In 2021, the Metaverse, the next growth point of the digital economy, will be surrounded by international technology giants such as Meta, Microsoft, Tencent, and Baidu. Metaverse, as an integrated innovation and integrated application of Internet, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, blockchain, and virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and other technologies, has also received the attention of many governments. Become the focus of industrial development layout.
In the first quarter of 2022, Beijing, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Shandong, Fujian and other places intensively released development plans, measures and action plans for the Metaverse and related industries, striving for the development opportunities of the Metaverse industry track.
Metaverse-related policies have been introduced intensively
Since 2022, the governments of Wuxi, Shanghai, Xiamen and other places have stepped up the layout of the Metaverse industry track, and intensively issued relevant policies and documents related to the Metaverse and virtual reality (VR).
On January 5, the “Taihu Bay Technology Innovation Belt Leading Area Metaverse Ecological Industry Development Plan” issued by Binhu District, Wuxi City pointed out that it is necessary to focus on the integration of application leading and scene driving, and promote the in-depth application of Metaverse technology in multiple fields; The upstream and downstream links and main bodies of the Metaverse industry will develop collaboratively, and accelerate the integration, innovation and development of the Metaverse and integrated circuits, blockchain, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and other technologies.
On January 9, Wang Lei, a member of the party group and deputy director of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Economy and Information Technology, said that Beijing has launched the construction of a city super-computing power center, promoted the formation of a new Metaverse innovation consortium, and explored the construction of a Metaverse industrial cluster. As a sub-center of the city, Tongzhou District of Beijing will build a “Metaverse Innovation Center”, and the “Eight Measures to Accelerate the Innovation-led Development of Beijing’s Sub-center Metaverse” was officially released and implemented to help the development of the Metaverse industry.
On February 16, Shanghai Hongkou District released the “Metaverse Industry Development Action Plan”, and at the same time, the Hongkou District Metaverse Industry Party Building Alliance was unveiled. It is understood that the alliance will integrate key enterprises in the district and scientific research institutions such as the Shanghai Institute of Technology and Materials of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tongji University, etc., and is committed to supporting the “production, learning, research, and application” units in the district to give full play to their respective advantages and build strong technical support. The characteristic Metaverse ecology of efficient achievement transformation and rapid market application. In addition, Hongkou District will also focus on building the North Bund Metaverse Development and Application Demonstration Zone, cultivating and introducing a number of high-quality Metaverse scene application companies, and building a number of Metaverse industrial economic spaces.
“Hongkou will also strengthen policy support for core technology innovation and R&D, market exchange, commercial application and expansion, talent training and introduction, financing, etc., and actively set up a Metaverse Industrial Investment Fund to support enterprises to continue to grow stronger and bigger, and contribute to Yuan The development of the space industry provides strong support.” said Cai Zhengmao, director of the Science and Technology Commission of Hongkou District, Shanghai.
In March, Xiamen Municipal Bureau of Industry and Information Technology and Xiamen Municipal Big Data Administration jointly released the “Xiamen Metaverse Industry Development Three-Year Action Plan (2022-2024)”. It is clearly stated that by 2024, Xiamen’s Metaverse industrial ecology has begun to take shape, and a group of Metaverse enterprises that have mastered key technologies and have revenue of over 100 million yuan have been introduced and cultivated. The leading role of people’s livelihood services and industrial transformation and upgrading has been further enhanced.
In order to cultivate Metaverse enterprises, Xiamen will establish a Metaverse Industry Alliance to support enterprises to jointly carry out research on the application of Metaverse technology, promote the transformation of results, and cultivate a group of small giant enterprises, specialized and special new enterprises; focusing on hardware, platforms, smart chips, In key areas such as NFT, VR/AR and other key areas, increase investment in attracting investment, support influential Metaverse companies or institutions to set up headquarters, R&D centers, innovation platforms, incubation bases, etc. in Xiamen; guide companies to explore new Metaverse technologies, new applications and For new business formats, the priority is to open application scenarios for Xiamen Metaverse Enterprises.
Focus on the development of VR and other Metaverse core technologies
The “14th Five-Year Plan for Digital Economy Development” clarifies the development goals of my country’s digital economy: the proportion of the added value of the core industries of the digital economy to GDP will increase from 7.8% in 2020 to 10% in 2025. As a growth point of the digital economy, Metaverse has also become the focus of the government’s active deployment. Chengdu, Wuhan, Hefei, Haikou, Baoding and Xuhui District of Shanghai have included Metaverse in the work schedule of this year’s government work report for 2022 (see the figure below for details). ).
Centering on virtual reality, the core digital technology of the Metaverse, various regions are actively developing relevant industrial layouts and formulating specific plans and goals.
On January 5th, the “Guiding Opinions on the Construction of Zhejiang Province’s Future Industry Pilot Zone” issued by the Office of the Leading Group for the Development of the Digital Economy in Zhejiang Province stated that the Metaverse is juxtaposed with artificial intelligence, blockchain, and third-generation semiconductors. It is one of the layout areas of key future industrial pilot areas in 2019; Zhejiang will speed up the establishment of an open innovation platform in the fields of brain-computer collaboration, virtual reality, blockchain, etc., to promote industrial technology empowerment and integrated innovation.
In March, seven departments including the Shandong Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology jointly issued the “Shandong Province Three-Year Action Plan for Promoting the High-quality Development of the Virtual Reality Industry (2022-2024)” (hereinafter referred to as the “Plan”), which will take three years to develop the virtual reality industry. The province cultivates and promotes 100 application scenarios and solutions, and builds a domestic first-class and internationally competitive virtual reality industry highland of 100 billion.
According to the “Plan”, Shandong will build a “1+4+N” virtual reality industrial regional layout with Qingdao as the center, Jinan, Weifang, Yantai, and Weihai linked together with other cities. Industrial development ecology, strengthen technology collaborative innovation, improve public service capabilities, carry out industry application demonstrations, empower cutting-edge emerging fields, cultivate and expand market entities, stimulate the inherent vitality of the market, strengthen the introduction and cultivation of talents, and strongly support five key tasks such as industrial development.Strive to achieve more than 3,000 new international and domestic patents in the field of virtual reality in the province by 2024, the R&D investment intensity of leading enterprises will reach more than 6%, and a total of more than 10,000 professionals related to the virtual reality industry will be cultivated.
Metaverse governance is on the agenda
This year’s government work report pointed out that it is necessary to improve the governance of the digital economy, release the potential of data elements, and better enable economic development and enrich people’s lives. Industry experts suggest that while actively deploying Metaverse and other related industries, they should also have a sound legal system to escort them to avoid various problems derived from them, so that they can better empower the development of the real economy.
During the National Two Sessions, the representatives also put forward specific suggestions on digital economy governance and legislation such as the Metaverse.
Gao Yu, deputy to the National People’s Congress, proposed to strengthen the supervision of Metaverse’s economic activities, monitor and warn the risks of Metaverse’s speculation, and improve technical monitoring methods through the coordination of regulatory departments with banks, Internet information, public security and other departments. She suggested that to promote the healthy development of the Metaverse, it is necessary to reshape and adjust the real laws, provide guidelines for regulating the personality of virtual subjects, establish and improve legal norms such as transactions, data, and security to ensure the normal operation of the Metaverse economic and social system, as well as supervise the Metaverse. Laws and regulations for the development and application of the universe.
Ma Huateng, deputy to the National People’s Congress, chairman and CEO of Tencent’s board of directors, suggested that the key technologies and governance rules of the new generation of Internet should be studied in a forward-looking manner, and a Chinese solution for the coordinated development of digitalization and low-carbon development should be explored.
The representative members suggested that the legislative research of the “Metaverse” should be started as soon as possible to form a governance model and legal basis suitable for the development of technology and market, mainly involving three aspects: one is the reshaping and adjustment of real laws; the other is to ensure the economic and social protection of the Metaverse Legal norms such as transactions, data, and security for the normal operation of the system, explore the establishment of a virtual economic rule system, and promote legislation on digital asset rights confirmation, transactions, and privacy protection. Realize “technology for good”.
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