The new crown epidemic is a major global crisis experienced by human society after entering the 21st century. Its changes to the global status quo and the future cannot be simply described as the “black swan incident”.
At present, the epidemic is still raging around the world, and the number of confirmed cases and deaths in many countries is still reaching new highs. At the same time, global social and economic development has suffered heavy losses. The supply chain, international trade, economic exchanges and geopolitical patterns triggered by the epidemic have quietly changed, and will have a long-term and hard-to-ignore impact on various fields.
In the process of fighting the invisible “enemy” of the new crown virus, emerging technologies represented by blockchain have played an important role that cannot be ignored.
On the whole, on the one hand, anti-epidemic applications are an important practice for new technologies to respond to major public health crises and the upgrading of a broader social governance system; on the other hand, anti-epidemic applications are important to the “post-epidemic” era. The continuous development of chain technology provides valuable experience and will accelerate the application of blockchain technology in various fields.
1. A new bill triggered by the medical supply chain crisis
On February 22, 2020, there were only 34 confirmed cases of new coronary pneumonia in the United States. Two months later, on April 22, this number climbed to 845,000 cases at an alarming rate. During this period, with the continuous escalation of the epidemic, the country’s lack of medical protection materials and the low efficiency of its allocation and deployment have been criticized.
In this context, the U.S. House of Representatives submitted an HR 6607 bill to the House of Representatives in late April: the Strategic National Reserve Enhancement and Transparency Act. The bill aims to establish a network supported by a national private blockchain to track key medical supplies and other materials in the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS), so as to solve the above problems in the long-term and respond to them. More risks that may arise in the future.
The main sponsor of the bill, Stephen F. Lynch, stated that the proposed bill “is based on the (current status) of SNS’s failure to effectively provide personal protective equipment, ventilators and other important equipment during the current coronavirus pandemic. customized”. To this end, the bill proposes to establish a private blockchain-based network to monitor SNS and the availability of materials in each state, and to ensure that both have sufficient inventory. At the same time, HR 6607 will also provide funds to create state repositories and establish state-based blockchain nodes for tracking purposes. In addition, the bill also urges the US Department of Health to establish a national emergency biological defense network.
This new bill proposal triggered by the medical supply chain crisis shows that the epidemic has inspired the United States to pay attention to and value the unique features of blockchain technology in strengthening the management of strategic medical supplies.
In addition, according to the data included in the Capital Laboratory’s “2021 Global Blockchain Application Market Report”, the United States has a high degree of activity in broader blockchain “anti-epidemic” applications such as epidemic tracking and site prevention and control. However, judging from the actual effect, a considerable part of the applications have not played their expected value in preventing the spread of the epidemic.
The reason is that, on the one hand, epidemic prevention and control is a complex system engineering that requires a high degree of coordination among all parties. Relying on a single technology can only be “difficult to sing alone”; on the other hand, this phenomenon reflects the current situation. When dealing with major public health incidents, the contradiction between technology and system, and the unnecessary consumption of technology and culture.
Before the U.S. House of Representatives proposed the HR 6607 bill, blockchain applications related to the fight against the epidemic had already been surging around the world. As of the end of 2020, extending to 2021, this new wave of technology applications is still continuing and shows several notable trends.
2. The “anti-epidemic” blockchain covers a wide range of application scenarios
In 2020, governments from various countries, medical institutions, non-profit organizations, financial institutions, technology giants, startups and other forces will respond quickly. Public health systems, fiscal/tax systems, financial systems, and technology systems will work closely together to use the block. The chain technology fights against the epidemic and has formed a very rich application scenario.
Blockchain-based anti-epidemic applications cover eight segmented scenarios: epidemic tracking, financial support, remote office, charity tracking, resumption of work and production, medical supply chain, site prevention and control, and comprehensive prevention and control.
Among them, epidemic tracking applications accounted for the highest proportion, reaching 29%; followed by remote office and financial support applications, accounting for 17% and 13% respectively. The segmented application areas in each scenario are as follows:
1. Epidemic tracking application : The blockchain-based epidemic tracking application mainly covers residents’ health status and travel tracking, new coronavirus epidemiological research, new coronavirus test result storage and verification, patient hospitalization data monitoring, cold chain food tracking and traceability, And sub-scenarios such as public opinion monitoring related to the new crown epidemic.
2. Remote office application : The implementation of the isolation policy under the epidemic has made remote office a new normal, and blockchain technology has provided new impetus for this new normal. Blockchain-based remote office applications mainly involve scenarios such as telemedicine, online contracting, “cloud” customs clearance, online certificate deposit, and remote voting.
3. Financial support applications : Financial support applications cover two subdivided application scenarios of financing services and insurance services.
4. Application for resumption of work and production : This application scenario covers the management of resumption of work and production based on epidemic tracking, consumption stimulus measures based on blockchain technology, food safety traceability management under the epidemic, and the reconstruction of global supply chains in the “post-epidemic” era And perfection.
5. Charity tracking application : Globally, charity tracking is an important scenario where blockchain technology was put into application earlier. In the process of fighting the epidemic, this scenario has also produced a wealth of application cases, mainly involving the storage, verification, traceability, management, distribution, and audit of public welfare donations.
6. Medical supply chain application : During the epidemic, blockchain is used to track the source of medical supplies, medicines and other medical supplies, and to ensure the smooth operation of the medical supply chain under emergency conditions.
7. Site prevention and control applications : Blockchain-based site prevention and control applications include epidemic prevention and control measures for schools, hotels, buildings, communities and other specific occasions.
8. Comprehensive prevention and control applications : This type of application mainly covers application scenarios such as the comprehensive management system for epidemic prevention and control launched by government departments, related standards for epidemic prevention and control, and emergency management measures for public health incidents.
3. Together with other new technologies, blockchain plays an important role in the “anti-epidemic” process
Drones fly in the sky to assist in the “social distance” reminder and management of epidemic prevention and control; robots shuttle and deliver medicines in hospital aisles to reduce the risk of infection of medical staff; smart helmets worn by police can display close range Groups of people are warm to achieve rapid screening; artificial intelligence is used to track epidemic data and the development of new crown drugs; remote video platforms provide online meeting rooms and classrooms for office workers and students; e-commerce and mobile payment satisfy consumers’ needs Shopping needs under quarantine… In 2020, we have seen the leapfrog development and application of new technologies, new platforms, and new business models under the epidemic, as well as their powerful forces in response to crises. Blockchain is at the right time and has played an important role in the fight against the epidemic.
According to statistics from Capital Labs, there will be 132 blockchain application cases directly related to the fight against the epidemic worldwide in 2020, accounting for 10% of all blockchain applications in the world. These cases are distributed in 17 countries and regions.
The above data is enough to become a landmark annotation of 2020, a special year in human history. In such a short period of time, the concentration and rapid promotion of a certain new technology application in a specific field by all parties is unprecedented in the history of global scientific and technological development. This also shows that in the process of dealing with major global crises, blockchain has been regarded as a reliable technology that can be applied quickly.
4. China: A unique model for global blockchain “anti-epidemic”
At the sudden outbreak of the epidemic, China’s economy was hit hard in the first quarter, with GDP falling by 6.8% compared with the same period last year. With the gradual control of the epidemic, the GDP growth rate reached 3.2% in the second quarter, 4.9% in the third quarter, and 6.5% in the fourth quarter, thus realizing a V-shaped economic recovery.
For the whole year, China’s GDP reached 101,598.6 billion yuan in 2020, breaking through the one-hundred-billion yuan mark for the first time, with a year-on-year increase of 2.3%, making it the only major economy to achieve positive growth in 2020.
Against the background of the epidemic, China has become the “main battlefield” of global blockchain anti-epidemic applications.
The data shows that among the 132 anti-epidemic application cases, 95 are from China, accounting for 72% of the global share, which fully demonstrates China’s innovative enthusiasm and strength in using the new technology of blockchain to fight the epidemic.
Looking back on 2020, China took the lead in controlling the epidemic, stepping out of the trough and resuming growth, and then resisting the external crisis when the epidemic was raging around the world. The unique “Chinese experience” became a high-quality answer that China gave to the world. . These experiences are mainly reflected in:
First, government departments at all levels have formed rapid response, scientific decision-making and high coordination for epidemic prevention and control, providing the most solid guarantee for mobilizing the whole society to use new technologies to fight the epidemic.
Second, from national-level blockchain facilities to enterprise-level application platforms, from comprehensive services to vertical industry services, China has formed a relatively complete blockchain infrastructure, providing a convenient and low-cost development environment for anti-epidemic applications .
Third, from the Administration of Foreign Exchange to the General Administration of Customs, from the State Grid to COSCO Shipping, the “national team” has played an important leading role in the anti-epidemic application of blockchain.
Fourth, from non-profit organizations to financial institutions, from technology giants to start-up companies, all forces coordinated and acted quickly to form a strong support for the fight against the epidemic in various fields.
Fifth, from epidemic monitoring to resumption of work and production, from public welfare tracking to medical supply chain management, the epidemic prevention and control system can cover the whole country in an all-round and rapid manner and be implemented.
5. The “anti-epidemic” application has achieved rapid evolution following the progress of the epidemic
Globally, although the development and application of blockchain is still in its primary stage of development, in the context of the new crown epidemic, anti-epidemic applications relying on blockchain technology have achieved rapid evolution.
First, from the perspective of application areas, as the epidemic breaks out in more countries and regions around the world, blockchain will be used in anti-epidemic actions in more countries and regions.
In the first quarter of 2020, the epidemic situation in China is the most urgent, and the pressure to fight the epidemic is the most prominent. In this context, all parties from China quickly followed up and launched various types of anti-epidemic applications, which accounted for 93% of the world.
With the advancement of anti-epidemic work, the smooth implementation of resumption of work and production, and the further normalization of production and life, the proportion of anti-epidemic applications in China has dropped to about 50% in the next three quarters.
In contrast, with the outbreak and intensification of the epidemic on a larger scale worldwide, the proportion of foreign anti-epidemic applications has increased from 7% in the first quarter to about 50% in the next three quarters. However, from the perspective of the whole year, the application activity of foreign countries in this field is still significantly lower than that of China.
Second, from the perspective of application scenarios and application forms, blockchain technology continues to expand new application scenarios following the changes in the epidemic stage.
Throughout the epidemic, blockchain anti-epidemic applications showed very high agility.
Soon after the outbreak, that is, in the context of the “anti-epidemic fight” in February 2020, domestic government departments, financial institutions, technology companies, non-profit organizations and other parties developed related applications based on blockchain. And quickly invest in all aspects of the frontline of the anti-epidemic, such as epidemic data monitoring, virus detection data storage, charity donation management, epidemic prevention material management and other application scenarios.
If we say that the blockchain application launched in February mainly played an emergency response function; by March, with the advancement of the domestic epidemic control and the resumption of work and production, as well as the escalation of the global epidemic, the anti-epidemic application began to become more active , A wider, longer-lasting, and more normalized field and link extension, such as shipping and ship epidemic monitoring applications, community and building intelligent management applications, port rapid customs clearance applications, trade financing applications, etc.
When the domestic epidemic prevention and control transitioned to the stage of “internal proliferation prevention and external prevention import”, the application form of blockchain anti-epidemic changed further.
In the second half of 2020, as many places in China have successively tested positive for the new crown virus from imported frozen foods or their outer packaging, various provinces and cities quickly launched corresponding blockchain traceability applications, and played an important role in preventing the import of foreign epidemics.
By the first quarter of 2021, relevant countries have begun to gradually promote the COVID-19 vaccination work. The blockchain-based COVID-19 vaccine storage and supply chain traceability application, and the “new crown vaccination certificate” application will be on the foreground. Recognition and collaboration have pushed the blockchain anti-epidemic application into a new stage.
Overall, in just over a year, from passive to active, from short-term to long-term, from emergency to normalization, anti-epidemic blockchain applications have undergone rapid evolution as if they have life, and become A model for the rapid introduction of new technologies into large-scale applications.
Posted by:CoinYuppie，Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/anti-epidemic-blockchain-an-important-practice-of-applying-new-technology-to-social-governance/
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