brain, and practice on the “sweet spot” not far from your comfort zone.
Instead of rushing for quick success, let the body and brain accept the 007 squeeze every day.
It’s still a simple principle. Appropriately raising challenges and meeting changes will make the body or brain experience excitement; while excessive wear and tear will bring about rapid slackness and fear.
For example, in fitness exercises, if you stress too much and exercise too frequently, it will damage your body.
However, the slight sweating at the beginning of the exercise will not only prevent overwork, but will gradually establish a stronger adaptive state for the body, thereby improving the overall fitness efficiency.
As for motivation, the process of practice is often full of boring and boring feeling; in addition, many times the results do not appear immediately, and half-way thoughts in the brain often appear.
At this time, in order to soothe your brain, you may have to learn from your fans.
That’s right, it is to learn how the star chasers continue to activate their own motivational awareness.
Consider the focus and enthusiasm of fans in chasing idols and their sensitivity to changes in idol information. This kind of spontaneous exercise is actually driven by fun and social currency.
So, what you have to do is to discover the fun and social currency value from your own practice objects.
How to turn boring into interesting requires better use of the brain’s reward mechanism.
The brain is responsible for rewarding you, but it also needs your reward.
For example, when reaching a very small goal, give yourself certain material rewards (milk tea, cola, chocolate, ice cream, etc.) or entertainment rewards (games, chasing drama, etc.), so that the brain’s activated dopamine and your own practice activities will produce an indirect effect. Contact is a good fun grafting program.
To complete a higher-level goal, a more ritual self-commendation and pressure release will be carried out.
For example, eat a big meal, buy a long-awaited consumer product as a gift for yourself, or simply give yourself a week off.
Of course, the most effective way is that you can really get feedback on your sense of accomplishment from the results of the exercises .
Once you reach your goal, you can directly activate the brain’s reward mechanism to form an addictive behavior. This means that the more you practice, the more involved you are, and the more you practice, the better the effect will be, thus forming a positive cycle.
In terms of social currency, you can allow yourself to be a little bit exaggerated and vanity.
The results of their exercise, social conduct cross-ring moderately exaggerated in the layer.
It is equivalent to borrowing social currency in advance, thereby creating a certain amount of pressure to return to yourself, in order to motivate yourself to achieve this result as soon as possible.
For example, when operating your own official account, video account, B station and other media content, if you insist on spending an hour a day; when it is public, you can claim that you have an hour and a half, and you will all be on it.
In this way, you will repeatedly ask yourself if you can do it for an hour and a half, so that you will be more motivated to try and form new habits.
However, some results that you cannot effectively control, such as data performance, are not suitable for false statements that cannot be repaid.
Or, you can claim ahead of an expected smaller than your target practice, so every time when more than it can be a positive big light show off a bit, so comfortable in someone else’s praise in advance.
In fact, just continuous behavior can arouse the attention of the social circle, and then form an external unconscious supervision atmosphere.
For example, you insist on watching the official account of the three classes and forward it to the circle of friends. I believe that within a week or so, some friends will wonder if you have become a three-course employee or student.
In order to maintain the stability of the outside world’s expected cognition of oneself, people often have a high degree of vigilance to easily stop the behavior that causes such cognition.
Moreover, as your input costs are higher, the psychological barriers and sunk costs of your withdrawal will be higher.
Of course, the most valuable social currency is still a practical achievement that can be displayed intuitively.
For example, externalizing methods such as photos of fitness effects, messages from fans, and proof of affirmation of work will make one’s own psychological gain and the exercise itself more closely related.
Wear a necklace instead of a chain
Bill Gates once said: “The biggest difference between people is the difference above the neck.”
Why are the better people more self-disciplined? Why does the higher the salary, the more inwardly?
The bottom line is that they, without exception, have tasted the sweetness of deliberate practice in at least one field or one experience.
The brain is deeply impressed by this mechanism of success, and wants to replicate this success to the various modules of life, social interaction, and work.
For example, Zhang Yiming once revealed on Weibo that he encountered team problems during the B round of financing, and there was a big emotional ups and downs. To this end, he began to consciously conduct anti-emotional reflection exercises.
Half a year later, he posted another Weibo saying: “There are fewer and fewer things that can depress me.”
To complete the ultimate rational self-building through deliberate anti-emotional exercises is undoubtedly Zhang Yiming’s road of self-iteration when he started his own business.
In fact, in terms of business philosophy, Zhang Yiming’s belief in ” getting knowledge from things ” is also quite similar to deliberate practice.
Zhu Xi often said: Reading a book a hundred times, it is right for you.
Maybe you read professional books, and some chapters look dumbfounded when you read the first time, “What’s this talking about?”
But with the deliberate drive of “gewu”, you will force yourself to carry out information processing, clue connection and conceptual thinking.
It is at this time that you begin to construct your preliminary mental representation of the content of this chapter.
The so-called mental representation, is your brain to study a subject, and distribution of specialized heart science vein network integration, which can be covered by the images, words, ideas or some complex models.
For example, when the Mona Lisa is mentioned, that smile immediately appears in many people’s brains.
This is like circuit integration on a chip. When the computing performance of the chip is stronger and the power consumption is lower, the content it contains is larger and the processing is faster.
So, in order to fill and iterate your mental representation, you start to read it a second time.
At this time, you are surprised to find: Hey, you can actually understand part of it.
In this way, as you continue to build mental representations, new understandings continue to ferment.
Until the end, you not only understand the content, but also can generate more independent thinking and meaning processing based on the content.
At this point, you have changed from a passive receiver to an active producer, creator and exporter.
Obviously, when dealing with unfamiliar things, deliberately grasping it from an objective path of knowledge, and constantly removing the subjective and arbitrary consciousness, is conducive to shaping one’s highly specialized and systematic mental representation.
This kind of mental ability can help you discover the essence of things faster on a rational level and understand the laws of things;
In the micro scene, it can help you achieve efficient processing and orderly planning of local information.
On an intuitive level, it even allows you to predict the future to a certain extent.
For example, the extreme operations of e-sports players are often based on scenario training, which produces a premonition of stress response, rather than post-thinking results.
This mode of unconscious decision-making is actually sincere and righteous.
That is, thanks to the constant squeezing out of passivity and the final accumulation of objective active facts, the ultimate state of “the unity of material and self” is reached.
We always say that the body of myself who is watching short videos is very honest.
Almost at the moment when I clicked it, I could intuitively judge whether it was my favorite type. This is the initial performance of my deliberate practice that I was fed by the algorithm and passively completed the deliberate practice.
Zhang Yiming’s bet on the algorithm and the great success can also be said to be the inevitable result of amplifying the idea of empathy with oneself into business practice.
Write at the end
Seeing this, you may be twelve in the belief of the effectiveness of deliberate practice.
But in the end, I still have to poke a possible cognitive bubble.
Don’t treat deliberate practice as an artifact, it is just an ordinary instrumental concept.
Use tools, but don’t be defined by concepts.
What deliberate practice can help you is more efficient forging on some basic abilities and cognitive levels.
But deliberate practice does not constitute a decisive element that affects reality.
Talent, luck, connections, channels, environment, etc., may all play a more important role in your success.
The objects of many practice scenes often include many uncertain and uncontrollable factors.
For example, the interaction between people requires objective feedback rather than subjective emotional response from the other party to be able to effectively correct deviations; or for artistic creation, inspiration may stimulate chemical reactions more than routine templates.
Don’t expect to practice deliberately, it can help you complete the complete transformation from 1 to 100 in any situation.
In addition, deliberate practice is always a conditional category outside of itself.
It is not necessary to forget the scenery on the road and the throbbing in the heart in order to deliberately practice the rules of deliberate practice and obtain the success of self-discipline.
Wang Yangming knows this very well, so he is no longer obsessed with learning about things. He turned around and chose to see Huamingxin: “This heart does not move, it moves randomly.”
Wear a necklace instead of a chain on your neck.
Deliberate practice and you can achieve the greatest value.
Posted by:CoinYuppie，Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/from-lei-jun-to-zhang-yiming-what-are-the-commonalities-in-the-transformation-of-masters/
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