Beijing: Relying on blockchain and other technologies to provide services and support for anti-drug work
According to the official website of the Beijing Municipal People’s Government, the “Beijing Drug Control Regulations” has been adopted by the 32nd meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th Beijing Municipal People’s Congress on July 30, 2021, since October 1, 2021. From implementation. The fifth chapter of the “Regulations” pointed out that Beijing should strengthen the construction and application of drug control information, establish a drug monitoring and early warning platform, and rely on the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence, blockchain and other technologies to provide services and support for drug control, analysis, and Research and judge all kinds of drug-related information, carry out drug monitoring and evaluation and early warning notifications of drug problems.
Attach the original text of “Beijing Drug Control Regulations”:
Chapter One General Provisions
Article 1 In order to prevent and punish drug-related crimes, protect citizens’ physical and mental health, and maintain social order in the capital, these regulations are formulated in accordance with laws and administrative regulations such as the Anti-Drug Law of the People’s Republic of China and the actual conditions of the city.
Article 2 These regulations shall apply to the anti-drug work within the administrative area of this city.
Article 3 The city’s anti-drug work implements the policy of focusing on prevention, comprehensive management, banning species, prohibition, trafficking, and smoking, and implements a working mechanism of party committee leadership, government responsibility, social coordination, public participation, and scientific and technological support.
This city incorporates anti-drug work into the content of safety construction and spiritual civilization construction.
Article 4 The municipal and district people’s governments shall incorporate anti-drug work into national economic and social development plans and plans, include anti-drug funds in the budget at the corresponding level, allocate work forces commensurate with anti-drug tasks, and strengthen the construction of anti-drug professional teams.
Article 5 The municipal and district drug control committees are responsible for organizing, coordinating and guiding drug control work within their administrative area, researching and formulating drug control measures, coordinating and solving major problems in drug control work, carrying out key rectification of drug problems, and supervising the implementation of drug control responsibilities; The daily work is undertaken by the office of the city and district drug control committee.
Article 6 The public security organ is responsible for drug investigation, drug case investigation, drug addict investigation and management, supervision and management of the purchase and sale of precursor chemicals and transportation, as well as the management of compulsory isolation centers for drug rehabilitation in this system.
The judicial administrative department is responsible for the overall planning, coordination, and guidance of drug rehabilitation management agencies to do drug rehabilitation work; drug rehabilitation management agencies are responsible for the management of compulsory isolation centers for drug rehabilitation and rehabilitation centers for their own systems.
The health department is responsible for the supervision and management of drug rehabilitation medical institutions, and works with the public security organs and judicial administrative departments to formulate plans for the establishment of drug rehabilitation medical institutions, and provide guidance and support for drug rehabilitation medical services.
Other relevant departments shall do a good job in anti-drug related work in accordance with their respective responsibilities.
Article 7 Sub-district offices and township people’s governments are responsible for community drug rehabilitation and community rehabilitation, and carry out anti-drug publicity and education in accordance with the law.
Residents’ committees and villagers’ committees shall assist the people’s government, public security organs and other departments to carry out anti-drug publicity and education, and implement anti-drug prevention measures.
Article 8: Units and individuals shall perform their anti-drug obligations in accordance with the law.
This city encourages citizens to report drug illegal and criminal acts; encourages social organizations, volunteers and other social forces to participate in anti-drug publicity and education, and social services for drug rehabilitation.
Article 9 This city strengthens the exchange and sharing of anti-drug information with neighboring provinces and cities such as Tianjin City, Hebei Province, and other provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government, and carries out anti-drug law enforcement cooperation in accordance with the law.
Chapter II Anti-drug Publicity and Education
Article 10 The municipal and district people’s governments and relevant departments shall adopt various forms to carry out anti-drug propaganda and education, promote the construction of anti-drug propaganda and education bases, and combine anti-drug propaganda and education with civic moral education, law education, health education, and science education to strengthen Anti-drug awareness of the whole society.
At important time points such as International Anti-drug Day, the municipal and district people’s governments and relevant departments should intensively carry out anti-drug propaganda and education activities; newspapers, radio, television, and Internet media should use main pages and prime time to publish anti-drug propaganda and education content.
Article 11: State organs, social organizations, enterprises and institutions, and other organizations shall strengthen the education and management of their personnel, and organize and carry out anti-drug propaganda and training.
Article 12 The education department shall guide schools to carry out anti-drug publicity and education, and urge schools to implement anti-drug education responsibilities.
Schools at all levels and types of schools should incorporate drug control education into the content of education and teaching based on the cognitive characteristics of students of different ages, and use campus networks, campus broadcasts, reading rooms, and publicity boards to carry out drug control publicity and education.
Article 13: Communist Youth League organizations at all levels shall strengthen anti-drug publicity and education for young people, and provide guidance for anti-drug volunteer service activities for young people.
Parents or other guardians of minors shall educate minors on the dangers of drugs and prevent them from ingesting or injecting drugs or engaging in other illegal and criminal activities of drugs.
Article 14 Newspapers, radio, television, Internet media, etc. shall use special columns, public service advertisements, etc., to publicize the dangers of drugs, popularize drug prevention knowledge, and conduct targeted drug prevention education in programs and columns for young people.
Newspapers, radio, television, Internet media, etc. shall abide by relevant national regulations, adhere to a healthy and upward social orientation, and shall not invite drug addicts as the main creators to participate in the production of radio and television programs, and shall not broadcast movies and TV series produced by drug addicts as the main creators. , Radio and television programs and endorsed commercials.
This city encourages cultural and artistic groups, art colleges and individuals to create anti-drug cultural works, and enrich anti-drug publicity and education forms.
Article 15: Operators and management of public places such as airports, railway stations, long-distance bus stations, urban rail transit depots, bus and tram depots, entertainment venues, hotels, catering service venues, bathing venues, Internet access service business venues, etc. In case of illegal drug reporting, the number of anti-drug reports should be announced, and anti-drug publicity and education should be carried out in prominent locations and densely populated areas within the premises for practitioners and service targets in the premises.
Article 16 This city encourages the provision of anti-drug content in the residents’ conventions and village regulations. The residents’ committees and villagers’ committees conduct anti-drug propaganda by setting up anti-drug publicity boards and displaying anti-drug literature and art to educate and guide residents and villagers to stay away from drugs. , Improve the ability to resist drugs.
Chapter III Anti-drug Control Measures
Article 17 The illegal cultivation of opium poppies, coca plants, cannabis plants, and other original plants that can be used for the extraction and processing of drugs that are regulated by the state are prohibited.
Public security organs, landscaping, agriculture and rural areas, planning and natural resources, water affairs and other departments, as well as sub-district offices and township people’s governments shall strengthen daily inspections of forest lands, rivers, agricultural land, etc., and if they find illegal planting of drug plants, they shall immediately Stop it and report to the district people’s government. The district people’s government organizes the eradication in accordance with the law. The public security organs shall investigate and deal with the illegal cultivation of original drug plants in accordance with the law.
Article 18 It is forbidden to add to foods and food additives the original drug plants and their seeds, seedlings or other substances containing drug ingredients as prescribed in the “Drug Control Law of the People’s Republic of China”.
It is forbidden to use text, patterns and other elements containing drugs and original drug plants in commercial advertisements and trademarks.
Article 19 Departments of public security, health, transportation, commerce, emergency management, market supervision and management, and drug supervision and management shall strengthen the supervision and management of precursor chemicals in accordance with the law, and establish mechanisms for information sharing, flow tracing, and responsibility review.
Units producing, operating, purchasing, transporting, importing and exporting precursor chemicals shall establish an internal management system in accordance with relevant state regulations and adopt safety protection measures in accordance with the law to prevent precursor chemicals from flowing into illegal channels.
Article 20 Institutions of higher learning, scientific research institutes, medical institutions, inspection and testing institutions, drug research and development enterprises and other units shall strengthen the management of key equipment that can be used to manufacture drugs or identify drugs, and establish a key equipment information registration system in accordance with national requirements , To truthfully record the purchase, sale, lease, and use of equipment.
Article 21: Institutions of higher learning, scientific research institutes, medical institutions, inspection and testing institutions, drug research and development enterprises and other units that have not been listed under the control of the state and can be used to manufacture drugs or addictive substances shall be found in their work. Report to the public security organs and relevant competent departments in a timely manner.
For substances with addictive properties that have not been included in the control of the state, the public security organs shall, in conjunction with the health and drug supervision and management departments, organize experts to conduct risk assessments; for substances that may cause social harm such as the risk of abuse, the public security organs shall focus on Monitoring and timely release of early warning information to the public, and when necessary, management measures such as requiring business management units to keep purchase and sales records.
Article 22 According to the needs of drug investigation, public security organs may conduct inspections of drugs and precursor chemicals at traffic routes, ports, airports, railway stations, and long-distance bus stations to and from people, objects, goods, and vehicles. .
Relevant aviation, railway, and road transportation business units, logistics delivery companies and individuals shall cooperate.
Article 23 Logistics delivery companies shall carry out anti-drug training for practitioners, strictly implement management systems such as acceptance inspection, real-name registration, safety inspection, etc., and discover suspected drugs, drug use tools, precursor chemicals, original drug plants and their Seeds, seedlings, and other articles prohibited by the state from being sent and delivered shall be immediately stopped receiving, transporting, and delivering, and reporting to the public security organs and relevant competent departments.
Article 24: Network operators shall strengthen the management of user information release, and if they discover suspected drug-related crimes, they shall immediately take measures such as stopping transmission or eliminating the information to prevent the spread of information, keep relevant records, and report to the public security organs and Relevant authorities report.
The creators and managers of Internet groups should perform management responsibilities, regulate group network behavior and information release in accordance with the law, and discover suspected drug violations and crimes should immediately report to the public security organs and cooperate in investigations and evidence collection.
Departments of public security, cybersecurity and informatization, market supervision and administration, and postal administration shall strengthen the monitoring of Internet drug-related illegal and criminal information, and deal with relevant illegal and criminal acts in accordance with the law.
Article 25: Operators and managers of entertainment places, hotels, catering service places, bathing places, and Internet service business places shall implement anti-drug prevention measures in accordance with the law, establish an inspection system, and discover illegal or criminal activities involving drugs in the places. It should report to the public security organ in time and take necessary measures to protect the scene.
Departments of culture, tourism, commerce, etc. shall strengthen the daily supervision and management of the places listed in the preceding paragraph, and the public security organs shall strengthen anti-drug inspections, and promptly detect and investigate drug-related crimes.
Article 26: State public officials who have taken or injected drugs shall be dealt with in accordance with the laws and administrative regulations governing sanctions.
Article 27: Public transportation enterprises, school bus operators, and driver training institutions such as public buses and trams, urban rail transit, taxis, long-distance buses, aviation and railways, and driver training institutions shall strengthen drug control education and training for drivers and coaches Establish a drug-related screening system for drivers and trainers; if drivers or trainers are found to have taken or injected drugs, they should be ordered to stop driving and report to the public security organs and relevant industry authorities.
Article 28: Departments such as cultural tourism, radio and television, film, internet information, and market supervision and administration shall strengthen industry supervision and implement the responsibilities of anti-drug work.
Relevant industry associations should strengthen industry self-discipline, establish and improve industry management standards, conduct anti-drug publicity and education for member units and their employees, clarify industry codes of conduct and professional ethics, and implement self-discipline measures for violations of relevant regulations.
Chapter IV Drug Rehabilitation Management Services
Article 29 The public security organs shall register drug users.
This city implements classified assessment, hierarchical management, and comprehensive interventions for drug users, and incorporates them into the grid-based social management service system. It adopts various measures such as voluntary drug rehabilitation, community drug rehabilitation, compulsory isolation for drug rehabilitation, and community rehabilitation to help drug users get rid of drug addiction and education And save drug addicts.
Article 30 This city encourages drug addicts to quit drug addiction by themselves. Drug users can go to medical institutions with the qualifications for drug treatment to receive treatment on their own.
Medical institutions with drug treatment qualifications shall sign agreements with voluntary drug rehabilitation personnel or their guardians in accordance with relevant regulations; if voluntary drug rehabilitation personnel are found to be involved in drug illegal and criminal activities, they shall promptly report to the public security organs.
Article 31 Drug users who meet the conditions for participating in the maintenance treatment of detoxification drugs shall apply in person to the maintenance treatment establishment of the treatment detoxification drugs. The maintenance treatment establishment of the treatment detoxification drugs shall work five times from the date of receiving the application materials submitted by the applicant in accordance with the requirements. Within days, the applicant will be informed in writing whether he can participate in the treatment, and the result of the review shall be reported to the public security organ where the detoxification drug maintenance treatment institution is located for the record.
The maintenance treatment institution of drug detoxification shall sign a voluntary treatment agreement with the drug detoxification personnel participating in the treatment. During the period of maintenance treatment with detoxification drugs, the detoxification personnel shall abide by the voluntary treatment agreement and treatment system, consciously accept drug testing and other related medical tests, and shall not interfere with the normal order of diagnosis and treatment of medical institutions.
Article 32 The public security organs may order drug addicts to go to the place of residence or current residence to accept drug treatment in the community, and notify the local street office and township people’s government. The local street office and township people’s government shall promptly pick up the community drug addicts. Back; if you accept community drug rehabilitation, you should sign a community drug rehabilitation agreement with the local street office and township people’s government.
Community drug rehabilitation staff in any of the following situations, the community drug rehabilitation staff shall report to the public security organs in a timely manner in accordance with relevant regulations; the public security organs shall investigate and verify in a timely manner, and the sub-district offices and township people’s governments shall cooperate:
(1) Failing to report to the sub-district office or the township people’s government in accordance with the requirements of the public security organ;
(2) Refusing to sign a community drug rehabilitation agreement;
(3) Taking or injecting drugs during the detoxification period in the community seriously violates the agreement on detoxification in the community.
Article 33: Drug addicts who have been decided by the public security organ to compulsory isolation for drug rehabilitation shall first perform compulsory isolation for three to six months in the compulsory isolation drug rehabilitation facility of the public security agency, and then transfer to the compulsory isolation drug rehabilitation facility of the drug rehabilitation agency Continue to implement compulsory isolation for drug rehabilitation.
Public security organs and judicial administrative departments should improve the cohesion system for compulsory isolation and detoxification work.
Article 34: Public security organs and judicial administrative departments shall set up special compulsory isolation sites for drug rehabilitation, or designate compulsory isolation sites for drug rehabilitation to open up special areas to receive sick and disabled drug users, and be equipped with corresponding medical facilities and security and medical personnel. The specific measures for the admission and treatment of sick and disabled drug users shall be formulated by the municipal public security organs and judicial administrative departments in conjunction with the health and health departments.
Public security organs, judicial administrative departments, and health departments have explored ways to use the city’s medical and health resources to purchase services through the government, encourage cooperation between compulsory isolation and rehabilitation sites and medical institutions, multi-site medical staff practice, or counterpart support from medical institutions. Rehabilitation of well-disabled drug addicts will improve the level of medical services for compulsory isolation and detoxification in this city.
Article 35: The public security organ that made the decision on compulsory isolation and detoxification may order a person who has been released from compulsory isolation and detoxification to receive community rehabilitation at the place where he or she is currently registered, and notify the local sub-district office, township people’s government, and local sub-district office. The people’s government of the township and village shall bring back community rehabilitation personnel in time; those who accept community rehabilitation shall sign a community rehabilitation agreement with the local neighborhood office and the township people’s government.
For community rehabilitation personnel in any of the following circumstances, the public security organs may conduct necessary tests. If they refuse without justified reasons, they may be compulsorily tested; if the test proves that they are taking or injecting drugs, the public security organs shall make a compulsory isolation decision for drug rehabilitation, and shall not Early release:
(1) Failing to report to the sub-district office or the township people’s government in accordance with the requirements of the public security organ;
(2) Refusing to sign a community rehabilitation agreement;
(3) Serious violation of the community rehabilitation agreement.
Article 36 Sub-district offices and township people’s governments shall allocate full-time community staff according to work needs, formulate community drug rehabilitation and community rehabilitation work plans, and implement community drug rehabilitation and community rehabilitation management measures.
Public security organs, drug treatment management organs, health departments, etc. strengthen their guidance and support for community drug treatment and community rehabilitation work in accordance with their respective responsibilities.
Article 37 This city supports drug rehabilitation centers to provide scientific and standardized drug rehabilitation guidance and treatment, psychological intervention, employment guidance and other professional services for voluntary drug rehabilitation, community drug rehabilitation, and community rehabilitation personnel, and establishes with sub-district offices and township people’s governments. Cooperation mechanism to provide support for community drug rehabilitation and community rehabilitation.
Chapter V Anti-drug Guarantee and Supervision
Article 38 This city encourages the development of anti-drug science and technology research, the development, introduction and promotion of advanced anti-drug technologies, equipment and methods.
Article 39 The Municipality shall strengthen anti-drug information construction and application of established drug monitoring and early warning platform, relying on the Internet, big data and artificial intelligence, block chain technology to provide services and support for anti-drug work, analysis, involving all kinds of judgments Drug information, carry out drug monitoring and evaluation and early warning notifications of drug problems.
Article 40 The municipal and district people’s governments and relevant departments shall strengthen employment support for drug rehabilitation and rehabilitation personnel, coordinate social resources, explore the establishment of employment placement bases, develop public welfare positions, encourage enterprises to absorb employment, support independent entrepreneurship and self-employment. Employment and other ways to broaden employment channels, provide vocational skills training, employment guidance, and employment assistance for drug rehabilitation and rehabilitation personnel, and help drug rehabilitation and rehabilitation personnel with employment aspirations and working capabilities to find employment.
Article 41: Public security organs, judicial administrative departments and other relevant departments, as well as sub-district offices and township people’s governments, may hire social organizations, social workers or other personnel with corresponding capabilities to cooperate in the development of anti-drug publicity and education, drug rehabilitation and rehabilitation guidance, Psychological intervention and other professional services for drug users, and provide them with necessary working conditions and guarantees.
Article 42: When the market supervision and management, health and health departments find clues to drug illegal and criminal activities in the course of law enforcement, they shall promptly transfer them to the public security organs.
The municipal and district people’s governments and relevant departments shall protect the safety of the informant when reporting clues about drug illegal and criminal activities, keep the informant’s identity information confidential, and reward those who report meritorious services in accordance with regulations.
This Municipality shall commend and reward units and individuals that have made outstanding contributions to the anti-drug work in accordance with relevant regulations.
Article 43: Public security organs, judicial administration, health and other departments, sub-district offices, township people’s governments, and other units and individuals involved in drug control work shall provide information on drug users that they have learned in the course of performing drug control duties and providing services It should be kept confidential, and must not be disclosed or illegally provided to others.
Chapter VI Legal Liability
Article 44 In violation of the first paragraph of Article 17 of these Regulations, illegal cultivation of poppies, coca plants, cannabis plants, and other original plants that can be used for refining and processing drugs controlled by state regulations does not constitute a crime, in accordance with The relevant provisions of the “Public Security Administration Punishment Law of the People’s Republic of China” impose administrative penalties.
Article 45 In violation of the provisions of Article 18, Paragraph 1 of these Regulations, adding raw drug plants and their seeds, seedlings or other substances containing drug ingredients to food and food additives shall be governed by the Food Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China. Relevant regulations impose administrative penalties.
Violation of the second paragraph of Article 18 of these Regulations, the use of text, patterns and other elements containing drugs and original drug plants in commercial advertisements shall be ordered by the market supervision and management department to stop advertising and impose more than 200,000 yuan on advertisers A fine of less than one million yuan, if the circumstances are serious, the advertising review agency shall revoke the advertising review approval document and refuse to accept its application for advertising review within one year; for advertising operators and advertising publishers, the advertising expenses shall be confiscated by the market supervision and management department and be imposed two times A fine of more than 100,000 yuan but less than one million yuan. The use of words, patterns and other elements containing drugs and original drug plants in trademarks shall be stopped by the market supervision and management department, corrected within a time limit, and notified, and if the illegal business turnover is more than 50,000 yuan, it may be punished as a percentage of the illegal business turnover. If there is no illegal business amount or the illegal business amount is less than 50,000 yuan, a fine of less than 10,000 yuan may be imposed.
Article 46: In violation of Article 20 of these Regulations, relevant units fail to establish information registration systems for key equipment that can be used to manufacture or identify drugs in accordance with national requirements, or fail to truthfully record the purchase, sale, lease, and use of equipment and equipment In such circumstances, the public security organ shall order corrections and give warnings; if serious consequences are caused, a fine of 10,000 yuan up to 50,000 yuan shall be imposed.
Article 47: In violation of the first paragraph of Article 24 of these Regulations, network operators who fail to stop transmission or eradicate information on drug-related crimes, or fail to keep relevant records, shall comply with the “Network Security Law of the People’s Republic of China”. 》Relevant regulations impose administrative penalties.
Article 48: In violation of the first paragraph of Article 25 of these regulations, the operators and managers of the relevant premises fail to implement anti-drug prevention measures and establish inspection systems, the public security organs shall order corrections and give warnings; If the illegal drug activities are not reported to the public security organs, the public security organs shall give a warning and impose a fine of 10,000 yuan up to 50,000 yuan. If the circumstances are serious, they shall be ordered to suspend business for three to six months for rectification.
Article 49 In violation of the provisions of Article 27 of these regulations, if the relevant unit has not established a drug-related screening system for drivers and coaches, the public security organ shall order corrections and give warnings; if drivers or coaches are found to have taken or injected If the drug act fails to take measures to stop driving and report to the relevant department, the public security organ shall give a warning and impose a fine of 10,000 yuan to 50,000 yuan. If the circumstances are serious, it shall be ordered to suspend business for three to six months for rectification.
Chapter 7 Supplementary Provisions
Article 50 These regulations shall come into force on October 1, 2021.
Posted by:CoinYuppie，Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/beijing-relying-on-blockchain-and-other-technologies-to-provide-services-and-support-for-anti-drug-work/
Coinyuppie is an open information publishing platform, all information provided is not related to the views and positions of coinyuppie, and does not constitute any investment and financial advice. Users are expected to carefully screen and prevent risks.