​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Let’s start with the answer:

1. Web 1.0->Web 2.0->Web3.0 is actually read-only->read-write->ownable (including readable and writable);

2. Metaverse is a large application scenario of Web 3.0, and it is also an application scenario of 5G, VR/AR, blockchain, NFT, etc.

Let’s first use the story of a vegetable farmer as an analogy to help everyone understand. I believe readers, you will have better understanding and metaphors.

The following elaboration on the Internet mainly refers to the vast majority of users. It should be noted that 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and even the future 4.0,…, are gradually evolved, and there is no clear boundary . For example, Sina, the typical representative of domestic Web1.0, has been keenly increasing the functions of Web2.0 Sina Blog; in 2003, Google acquired blogger.com and other events are not uncommon, including Facebook’s entry into the Metaverse and even changing its name, and you can see some IT Giants are also constantly evolving and iterating themselves. 

1. Web 1.0

Self-employed people sell vegetables, next to their farmland, or at their doorstep.

The advantages are: close distance and autonomy; the disadvantages are: the variety of vegetables is extremely limited, and the tools and environments to help sell vegetables must be prepared and maintained by yourself, and a large amount of change must be prepared; lack of traffic, fewer people come and go.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Picture from: Baijiahao

Corresponding to the Internet, Web 1.0 users stroll around and look at network information (in the early days, most of them were created by elites, independent personal websites), that is , the Web that users participate in is a “read-only” Internet.

The Internet at this time, for the vast majority of users, was mainly a gathering place for information, including the early command-line form of BBS (electronic bulletin board, short for Bulletin Board System).

The picture below shows that in 1991 in China, Roy used Telnet (a type of telephone line) to build the earliest dial-up connection BBS station in China – the Great Wall Station, which was established according to the FidoNet protocol.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Picture from: Baijiahao

In 1994, the YAHOO portal site including text and pictures appeared. As shown below:

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Image taken from: https://www.sohu.com/a/412070632_114819

Portal websites such as Sohu, Sina, NetEase, Tencent, TOM, China.com, etc. have appeared in China. Later, search sites with slight interaction (that is, typing in keywords) appeared, such as Google, Baidu, Zhongsou.com, etc., and the means for users to obtain information began to develop towards a higher degree of personalization.

2. Web 2.0

Like a fair or a vegetable market, there are special people or organizations to manage it, including setting up the venue, providing tools such as preservation, cutting and chopping, changing the whole money for parts, cleaning and preparing the environment, etc., and charging management fees or handling fees.

For vegetable sellers, the advantages are: the flow of people is greatly increased, and the rent can be paid by “moving in with a bag”; vegetable sellers can also buy vegetables, but they want to taste or like vegetables that they have not grown at home. . In addition to buying vegetables, market-goers can also sell vegetables.

The disadvantages are: the autonomy is weakened, and it is necessary to obtain a business license or obtain a certain qualification; the vegetable market gradually forms a monopoly position, such as relying on technology, management level, market allocation ability, capital and market position, etc. to stifle other competitive vegetable markets in the bud Among them, as long as they are willing, the vegetable market management agency can sit on the ground to increase the price and charge a handling fee of 30% or more.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Image from: https://www.sohu.com/a/485846633_100049550

Corresponding to the Internet, websites move from media attributes (one-way transmission of news, information, etc.) to interactive attributes (UGC, User Generated Content, that is, user-created content, interaction, and two-way transmission); from text to images, audio, and video. Multimedia form.

Web 2.0 has evolved into a platform where users can read and publish information. It is a “readable and writable” Internet.

Representatives at home and abroad include: blogger.com founded by Pyra Labs in August 1999; Sina Blog, as shown below. Go to Facebook (now renamed meta), Twitter, Youtube, Musical.ly, Youku Tudou, Toutiao, WeChat Official Account, Kuaishou, Douyin, etc.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

The picture above is taken from Han’s Sina blog

3. Web 3.0: Redistribution of Value

Here comes the problem. There is a girl who sells vegetables. In her spare time, she uses cutting tools from the vegetable market to carve beautiful flowers such as white radishes. Who owns the flower? Can I sell it myself? Whose money does it sell?

Buyer A took a beautiful radish flower to show off (equivalent to publicity), and was bought at a higher price by Buyer B who couldn’t put it down. How to distribute the price difference obtained by Buyer A?

Buyer B re-processed and created the radish flower, which is more refined and more vivid. Buyer C bought it at ten times and one hundred times the price of buyer B. How should the income of buyer B be distributed?

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

What should the next generation of “vegetable markets”, or ideally, look like? Producers, even communicators, and consumers should have certain management and discourse rights, and participate in the formulation of rules.

For example, is it possible that in the future, vegetable farmers, even those who buy vegetables, will build and manage vegetable markets through crowdfunding, discuss management rules together, and finally elect a team of managers to manage them? Although the efficiency is low, a consensus can be reached, and the handling fee is relatively reasonable, which can sustainably develop healthily.

In this way, it is possible to try to ensure that most of the producer’s income goes to himself. Although this category is about the vegetable market, it may not be suitable. Is there any one that may be suitable for all walks of life? Welcome to leave a message?

Back to the internet. The above analogy may be inappropriate, but similar problems should not be underestimated. When human life gradually increases in duration, depth and breadth in the metaverse or digital world, because of identity, social interaction, credit, emotion, spiritual needs, digital assets, etc. Aspects of belonging and even dependence will become more and more important and cannot be ignored.

For example: In December 2020, South Korean gamers took companies such as Google Korea to court for disappearing game characters that cost nearly 33.51 million won to upgrade for no reason; in January 2020, Internet giants such as Facebook, Twitter, and Google blocked the President Trump’s account; in 2021, there will be a lawsuit in China that has attracted everyone’s attention. The focus is on whether the game players’ gold coins, props, equipment, etc. belong to the game company or the player?

The core is who is in charge of the user’s data? In the past, Internet giants used user privacy data to achieve precision marketing through big data and AI, and continued to develop on the premise that users did not pay much attention to privacy in order to obtain convenience. However, as governments, organizations, and individuals pay more and more attention to privacy, data confirmation, and digital assets, such dividends have gradually peaked.

The emergence and attention of Web 3.0 is precisely to try to solve the above challenges (the conflict between users and platforms). Internet giants are also gradually realizing the unsustainability of the previous model. For example, in early November 2021, Facebook announced that it would shut down the facial recognition system, because of growing concerns from users and regulators, Facebook will delete the personal faces of more than 1 billion users. Identify the version.

However, just like the Metaverse, everyone has their own different understandings of Web 3.0 . In the early days, Web 3.0 refers to the Semantic Web. After the emergence of blockchain and DAO, more and more people gradually regarded Web 3.0 as a kind of decentralization. Web, sometimes referred to simply as Web3.

For example: May 2006, Tim Berners-Lee (invented the World Wide Web, first browser): “Large use on top of Web 2.0 – everything is rippled, folded and doesn’t appear to be The water chestnut — and the entire Semantic Web covers a huge amount of data, and you have access to this incredible resource of data.” The Semantic Web is a web of content where semantics can be processed by machines.

At the Technet Summit in November 2006, Jerry Yang of Yahoo: “You don’t have to be a computer scientist to create a program. This phenomenon has begun to emerge in Web 2.0, and 3.0 will be more deepened, and it is a real public carrier. … the lines between professional, semi-professional and consumer are blurring, creating a network effect of business and applications.”

The Web3D Alliance proposes a 3D concept: “Transform the entire network into a series of 3D spaces, using concepts inspired by Second Life. It also provides new ways to connect and collaborate in 3D shared spaces.”

Some people think that Web 3.0 is: transforming the Internet into a database; some emphasize that this is a road to the evolution of the network eventually leading to artificial intelligence; some emphasize that Web 3.0 is everywhere, that is, Internet everywhere.

The author prefers a decentralized understanding. When I attended the WEB3.0 Cloud Power Summit on September 23, 2021, I published: The construction of blockchain IT infrastructure is a new operating model. The decentralized cloud computing platform separates ownership, operation rights, and use rights, which is a transition from “using it, but not necessarily owning it” to “operating it, and not necessarily owning it”.

Whether it is decentralization (or decentralization), a new generation of cloud computing, or distributed cloud, in my opinion, the core is the separation of powers at the platform level. It should be noted that the separation of powers at different levels will evolve into different business models or formats, which are colorful. For example, the physical world, such as Airbnb, Didi Shunfeng; another example, operating platforms, such as ETH, Filicoin, CityDAO, etc.; virtual goods such as the separation of three rights of NFT, and can explore a variety of models.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

1. If we talk about online platforms, this platform is not only controlled by a few major shareholders, but is jointly owned by stakeholders. The stakeholders here include producers, consumers, operators and communicators. Similar to Ethereum and IPFS Filicoin, everyone creates and co-governs, promotes ecological growth, and shares the benefits brought by development. I was sharing similar logic in the past. Of course, all that is referred to here is partial ownership, or ownership of a part, even if it is a small part, the gathering of people with consensus is also a force that cannot be ignored.

2. If you talk about content and creativity, it must be owned by the producer at the beginning, but attracting traffic and relying on people to promote it will naturally allow the producer to distribute part of the profit to operators, consumers and communicators through a reasonable incentive mechanism.

I agree with Meng Yan’s original article. He said that the paradigm of Web 3.0 is: user creation, user ownership, user control, and protocol distribution. To be more concise, I’d like to say: Web 3.0 is the Internet “partially owned” by users.

The author believes that on this basis, if it can satisfy the user’s multiple senses, such as eyes, ears, nose, tongue, mind and body, that is, in addition to vision and hearing, it can also mobilize touch, smell, taste, somatosensory, and even consciousness (such as hypnosis, meditation, etc.). ) and so on, it will be more perfect, that is, jump from the plane of Web 2.0 to the multi-dimensional three-dimensional network space.

This is also the reason why some experts compare it to the 3D Internet. However, based on the realization of multiple senses that have been or will be realized, I still feel that the attribute “multi-dimensional” may be more sustainable.

4. The relationship between Web 3.0 and the Metaverse

First of all, the author believes that at present: the metaverse is based on the blockchain, the integration of virtual and real (iterable is the co-generation of virtual and real), driven by creators, co-created, co-governed, and shared digital new world, referred to as multi-dimensional co-existence Create mutual trust network. Among them, mutual trust corresponds to the blockchain-based, virtual-real integration or virtual-real coexistence, including AR/VR, brain-computer interface, holographic projection and other interactive technologies and display technologies.

At the 2021 China Data and Storage Summit, the [Blockchain Technology and Practice] forum on the afternoon of November 25th, the author shared in a speech entitled “Metaverse and Blockchain IT Infrastructure”, “The speech document And the video “Metaverse and Blockchain IT Infrastructure”, and mentioned again in Sina’s “2021 Technology Billboard” on the afternoon of December 16.

Inspired by Mr. Xiao Feng, chairman of Wanxiang Blockchain, in my opinion, the Metaverse is the next generation network. It is a network from matter->energy->information->value to creativity and consciousness.

Previously there were material networks, such as transportation networks; energy networks, such as power grids; communication and media networks, such as telegraph and radio and television; and information networks, such as the Internet and mobile Internet.

From July to August 2018, Ying Rizhilu and Bit Big Coffee shared: “Energy, information, talent, capital or value, any method that can promote the efficient flow of the above four elements can promote the progress of society. “.

When sharing the “Blockchain and Storage” lecture series inside the company on December 7, 2019, the following diagram was adopted – Decoupling and Free Flow.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Blockchain is a network of value, a network of trust; will the Metaverse grow into a network of sharing and exchange of ideas and consciousness? 

There is no doubt that the metaverse is a digital new world. In fact, it is everyone’s imagination of the future digital world.

As early as 30 years ago, both the East and the West have explained this imaginary community, that is, the spiritual realm that Qian Xuesen translated VR into (proposed in 1990, which can be regarded as the primary version of the metaverse), and Dacheng Wisdom (proposed in 1992, meta) -synthetic, which can be regarded as the ultimate version of the metaverse); the metaverse mentioned by American science fiction writer Nelson in “Avalanche” in 1992. Going forward, Pangu, Nuwa, Shanhaijing, Tiangong, Difu, Zeus, the Bible, etc. can also be regarded as “the prototype of the metaverse”.

At the moment, we can also think of the metaverse as a community of scenes. On the afternoon of the 16th, it was also mentioned that “the metaverse is regarded as a large application scenario of web3.0”. In fact, it is not only that, the metaverse can also be regarded as 5G, VR/AR, AI, IoT, blockchain, Scenarios for NFT, DeFi, GameFi, SocialFi, etc.

I am very happy that, just yesterday (December 17, 2021), I saw Mr. Lin Zuoming, the author of “Generalized Virtual Economy: The Economy of Binary Value and Mediated State”, transferred an article from economist, Wanbo New Economics Research Institute. Long good article “Teng Tai: Is the Metaverse Speculation or the Future of Humanity?” , systematically and profoundly expresses a similar view: the metaverse is the big bang of scene innovation. Including his views on 5G in the article, I also agree very much. I once wrote in “Why should China spare no effort to promote 5G?” “has a similar view.

The Metaverse is indeed too hot right now, and we have to beware of overheating and burning it! It is necessary to be alert to the situation of cheating, pyramid selling, and cutting leeks.

Of course, we must also see that foreign giants have already taken action, not only meta, NVIDIA, Microsoft, etc. There is also such as “Why did Nike acquire the virtual street brand RTFKT at a sky-high price? “, this article by Peng Shunfeng (the founder of Daxizhou) is very precise: “It’s not tools and channels, but [field], and even [home]”, which is what Xiao Feng mentioned, from “online” to “online” Presence”, similar in purpose. BTW, a few days ago, Mr. Peng Shunfeng gave a speech video “Let life be immortal in the digital world! 》 Widely spread.

Needless to say, the Metaverse is still in its very early stages, and if the ideal were 100%, it might be only 1%, 2% now; but thus denying the far-reaching significance of the Metaverse might be premature. I prefer a metaphor that Mr. Zhu Jiaming once said. I can’t remember the original words. With my associations, the description is as follows: The Metaverse is a tower under construction with scaffolding outside. After the scaffolding is removed, we can see the The whole picture of the Qingyuan universe.

The author believes that before this, several important pillars that make up the Babel Tower are constantly developing themselves, and are intersecting and merging with another pillar or pillars, forming or about to form a beautiful scenery along the way!

For example, the integration of interactive technology (AR/VR) or display technology and AI, the combination of blockchain and literature and art, the combination of blockchain and games, such as SANDBOX based on blockchain Ethereum.

​What is Web 3.0 and how does it relate to the Metaverse?

Finally to sum up:

1. Web 1.0->Web 2.0->Web3.0 is actually 

1) Read-only -> read-write -> ownable (including readable and writable);

2) Command Line -> Plane -> Multidimensional Stereo

3) Information -> We Media -> Creative Platform (Decentralized)

4) Information association -> the association between information and people -> the all-round connection of information, people and things (including the association between people and people, the association between people and things, and the association between things and things)

2. Metaverse is a large application scenario of Web 3.0, and it is also an application scenario of 5G, VR/AR, blockchain, NFT, DeFi, etc.

Posted by:CoinYuppie,Reprinted with attribution to:https://coinyuppie.com/%e2%80%8bwhat-is-web-3-0-and-how-does-it-relate-to-the-metaverse/
Coinyuppie is an open information publishing platform, all information provided is not related to the views and positions of coinyuppie, and does not constitute any investment and financial advice. Users are expected to carefully screen and prevent risks.

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