400 million people will lose their stable jobs in the future: are you ready to do odd jobs?

Why do more and more programmers want to take part-time delivery?

In today’s workplace, there are courts inside and outside the system, but no matter whether it is 9 to 5 or 996, I get some points to work.

If you have a job, time is free, you are not forced to check in on time, and you are not actually required to work overtime under the guise of “flexible work”; the amount of work is free, if you are tired, you will do less, and if you don’t have enough money, you will do more. Really do more work, pay more, salary is proportional to time, are you willing to do it?

Portraits of odd workers

In fact, this is not uncommon, it is the so-called gig economy.

American scholar Diana Malkaxi pointed out in “Gig Economy”: “If you regard the current world of work as a ruler, imagine that one end is a career ladder provided by enterprises in the traditional sense, and the other end is unemployment. With a wide range of work options and a wide range of job options, it is the gig economy.”

It sounds odd jobs on Economic tall, actually already has a place in the political arena, we close some ” odd jobs man.”

In terms of brain power, there are freelance writers, freelance designers, consultants, etc. like me; in terms of physical power, takeaway brothers, courier brothers, and even construction site movers are considered zero workers.

00

With the raging epidemic, Premier Li Keqiang proposed to expand flexible employment channels and expand the number of gangs and the status of “zero workers”. “Party workers” are no longer the bottom of the professional contempt chain, as everyone thinks. Instead, as everyone was abused by 996, it gradually became a trend.

McCann tin Global Institute global survey of 8,000 people in six countries, found that playing a zero workers to account for 10% -15%.

In 15 countries in the United States and Europe alone, there are 162 million freelancers. According to their report, they predict that in 2025, online platforms will create 72 million jobs and contribute about 2% of global GDP.

In fact, Hillary Clinton said in her speech, “In 2016, the proportion of freelancers in the United States exceeded 53 million.”

00

In China, the “gig-workers” army that abandoned 9 to 5 jobs is also growing. A 2017 report from the Ali Research Institute shows that by 2036, as many as 400 million people in China may become zero workers.

00

The epidemic is a great combustion-supporting agent. The “Tsinghua-58 Tongzhen County Labour Force Survey” jointly released by Tsinghua University’s School of Social Sciences and other units shows that 31.7% of the group took part-time jobs after the epidemic.

So, what are China’s “zero workers” like?

Data shows that more than 90% of them are young and middle-aged workers. At the same time, women take care of children and family and other reasons, taking up more than half, and 90% of them have a bachelor’s degree or less, mainly on the Internet, Production labor, technical services, and other fields that do not require centralized participation of personnel.

Many people may wonder, does “zero workers” mean a hungry meal and a full meal, and displacement and instability?

This is not the case.

According to a report by the ADP Institute of Employment Data in the United States, there are also two major factions of “zero workers”, short-term and independent contract members. The short-term members tend to be younger, have lower educational backgrounds, and have lower incomes. The main form of work is Hire according to needs, do what you need, and wait if there is no need;

Independent contract faction settle down by technology, many companies according to the project to find him who they tend to blend into the workplace rivers and lakes has long been older, but also highly educated.

More importantly, in fact, every industry relies heavily on flexible employment , so there is no need to worry about them starving to death, and flexible employment is not a piecemeal job.

00

More than half of the independent contractors have worked for the same company for 12 consecutive months. It can be said that they are independent outsourced employees of the company, and their salary is similar to that of in-service employees.

The pros and cons of the gig economy

The odd workers seem to be particularly enviable. They have freedom of working hours, freedom of location, and freedom of interpersonal relations. In addition to being unable to realize the freedom of wealth, they have almost realized the ultimate ideal of hitting workers.

The same is true for enterprises. They can absorb heroes from all over the world without being trapped by the region. They can also avoid the pain of layoffs, save money and achieve a win-win situation.

But is it really so beautiful?

If a gang is used to describe the odd workers, it is a gang of beggars.

The number of people is large and free, but at the same time the benefits they can enjoy are also few. Zero workers cannot enjoy benefits including social insurance, retirement pension and unemployment allowance, and may be expelled from the gang at any time.

More cruelly, even though the contract between the gig workers and the enterprise is not so strong, the control of the enterprise is high-intensity. Because of the replaceability at any time, the gig workers have a stronger need for work.

Therefore, they will be required to have “faster and faster” processing speeds, and to face the “increasingly higher” requirements and “lower and lower” tolerance of their bosses.

00

It’s like the “Takeaway boy trapped in the system” that was popular a while ago. He was whipped by an invisible hand to make him faster and faster…

And once the ties with the company are weakened, the zero workers are really fighting alone, because once there are any mistakes, the responsibility lies with them.

Not to mention promotion, when the work becomes increasingly fragmented, the odd jobs will become small chess pieces, dotted among various projects.

00

Therefore, Richard, a professor at St. Joseph’s College in the United States, gave them a nice name-“office proletariat” or “preserving class”.

How to protect the rights and interests of “zero strike workers”

Some time ago, two British drivers took Uber to court, claiming that Uber treated them as independent contractors and refused to provide them with employee benefits under normal employment relationships. This behavior was illegal, and they won the case.

This means that they no longer get paid sick leave, expense reimbursement, minimum wage protection and other benefits as before, but can enjoy the treatment of full-time employees, including minimum wage, paid vacation and basic working hours.

In addition, Uber drivers in France and the United States have also appealed. California’s AB5 law has come into effect in January 2020, requiring companies to treat drivers as regular employees instead of independent contractors.

00

After this battle, it can be seen that the grassroots zero-breaking workers have also begun to face up to the labor benefits they should enjoy. So, how can society protect them?

The United States, where the gig economy has developed for a long time, passed the Temporary Workers Equality Act as early as 2000, stipulating that if the gig workers work more than 1,000 hours within 12 months, they should be paid the same as the regular army.

In addition, they also want to train zero workers. For example, the California Employment Training Center can receive 70-80 million US dollars in training funds each year. They need to train 50,000 employees each year. In order to ensure the effectiveness of the training, only They have been employed for more than 3 months before the training fee can be given to the training organization.

The European approach is more comprehensive, but the advantages and disadvantages are also obvious in practice.

For example, they will promote personal work accounts, a bit like our social security policy, but they separate the social rights of employees from the company and link them to their payment records.

If you have several periods of work, the social security during the working period will be included in your personal account, which is more convenient for statistics and more convenient to carry. But the problem is that this system does not require employers to pay social security, and there will still be insufficient social security contributions. .

They will also reduce the connection between social security and employment. That is to say, the social security of the gig workers is no longer linked to income, but related to their needs. Social security is paid by taxes. This looks good, but it will Increase public financial expenditures.

As for China, the Faculty of Social Sciences and Tsinghua bytes beat jointly issued the “status of development of the Internet economy era of odd jobs, and the social impact of policy proposals” that we need platforms, businesses, workers tripartite efforts.

Platforms should make use of new technologies and resources such as AI and big data to assume their responsibilities.

It is also possible to introduce small B companies to become intermediaries and let them become MCNs for freelancers to mobilize, gather and manage the odd workers. More importantly, the platform needs to set up special labor security funds and business departments, so as to protect the odd workers. .

Companies must build a “4C” human resource system, adopt a more flexible employment model, and use formal core employees for core work.

Other temporary projects and emergencies can hire more flexible odd workers, but we must pay attention to the salary system, welfare guarantee system and human development system.

For the gig workers, iron strikes must be hard on their own. It is necessary to consider clearly whether to choose a 1+N model or a full-time model, to enhance personal skills in multiple dimensions, and to choose a good channel to make their income more stable.

Posted by:CoinYuppie,Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/400-million-people-will-lose-their-stable-jobs-in-the-future-are-you-ready-to-do-odd-jobs/
Coinyuppie is an open information publishing platform, all information provided is not related to the views and positions of coinyuppie, and does not constitute any investment and financial advice. Users are expected to carefully screen and prevent risks.

Like (0)
Donate Buy me a coffee Buy me a coffee
Previous 2021-07-26 12:39
Next 2021-07-26 12:40

Related articles