Crypto Anarchism and Mutual Aid Theory

In Bitcoin inventors Satoshi (Satoshi Nakamoto) published on October 30, 2008 article “Bitcoin: a point to point electronic cash system”, the last one giving a total of eight references. One of the first references is the 1998 article “b-money” written by Wei Dai, one of the cypherpunk members.

At the beginning of David’s article, he mentioned Timothy May, one of the initiators of cypherpunk. David wrote in the first sentence: “I am fascinated by what Tim May calls crypto-anarchy.”

The Tim May that David said was Timothy May, one of the three who initiated the establishment of a cryptography research group in 1992 in the California Bay Area with Eric Hughes and John Gilmore. At the first party, the word Cypherpunk was born, which was formed by combining the roots of cipher and cyberpunk.

David continued: “Unlike communities traditionally associated with the term’anarchy’, in encrypted anarchy, government is not temporarily destroyed, but is permanently banned and permanently unnecessary.”

“In this community, the threat of violence is powerless, because violence is impossible, and violence is impossible, because its participants cannot be linked to their real names or actual locations.”

In the second paragraph of the article, David explained: “Until now it is not clear, even in theory, how such a community operates. The community is defined by the cooperation of participants. Effective cooperation requires the medium of exchange (money) and the execution of the contract. Method. Traditionally, these services are provided by the government or government-funded institutions and only provided to legal entities. In this article, I describe an agreement through which these services can be provided to untraceable entities or by Provided by an untraceable entity.”

Next, David gave two ways to construct a currency agreement.

David’s article is very short, only more than 1,300 words. However, its article seems to have given Satoshi Nakamoto a lot of inspiration, otherwise it would not have received such attention from Satoshi Nakamoto, and it was listed as the first reference. Even in a reply on July 20, 2010, Satoshi Nakamoto bluntly pointed out that what he did was only based on David and Nick Szabo. He wrote: “Bitcoin is the realization of David’s b-money proposal for cypherpunk in 1998 and Nick Sabo’s “Bitgold” proposal. “

The 17th episode of the TV series “Awakening Age” staged a scene where Chen Yannian, Chen Qiaonian and Mao Zedong met under a street lamp in front of the French Training Center. Mao Zedong, who was studying under a street lamp at the time, told the brothers that he was very interested in the theory of mutual aid and the three like-minded people became friends. This incident occurred before Mao Zedong went to work in the library of Peking University, so it was inferred that the time should be between August and October 1918.

The theory of mutual assistance shared by the three people was a popular social theory introduced to China at that time and was invented by Peter Alexevich Kropotkin, the founder of anarchic communism. Kropotkin’s theory of mutual assistance, by opposing Darwin’s theory of evolution, puts forward that from animals to humans, there is a universal nature to help each other, and thus extends to his political proposition, that is, by promoting mutual assistance between people, The old society where people cannibalize can be transformed, and a better society where people help others can be built.

Kropotkin believes that the state and government are organizations and institutions that oppress people and therefore should be eliminated. Advocate the sharing of material wealth, distribution according to needs, and eliminate all oppression and struggle.

Obviously, anarchy communism is an opposition to Marx’s scientific communism. It opposes class struggle, does not recognize “material forces can only be destroyed by material forces”, opposes the use of violence, has too good assumptions about human nature, ignores the limitations of the level of productivity development, and cannot achieve material distribution on demand in one step. A state of great abundance.

In the dire straits of the early 20th century, the popularity of Kropotkin’s theory was a kind of petty bourgeois self-paralysis, a shot of morphine injected when the whole society was in pain. But the narcotic effect of morphine will eventually pass, and people will wake up eventually. Landlord groups, comprador groups, and gun-holding warlords will not come to help each other with the pauper. After all, if you can use grabbing, who will fair trade and mutual benefit?

Fairness and justice have always been only within the range of the cannon. The market economy can only exist within the scope of eliminating violent robbery. Only stronger power can eliminate violence.

Just like the theory of good nature, only after the evil of human nature is constrained by powerful social forces, will it become a common behavior pattern for people. Therefore, Confucianism is only the science of governance, not the science of creation.

Satoshi Nakamoto did not suffer from the little bourgeois disease full of gentle fantasy. From the beginning, he designed a PoW (Proof of Work) based on the SHA-256 inverse operation that was almost impossible to crack for the Bitcoin system, restricting the impact on digital assets. Robbery and theft. At the same time, bitcoins are issued to reward miners, mobilize the world’s most powerful computing power cluster, consume huge amounts of electricity, and protect the security of digital assets. Today, the total annual expenditure of the Bitcoin network for “purchasing” computing power is enough to rank among the top military spending rankings of countries in the world.

From the first day, he knew in his heart who his opponent was and how powerful and terrifying his opponent was. So he was cautiously incognito from the very beginning, until today no one knows who he is.

In April 2011, before his assistant and community volunteer Gavin Andreson was invited by the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) to participate in a technology summit to explain Bitcoin, he had disappeared in the vast cyber universe and never appeared again.

From the perspective of mutual assistance, Bitcoin is the most efficient global mutual assistance network invented by mankind. Everyone saves to this network when they have spare money, and extracts the previously stored value from the network when needed in the future. Obviously, money is not really stored somewhere in the network, but all other people who join the network are supporting the person who needs to extract value.

The 1,000 yuan I deposited in the Bitcoin network today was instantly transferred to someone in a corner of the world who was in urgent need of the 1,000 yuan at this moment. For this, I got a certain amount of “contribution value” ( BTC ) to record my help to others this time.

A few years later, when I needed to use money, I withdrew 1,000 yuan from the Bitcoin network. Then it was someone in the future, not necessarily the person I had helped before, and transferred the money to me to support it. My needs. For this, I have to pay a certain amount of “contribution value” (BTC) as a price.

Obviously, just like the mutual insurance network, the more people who join, the stronger the financial resources of those who join, the greater the value of the entire Bitcoin network, and the stronger the support for each individual participant. Therefore, the “contribution value” exchanged for today’s 1,000 yuan can be exchanged for 1,000 yuan in the future with less “contribution value”. In other words, the so-called “appreciation” of BTC.

The encrypted point-to-point network is not an anarchist castle in the air, but a vigorous “social experiment” based on the powerful material power of cryptography and electromagnetic energy.

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